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Loan and Security Agreement - Silicon Valley Bank and Saba Software Inc.

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LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT

THIS LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this "Agreement") dated as of the Effective Date between SILICON VALLEY BANK, a California corporation ("Bank"), and SABA SOFTWARE, INC., a Delaware corporation ("Borrower"), provides the terms on which Bank shall lend to Borrower and Borrower shall repay Bank. The parties agree as follows:

1 ACCOUNTING AND OTHER TERMS

Accounting terms not defined in this Agreement shall be construed following GAAP. Calculations and determinations must be made following GAAP. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined in this Agreement shall have the meanings set forth in Section 13. All other terms contained in this Agreement, unless otherwise indicated, shall have the meaning provided by the Code to the extent such terms are defined therein.

2 LOAN AND TERMS OF PAYMENT

2.1 Promise to Pay. Borrower hereby unconditionally promises to pay Bank the outstanding principal amount of all Credit Extensions and accrued and unpaid interest thereon as and when due in accordance with this Agreement.

2.1.1 Revolving Advances.

(a) Availability. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement and to deduction of reserves (including but not limited to the Letter of Credit Reserve and the FX Reserve), Bank will make Advances to Borrower up to an amount ("Net Borrowing Availability") not to exceed the lesser of (a) the Revolving Line; or (b) amounts available under the Borrowing Base. Amounts borrowed under this Section may be repaid and reborrowed during the term of this Agreement.

(b) Termination; Repayment. The Revolving Line terminates on the Revolving Line Maturity Date, when the principal amount of all Advances, the unpaid interest thereon, and all other Obligations relating to the Revolving Line shall be immediately due and payable.

2.1.2 Letters of Credit Sublimit.

(a) As part of the Revolving Line, Bank shall issue or have issued Letters of Credit for Borrower's account. The face amount of outstanding Letters of Credit (including drawn but unreimbursed Letters of Credit and any Letter of Credit Reserve) may not exceed: (a) the Net Borrowing Availability minus the sum of (i) all amounts for services utilized under the Cash Management Services Sublimit, (ii) the FX Reserve, and (iii) the sum of the outstanding principal balance of the Advances; and (b) $5,000,000 minus the sum of (i) all amounts for services utilized under the Cash Management Services Sublimit and (ii) the FX Reserve. Such aggregate amounts utilized hereunder shall at all times reduce the amount otherwise available for Advances under the Revolving Line. If, on the Revolving Line Maturity Date, there are any outstanding Letters of Credit, then on such date Borrower shall provide to Bank cash collateral in an amount equal to 105% of the face amount of all such Letters of Credit plus all interest, fees, and costs due or to become due in connection therewith (as estimated by Bank in its good faith business judgment), to secure all of the Obligations relating to said Letters of Credit. All Letters of Credit shall be in form and substance acceptable to Bank in its sole discretion and shall be subject to the terms and conditions of Bank's standard Application and Letter of Credit Agreement (the "Letter of Credit Application"). Borrower agrees to execute any further documentation in connection with the Letters of Credit as Bank may reasonably request. If there is any conflict between the terms of the Loan Documents and terms of the Letter of Credit Application and such other documentation, the terms of the Loan Documentation shall control. Borrower further agrees to be bound by the regulations and interpretations of the issuer of any Letters of Credit guarantied by Bank and opened for Borrower's account or by Bank's interpretations of any Letter of Credit issued by Bank for Borrower's account, and Borrower understands and agrees that Bank shall not be liable for any error, negligence, or mistake, whether of omission or commission, in following Borrower's instructions or those contained in the Letters of Credit or any modifications, amendments, or supplements thereto.

(b) The obligation of Borrower to immediately reimburse Bank for drawings made under Letters of Credit shall be absolute, unconditional, and irrevocable, and shall be performed strictly in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, such Letters of Credit, and the Letter of Credit Application.


(c) Borrower may request that Bank issue a Letter of Credit payable in a Foreign Currency. If a demand for payment is made under any such Letter of Credit, Bank shall treat such demand as an Advance to Borrower of the equivalent of the amount thereof (plus fees and charges in connection therewith such as wire, cable, SWIFT or similar charges) in Dollars at the then-prevailing rate of exchange in San Francisco, California, for sales of the Foreign Currency for transfer to the country issuing such Foreign Currency.

(d) To guard against fluctuations in currency exchange rates, upon the issuance of any Letter of Credit payable in a Foreign Currency, Bank shall create a reserve (the "Letter of Credit Reserve") under the Revolving Line in an amount equal to ten percent (10%) of the face amount of such Letter of Credit. The amount of the Letter of Credit Reserve may be adjusted by Bank from time to time to account for fluctuations in the exchange rate. The availability of funds under the Revolving Line shall be reduced by the amount of such Letter of Credit Reserve for as long as such Letter of Credit remains outstanding.

2.1.3 Foreign Exchange Sublimit. As part of the Revolving Line, Borrower may enter into foreign exchange contracts with Bank under which Borrower commits to purchase from or sell to Bank a specific amount of Foreign Currency (each, a "FX Forward Contract") on a specified date (the "Settlement Date"). FX Forward Contracts shall have a Settlement Date of at least one (1) FX Business Day after the contract date and shall be subject to a reserve of ten percent (10%) of each outstanding FX Forward Contract, the maximum aggregate amount of which reserve may not exceed $5,000,000 minus the sum of (a) all amounts for services utilized under the Cash Management Services Sublimit, and (b) the amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit (including drawn but unreimbursed Letters of Credit) (the "FX Reserve"). The aggregate amount of FX Forward Contracts at any one time may not exceed ten (10) times the amount of the FX Reserve. The FX Reserve may not exceed the Availability Amount (but without including the FX Reserve in the calculation thereof).

2.1.4 Cash Management Services Sublimit. Borrower may use up to $5,000,000 minus the sum of (a) the amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit (including drawn but unreimbursed Letters of Credit), and (b) the FX Reserve (the "Cash Management Services Sublimit") of the Revolving Line for Bank's cash management services which may include merchant services, direct deposit of payroll, business credit card, automated clearing house transactions, controlled disbursement accounts, and check cashing services identified in Bank's various cash management services agreements (collectively, the "Cash Management Services"); provided that in no event shall the Cash Management Services Sublimit exceed the Availability Amount (but without including amounts for services utilized under the Cash Management Services Sublimit in the calculation thereof). Any amounts Bank pays on behalf of Borrower or any amounts that are not paid by Borrower for any Cash Management Services will be treated as Advances under the Revolving Line and will accrue interest at the interest rate applicable to Advances.

2.1.5 Term Loan.

(a) Availability. Bank shall make one (1) term loan available to Borrower in an amount up to the Term Loan Amount on the Effective Date subject to the satisfaction of the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

(b) Application of Term Loan. The Term Loan shall be used to repay in full the Prior Loans. For administrative convenience, Bank may credit the Prior Loans against the amount of the Term Loan to be made available by Bank hereunder. Any excess of the Term Loan after repayment of the Prior Loans shall be disbursed to Borrower, which Borrower shall use in accordance with Section 5.10 hereof.

(c) Repayment. Borrower shall repay the Term Loan in thirty-six (36) equal monthly installments of principal, plus interest (the "Term Loan Payment"). Beginning the month following the month in which the Funding Date of the Term Loan occurs (or in the case where such Funding Date occurs on the last day of the month, beginning the second month thereafter) each Term Loan Payment shall be payable on the first day of each month; Borrower's final Term Loan Payment, due on the Term Loan Maturity Date, shall include all outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid interest under the Term Loan. Borrower may not re-borrow any amount of the Term Loan that is repaid hereunder. Borrower may prepay amounts due and owing under the Term Loan at any time and from time to time without premium or penalty except as set forth in Section 4.1 hereof.

2.2 Overadvances. If at any time or for any reason the total of all outstanding Advances and all other monetary Obligations under Section 2.1.2, 2.1.3 and 2.1.4 exceeds Net Borrowing Availability (an "Overadvance"), Borrower shall immediately pay the amount of the excess to Bank, without notice or demand. Without limiting Borrower's obligation to repay to Bank the amount of any Overadvance, Borrower agrees to pay Bank interest on the outstanding amount of any Overadvance, on demand, at the Default Rate.


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2.3 Payment of Interest on the Credit Extensions.

(a) Interest Rate; Advances. Subject to Section 2.3(b), the amounts outstanding under the (i) Revolving Line shall accrue interest at a per annum rate equal to one quarter of one percentage point (0.25) above the Prime Rate, and (ii) Term Loan shall accrue interest at a per annum rate equal to one half of one percentage point (0.50) above the Prime Rate, which interest in each case shall be payable monthly.

(b) Default Rate. Immediately upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, Obligations shall bear interest at a rate per annum which is five percentage points above the rate effective immediately before the Event of Default (the "Default Rate"). Payment or acceptance of the increased interest rate provided in this Section 2.3(b) is not a permitted alternative to timely payment and shall not constitute a waiver of any Event of Default or otherwise prejudice or limit any rights or remedies of Bank.

(c) Adjustment to Interest Rate. Changes to the interest rate of any Credit Extension based on changes to the Prime Rate shall be effective on the effective date of any change to the Prime Rate and to the extent of any such change.

(d) 360-Day Year. Interest shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year for the actual number of days elapsed.

(e) Debit of Accounts. In accordance with Section 9.4, Bank may debit any of Borrower's deposit accounts, including the Designated Deposit Account, for principal and interest payments or any other amounts Borrower owes Bank when due. These debits shall not constitute a set-off.

(f) Payment; Interest Computation; Float Charge. Interest is payable monthly on the first calendar day of each month. In computing interest on the Obligations, all payments received after 12:00 p.m. Pacific time on any day shall be deemed received on the next Business Day. In addition, so long as any principal or interest with respect to any Advances remains outstanding, Bank shall be entitled to charge Borrower a "float" charge in an amount equal to three (3) Business Days interest, at the interest rate applicable to the Advances, on all payments received by Bank with respect to the Advances (except for payments made directly by Borrower to Bank from Borrower's unrestricted cash on deposit in any deposit account or securities account of Borrower with Bank). The float charge for each month shall be payable on the first day of the month. Bank shall not, however, be required to credit Borrower's account for the amount of any item of payment which is unsatisfactory to Bank in its good faith business judgment, and Bank may charge Borrower's Designated Deposit Account for the amount of any item of payment which is returned to Bank unpaid.

2.4 Fees. Borrower shall pay to Bank:

(a) Termination Fee. Subject to the terms of Section 4.1, a termination fee;

(b) Letter of Credit Fee. Bank's customary fees and expenses for the issuance or renewal of Letters of Credit, upon the issuance or renewal of such Letter of Credit by Bank;

(c) Collateral Monitoring Fee. A monthly collateral monitoring fee of $1,500.00, payable in arrears on the first day of each month (prorated for any partial month) and upon termination of this Agreement; and

(d) Bank Expenses. All Bank Expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees and reasonable expenses, plus expenses, for documentation and negotiation of this Agreement) incurred through and after the Effective Date, when due.

3 CONDITIONS OF LOANS

3.1 Conditions Precedent to Initial Credit Extension. Bank's obligation to make the initial Credit Extension is subject to the condition precedent that Bank shall have received, in form and substance satisfactory to Bank, such documents, and completion of such other matters, as Bank may reasonably deem necessary or appropriate, including, without limitation:

(a) Borrower shall have delivered duly executed original signatures to the Loan Documents to which it is a party;


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(b) Borrower shall have delivered duly executed original signatures to the Control Agreements;

(c) Borrower shall have delivered (i) Operating Documents of Borrower and any Guarantor, and (ii) good standing certificates for Borrower and any Guarantor, certified by the Secretary of State of the state of organization for such entity (and from any other jurisdictions as Bank may reasonably request), in each instance as of a date no earlier than thirty (30) days prior to the Effective Date;

(d) Borrower shall have delivered duly executed original signatures to the completed Borrowing Resolutions for Borrower;

(e) Bank shall have received certified copies, dated as of a recent date, of financing statement searches, as Bank shall request, accompanied by written evidence (including any UCC termination statements) that the Liens indicated in any such financing statements either constitute Permitted Liens or have been or, in connection with the initial Credit Extension, will be terminated or released;

(f) Borrower shall have delivered an executed Perfection Certificate for each of Borrower, any Guarantor, and Centra;

(g) Borrower shall have delivered the duly executed original signatures to the Guaranties required by Bank, together with the completed Borrowing Resolutions for each Guarantor;

(h) Borrower shall have delivered evidence satisfactory to Bank that the insurance policies required by both Section 6.7 hereof and the Guaranties are in full force and effect, together with appropriate evidence showing loss payable and/or additional insured clauses or endorsements in favor of Bank;

(i) Borrower shall have paid the fees and Bank Expenses then due as specified in Section 2.4 hereof;

(j) Bank shall have received a field exam report of the Collateral, which includes an audit of the proposed Centra Acquisition;

(k) the Wells Fargo Lockbox Agreement;

(l) certificates representing the shares of capital stock or membership interests (as applicable) of each of Storm Holding Corporation, and Spruce, together with stock powers executed in blank;

(m) copies of executed merger agreements relating to the Centra Acquisition; and

(n) completion of the Centra Acquisition.

3.2 Conditions Precedent to all Credit Extensions. Bank's obligations to make each Credit Extension, including the initial Credit Extension, is subject to the following:

(a) except as otherwise provided in Section 3.4(a), timely receipt of an executed Payment/Advance Form;

(b) the representations and warranties in Section 5 shall be true in all material respects on the date of the Payment/Advance Form and on the Funding Date of each Credit Extension; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date, and no


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Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or result from the Credit Extension. Each Credit Extension is Borrower's representation and warranty on that date that the representations and warranties in Section 5 remain true in all material respects; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date; and

(c) in Bank's sole discretion, there has not been a Material Adverse Change.

3.3 Covenant to Deliver.

Borrower agrees to deliver to Bank each item required to be delivered to Bank under this Agreement as a condition to any Credit Extension. Borrower expressly agrees that the extension of a Credit Extension prior to the receipt by Bank of any such item shall not constitute a waiver by Bank of Borrower's obligation to deliver such item, and any such extension in the absence of a required item shall be in Bank's sole discretion.

3.4 Procedures for Borrowing. Subject to the prior satisfaction of all other applicable conditions to the making of an Advance set forth in this Agreement, to obtain an Advance (other than Advances under Sections 2.1.2 or 2.1.4), Borrower shall notify Bank (which notice shall be irrevocable) by electronic mail, facsimile, or telephone by 12:00 p.m. Pacific time on the Funding Date of the Advance. Together with such notification, Borrower must promptly deliver to Bank by electronic mail or facsimile a Transaction Report. Bank shall credit Advances to the Designated Deposit Account. Bank may make Advances under this Agreement based on instructions from a Responsible Officer or his or her designee or without instructions if the Advances are necessary to meet Obligations which have become due. Bank may rely on any telephone notice given by a person whom Bank believes is a Responsible Officer or designee.

4 CREATION OF SECURITY INTEREST

4.1 Grant of Security Interest. Borrower hereby grants Bank, to secure the payment and performance in full of all of the Obligations, a continuing security interest in, and pledges to Bank, the Collateral, wherever located, whether now owned or hereafter acquired or arising, and all proceeds and products thereof. Borrower represents, warrants, and covenants that the security interest granted herein is and shall at all times continue to be a first priority perfected security interest in the Collateral (subject only to Permitted Liens that may have superior priority to Bank's Lien under this Agreement). If Borrower shall acquire a commercial tort claim, Borrower shall promptly notify Bank in a writing signed by Borrower of the general details thereof and grant to Bank in such writing a security interest therein and in the proceeds thereof, all upon the terms of this Agreement, with such writing to be in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Bank.

This Agreement may be terminated prior to the Revolving Line Maturity Date by Borrower, effective three (3) Business Days after written notice of termination is given to Bank or if Bank's obligation to fund Credit Extensions terminates pursuant to the terms of Section 2.1.1(b). Notwithstanding any such termination, Bank's lien and security interest in the Collateral shall continue until Borrower fully satisfies its Obligations (other than inchoate Obligations). If such termination is at Borrower's election or at Bank's election due to the occurrence and continuance of an Event of Default, Borrower shall pay to Bank, in addition to the payment of any other expenses or fees then-owing, a termination fee in an amount equal to (i) one percent (1%) of the sum of the Revolving Line and the Term Loan if such termination occurs prior to the first anniversary of the Effective Date; or (ii) one half of one percent (0.50%) of the sum of the Revolving Line and the Term Loan if such termination occurs between the first and second anniversary of the Effective Date; provided, however, that if no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, no termination fee shall be charged unless the credit facility hereunder is refinanced, replaced or repaid in full with funds from a bank or other financial institution other than another division of Silicon Valley Bank. Upon payment in full of the Obligations and at such time as Bank's obligation to make Credit Extensions has terminated, Bank shall release its liens and security interests in the Collateral and all rights therein shall revert to Borrower.

4.2 Authorization to File Financing Statements. Borrower hereby authorizes Bank to file financing statements, without notice to Borrower, with all appropriate jurisdictions to perfect or protect Bank's interest or rights hereunder, including a notice that any disposition of the Collateral, by either Borrower or any other Person, shall be deemed to violate the rights of Bank under the Code.


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5 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

    Borrower represents and warrants as follows:

5.1 Due Organization and Authorization. Borrower and each of its Subsidiaries are duly existing and in good standing in their respective jurisdictions of formation, and are qualified and licensed to do business and are in good standing in any jurisdiction in which the conduct of their business or their ownership of property requires that they be qualified except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Borrower's business. In connection with this Agreement, Borrower has delivered to Bank completed certificates substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit F signed by Borrower, Centra, Spruce and each Guarantor (other than Thinq which is covered by the Borrower's Perfection Certificate), respectively, entitled "Perfection Certificate". Borrower represents and warrants to Bank that (a) Borrower's exact legal name is that indicated on its Perfection Certificate and on the signature page hereof; (b) Borrower is an organization of the type and is organized in the jurisdiction set forth in its Perfection Certificate; (c) the Borrower's Perfection Certificate accurately sets forth Borrower's organizational identification number or accurately states that Borrower has none; (d) the Borrower's Perfection Certificate accurately sets forth Borrower's place of business, or, if more than one, its chief executive office as well as Borrower's mailing address (if different than its chief executive office); (e) Borrower (and each of its predecessors) has not, in the past five (5) years, changed its state of formation, organizational structure or type, or any organizational number assigned by its jurisdiction; and (f) all other information set forth on the Borrower's Perfection Certificate pertaining to Borrower and each of its Subsidiaries is accurate and complete. If Borrower is not now a Registered Organization but later becomes one, Borrower shall promptly notify Bank of such occurrence and provide Bank with Borrower's organizational identification number.

The execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents have been duly authorized, and do not conflict with Borrower's organizational documents, nor constitute an event of default under any material agreement by which Borrower is bound. Borrower is not in default under any agreement to which it is a party or by which it is bound in which the default could have a material adverse effect on Borrower's business.

5.2 Collateral. Borrower has good title to the Collateral, free of Liens except Permitted Liens. Borrower has no deposit accounts other than the deposit accounts with Bank and deposit accounts described in the Perfection Certificate delivered to Bank in connection herewith.

The Collateral is not in the possession of any third party bailee (such as a warehouse). Except as hereafter disclosed to Bank in writing by Borrower, none of the components of the Collateral shall be maintained at locations other than (a) as provided in the Perfection Certificate, or (b) such locations where not more than $25,000 of Collateral (at any one location) is kept. In the event that Borrower, after the date hereof, intends to store or otherwise deliver any portion of the Collateral to a bailee, then Borrower will first receive the written consent of Bank and such bailee must acknowledge in writing that the bailee is holding such Collateral for the benefit of Bank.

All Inventory is in all material respects of good and marketable quality, free from material defects.

5.3 Accounts Receivable.

(a) For each Account with respect to which Advances are requested, on the date each Advance is requested and made, such Account shall be an Eligible Account as set forth in Section 13 below.

(b) All statements made and all unpaid balances appearing in all invoices, instruments and other documents evidencing the Accounts are and shall be true and correct in all material respects and all such invoices, instruments and other documents, and all of Borrower's Books are genuine and in all respects what they purport to be. All sales and other transactions underlying or giving rise to each Account shall comply in all material respects with all applicable laws and governmental rules and regulations. Borrower has no knowledge of any actual or imminent Insolvency Proceeding of any Account Debtor whose accounts are Eligible Accounts in any Transaction Report. To the best of Borrower's knowledge, all signatures and endorsements on all documents, instruments, and agreements relating to all Accounts are genuine, and all such documents, instruments and agreements are legally enforceable in accordance with their terms.

5.4 Litigation. There are no actions or proceedings pending against Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries involving more than $500,000, and there are no actions or proceedings, to the knowledge of any of the Borrower's Responsible Officers or its general counsel, threatened in writing by or against Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries in which a likely adverse decision could reasonably be expected to cause a Material Adverse Change.


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5.5 No Material Deviation in Financial Statements. All consolidated financial statements for Borrower and any of its Subsidiaries delivered to Bank fairly present in all material respects Borrower's consolidated financial condition and Borrower's consolidated results of operations. There has not been any material deterioration in Borrower's consolidated financial condition since the date of the most recent financial statements submitted to Bank.

5.6 Solvency. The fair salable value of Borrower's assets (including goodwill minus disposition costs) exceeds the fair value of its liabilities; Borrower is not left with unreasonably small capital after the transactions in this Agreement; and Borrower is able to pay its debts (including trade debts) as they mature.

5.7 Regulatory Compliance. Borrower is not an "investment company" or a company "controlled" by an "investment company" under the Investment Company Act. Borrower is not engaged as one of its important activities in extending credit for margin stock (under Regulations T and U of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors). Borrower has complied in all material respects with the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act. Borrower has not violated any laws, ordinances or rules, the violation of which could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on its business. None of Borrower's or any of its Subsidiaries' properties or assets has been used by Borrower or any Subsidiary or, to the best of Borrower's knowledge, by previous Persons, in disposing, producing, storing, treating, or transporting any hazardous substance other than legally. Borrower and each of its Subsidiaries have obtained all consents, approvals and authorizations of, made all declarations or filings with, and given all notices to, all government authorities that are necessary to continue its business as currently conducted, except where failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Change.

5.8 Subsidiaries; Investments. Borrower does not own any stock, partnership interest or other equity securities except for Permitted Investments.

5.9 Tax Returns and Payments; Pension Contributions. Borrower has timely filed all required tax returns and reports, and Borrower has timely paid all foreign, federal, state and local taxes, assessments, deposits and contributions owed by Borrower. Borrower may defer payment of any contested taxes, provided that Borrower (a) in good faith contests its obligation to pay the taxes by appropriate proceedings promptly and diligently instituted and conducted, (b) notifies Bank in writing of the commencement of, and any material development in, the proceedings, (c) posts bonds or takes any other steps required to prevent the governmental authority levying such contested taxes from obtaining a Lien upon any of the Collateral that is other than a "Permitted Lien". Borrower is unaware of any claims or adjustments proposed for any of Borrower's prior tax years which could result in additional taxes becoming due and payable by Borrower, other than taxes that may become payable in an amount not exceeding $350,000 as a result of a current tax audit in France for which adequate reserves have been established. Borrower has paid all amounts necessary to fund all present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plans in accordance with their terms, and Borrower has not withdrawn from participation in (other than with respect to Centra in connection with the Centra Acquisition), and has not permitted partial or complete termination of, or permitted the occurrence of any other event with respect to, any such plan which could reasonably be expected to result in any liability of Borrower, including any liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or its successors or any other governmental agency, other than liability of Borrower in an amount not to exceed $350,000 in connection with the Centra Acquisition, for which adequate reserves have been established if so required by GAAP.

5.10 Use of Proceeds. Borrower shall use the proceeds of the Advances solely as (i) working capital, and (ii) to fund its general business requirements, including the Centra Acquisition. The proceeds of the Term Loan shall be used to repay in full the Prior Loans (without penalty or premium on such Prior Loans), and any excess of the Term Loan disbursed to Borrower shall be used solely for those purposes set forth in clauses (i) and (ii) of the preceding sentence. Upon repayment in full of the Prior Loans, the Prior Loan Agreements (other than any UCC financing statements, Control Agreements, or any pledged securities) shall terminate.

5.11 Full Disclosure. No written representation, warranty or other statement of Borrower in any certificate or written statement given to Bank, as of the date such representations, warranties, or other statements were made, taken together with all such written certificates and written statements given to Bank, contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary to make the statements contained in the certificates or statements not misleading (it being recognized by Bank that the projections and forecasts provided by Borrower in good faith and based upon reasonable assumptions are not viewed as facts and that actual results during the period or periods covered by such projections and forecasts may differ from the projected or forecasted results).


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6 AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS

Borrower shall do all of the following:

6.1 Government Compliance.

(a) Subject to Section 7.3, maintain its and all its Subsidiaries' legal existence and good standing in their respective jurisdictions of formation and maintain qualification in each jurisdiction in which the failure to so qualify would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Borrower's business or operations. Borrower shall comply, and have each Subsidiary comply, with all laws, ordinances and regulations to which it is subject, noncompliance with which could have a material adverse effect on Borrower's business.

(b) Borrower shall cause within thirty (30) days from the Effective Date its Subsidiaries Thinq and TrainingServer, Inc. to (i) resolve their respective tax liabilities in the State of Maryland (which liabilities shall not exceed $84,000 in the aggregate and for which adequate reserves have been established), and (ii) deliver to Bank good standing certificates for each such entity from the State of Maryland.

(c) Borrower shall deliver to Bank within three (3) days of the Effective Date, a filed-stamped copy of "Certificate of Merger" relating to Spruce, filed with and certified by the Delaware Secretary of State, which shall be in substantially the same form as the copy provided to Bank prior to filing, and shall be dated and file-stamped on the Effective Date.

6.2 Financial Statements, Reports, Certificates.

(a) Borrower shall provide Bank with the following:

(i) within twenty (20) days after the end of each month, (A) monthly accounts receivable agings, aged by invoice date, (B) monthly accounts payable agings, aged by invoice date, and outstanding or held check registers, if any, and (C) a Deferred Revenue report;

(ii) as soon as available, and in any event within forty-five (45) days after the end of each month, company-prepared, monthly unaudited financial statements;

(iii) within forty-five (45) days after the end of each month a monthly Compliance Certificate signed by a Responsible Officer, certifying that as of the end of such month, Borrower was in full compliance with all of the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and setting forth calculations showing compliance with the financial covenants set forth in this Agreement and such other information as Bank shall reasonably request, including, without limitation, a statement that at the end of such month there were no held checks;

(iv) as soon as available s, but no later than forty-five (45) days after the end of each fiscal year of Borrower, (A) a one (1) year (prepared on a quarterly basis) financial projections of Borrower on a consolidated basis, including a balance sheet and statements of income and cash flows and showing projected operating revenues, expenses and debt service of Borrower on a consolidated basis prepared under GAAP; and (B) budgets, sales projections, operating plans or other financial information used in the preparation of such financial projections reasonably requested by Bank.

(v) as soon as available, and in any event within one hundred twenty (120) days following the end of Borrower's fiscal year, annual financial statements certified by, and with an unqualified opinion of, independent certified public accountants acceptable to Bank; and

(vi) within five (5) days after filing, all reports on Form 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (other than those reports on Form 10-K, 10-Q or 8-K (relating to certification) that are otherwise publicly available through the Securities and Exchange Commission's EDGAR system).

(b) Within 5 Business Days after the end of each week, Borrower shall provide Bank with a Transaction Report, unless Borrower has exercised a Monthly Reporting Option (as defined below).

(c) A "Monthly Reporting Option" is the option of Borrower to provide Bank with a Transaction Report on a monthly basis, within 20 days after the end of each month, instead of on a weekly basis under Section 6.2(b), which option shall be available automatically to Borrower without notice to Bank if Borrower


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(a) maintains the Minimum Liquidity Amount, and (b) no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing; provided that (i) if the Monthly Reporting Option is in effect and (A) the Minimum Liquidity Amount ceases to exist at any time for a period of five (5) consecutive days or (B) an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, then such Monthly Reporting Option shall immediately terminate and the reporting requirement for a Transaction Report shall immediately revert back to the previous reporting arrangement under this Agreement without any notice from Bank to Borrower (the "Reporting Option Termination"); and (ii) if a Reporting Option Termination arises solely because Borrower failed to maintain the Minimum Liquidity Amount for a period of five (5) consecutive days, then Borrower shall be eligible for another Monthly Reporting Option (as described herein) at such time that Borrower has provided Bank (to Bank's satisfaction) Transaction Reports showing eight (8) consecutive weeks of Borrower maintaining the Minimum Liquidity Amount. Regardless of whether a Monthly Reporting Option is in effect, Borrower shall continue to provide Bank with Transaction Reports in accordance with Section 3.4 hereof.

(d) As soon as practicable, and in no event later than 60 days after the Effective Date, Borrower shall deliver a report showing all purchase accounting Deferred Revenue adjustments made by Borrower in connection with the Centra Acquisition.

6.3 Accounts Receivable.

(a) Schedules and Documents Relating to Accounts. Borrower shall deliver to Bank transaction reports and schedules of collections, as provided in Section 6.2, on Bank's standard forms; provided, however, that Borrower's failure to execute and deliver the same shall not affect or limit Bank's Lien and other rights in all of the Accounts, nor shall Bank's failure to advance or lend against a specific Account affect or limit Bank's Lien and other rights therein. If requested by Bank, Borrower shall furnish Bank with copies (or, at Bank's request, originals) of all contracts, orders, invoices, and other similar documents, and all shipping instructions, delivery receipts, bills of lading, and other evidence of delivery, for any goods the sale or disposition of which gave rise to such Accounts. In addition, Borrower shall deliver to Bank, on its request, the originals of all instruments, chattel paper, security agreements, guarantees and other documents and property evidencing or securing any Accounts, in the same form as received, with all necessary indorsements, and copies of all credit memos.

(b) Disputes. Borrower shall promptly notify Bank of all disputes or claims relating to Accounts that involve more than $150,000. Borrower may forgive (completely or partially), compromise, or settle any Account for less than payment in full, or agree to do any of the foregoing so long as (i) Borrower does so in good faith, in a commercially reasonable manner, in the ordinary course of business, in armís-length transactions, and reports the same to Bank in the regular reports provided to Bank; (ii) no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing; and (iii) after taking into account all such discounts, settlements and forgiveness, the total outstanding Advances will not exceed the Net Borrowing Availability.

(c) Collection of Accounts. Borrower shall have the right (on its own behalf and on behalf of Spruce, Thinq and any other Affiliate of Borrower as Bank may designate from time to time) to collect all Accounts, unless and until a Default or an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing. Whether or not an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, Borrower shall hold all payments on, and proceeds of, Accounts in trust for Bank. Such payments and proceeds shall be applied to the Obligations pursuant to the terms of Section 9.4 hereof. Until such further time as Bank directs pursuant to the last sentence hereof, all proceeds of Accounts shall be deposited into the Restricted Revenue Account(s) with Wells Fargo and shall be subject to the Wells Fargo Lockbox Agreement, except that, in the case of Accounts of Spruce, the proceeds of such Accounts are not required to be deposited into the Restricted Revenue Account(s) with Wells Fargo until the six (6) month anniversary of the Effective Date. Subject to the exception in the preceding sentence, Borrower shall (and shall cause Spruce, Thinq and such other Affiliate as Bank may designate from time to time to) direct all customers and Account Debtors of Borrower, Spruce, Thinq and/or any other Affiliate of Borrower as Bank may designate to remit all payments owing to such entities to the Restricted Revenue Account(s) with Wells Fargo and/or such other Restricted Revenue Account(s) as Bank may specify from time to time pursuant to the last sentence hereof. Borrower shall use its best efforts to ensure that all collections of Accounts are paid and delivered into the Restricted Revenue Account(s) with Wells Fargo and/or such other Restricted Revenue Account(s) as Bank may specify from time to time pursuant to the last sentence hereof. If an Event of Default has occurred, Bank may require that all proceeds of Accounts be deposited into a Restricted Revenue Account other than, or in addition to, the Restricted Revenue Account(s) with Wells Fargo pursuant to a Lockbox Agreement in form and substance acceptable to Bank.

(d) Returns. Provided no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, if any Account Debtor returns any Inventory to Borrower, Spruce, Thinq, or such other Affiliate of Borrower as Bank may designate from time to time, Borrower shall follow Borrower's customary practices as they exist at the execution of


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this Agreement. Borrower shall promptly notify Bank of all returns and recoveries that involve more than $500,000. In the event any attempted return occurs after the occurrence and during the continuance of any Event of Default, Borrower shall hold the returned Inventory in trust for Bank, and immediately notify Bank of the return of the Inventory.

(e) Verification. Bank may, from time to time, verify directly with the respective Account Debtors the validity, amount and other matters relating to the Accounts, either in the name of Borrower, Spruce, Thinq, any other Affiliate of Borrower as Bank may designate from time to time or Bank or such other name as Bank may choose.

(f) No Liability. Bank shall not be responsible or liable for any shortage or discrepancy in, damage to, or loss or destruction of, any goods, the sale or other disposition of which gives rise to an Account, or for any error, act, omission, or delay of any kind occurring in the settlement, failure to settle, collection or failure to collect any Account, or for settling any Account in good faith for less than the full amount thereof, nor shall Bank be deemed to be responsible for any of Borrower's obligations under any contract or agreement giving rise to an Account. Nothing herein shall, however, relieve Bank from liability for its own gross negligence or willful misconduct.

6.4 Remittance of Proceeds. Except as otherwise provided in Sections 6.3(c), 6.7 and 9.4, deliver, in kind, all proceeds arising from the disposition of any Collateral to Bank in the original form in which received by Borrower not later than the following Business Day after receipt by Borrower, to be applied to the Obligations pursuant to the terms of Section 9.4 hereof; provided that, if no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, Borrower shall not be obligated to remit to Bank the proceeds of the sale of Equipment disposed of by Borrower in good faith in an arm's length transaction for an aggregate purchase price of $50,000 or less (for all such transactions in any fiscal year). Borrower agrees that it will not commingle proceeds of Collateral with any of Borrower's other funds or property, but will hold such proceeds separate and apart from such other funds and property and in an express trust for Bank. Nothing in this Section limits the restrictions on disposition of Collateral set forth elsewhere in this Agreement.

6.5 Taxes; Pensions. Timely file all required tax returns and reports and timely pay all foreign, federal, state and local taxes, assessments, deposits and contributions owed by Borrower except for deferred payment of any taxes contested pursuant to the terms of Section 5.9 hereof, and pay all amounts necessary to fund all present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plans in accordance with their terms, except as permitted by Section 5.9 with respect to Borrower's liability in an amount not to exceed $350,000 in connection with the Centra Acquisition, for which adequate reserves have been established if so required by GAAP.

6.6 Access to Collateral; Books and Records.

(a) At reasonable times, on one (1) Business Day's notice (provided no notice is required if an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing), Bank, or its agents, shall have the right to inspect the Collateral and the right to audit and copy Borrower's Books, subject to Bank's confidentiality obligations in Section 12.9. The foregoing inspections and audits shall be at Borrower's expense, and the charge therefor shall be $750 per person per day (or such higher amount as shall represent Bank's then-current standard charge for the same), plus reasonable out-of-pocket expenses (collectively, the "Borrower Audit Fees"). Provided that no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, then (i) such audits and inspections by Bank shall be performed only on a semi-annual basis, and (ii) the Borrower Audit Fees, together with any and all Guarantor Audit Fees, shall be limited in the aggregate amount of no more than $15,000 per annum.

(b) Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event Borrower and Bank schedule an audit more than five (5) days in advance, and Borrower cancels or seeks to reschedules the audit with less than five (5) days written notice to Bank, then (without limiting any of Bank's rights or remedies), Borrower shall pay Bank a fee of $1,000 plus any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Bank to compensate Bank for the anticipated costs and expenses of the cancellation or rescheduling.

6.7 Insurance. Keep its business and the Collateral insured for risks and in amounts standard for companies in Borrower's industry and location and as Bank may reasonably request. Insurance policies shall be with financially sound and reputable insurance companies. All property policies shall have a lender's loss payable endorsement showing Bank as an additional loss payee and waive subrogation against Bank, and all liability policies shall show, or have endorsements showing, Bank as an additional insured. All policies (or the loss payable and


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additional insured endorsements) shall provide that the insurer must give Bank at least thirty (30) days notice (or ten (10) days notice in the case of cancellation for non-payment of premium) before canceling, materially amending, or declining to renew its policy. At Bank's request, Borrower shall deliver certified copies of policies and evidence of all premium payments. So long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, Borrower shall have the option of applying the proceeds of any casualty policy to the replacement or repair of destroyed or damaged property; provided, that, after the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, proceeds payable under any policy shall, at Bank's option, be payable to Bank on account of the Obligations. If Borrower fails to obtain insurance as required under this Section 6.7 or to pay any amount or furnish any required proof of payment to third persons and Bank, Bank may make all or part of such payment or obtain such insurance policies required in this Section 6.7, and take any action under the policies Bank deems prudent.

6.8 Operating Accounts.

(a) Until the Revolving Line Maturity Date, Borrower will maintain an amount of not less than $6,000,000 of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents in a deposit account and/or money market account with Bank or a Bank Affiliate. If Borrower fails to comply with the terms of this Section 6.8(a) at any time, Borrower shall pay to Bank within three (3) days after the initial date such non-compliance occurs, a one-time, non-refundable fee equal to the amount set forth below for the period such non-compliance occurs (the "Deposit Fee"); provided, however, once Borrower pays the Deposit Fee, Bank shall not require Borrower to pay another such Deposit Fee. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, so long as Borrower pays the Deposit Fee as and when due, Borrower's failure to maintain an amount of not less than $6,000,000 of unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents in a deposit account and/or money market account with Bank or a Bank Affiliate shall not be deemed an Event of Default hereunder or a breach of this Section 6.8(a).


Period

   Deposit Fee

Effective Date until January 30, 2007

   $ 100,000

January 31, 2007 until January 30, 2008

   $ 75,000

January 31, 2008 until the Revolving Line Maturity Date

   $ 25,000

(b) Maintain its and its Subsidiaries' depository, operating and securities accounts with Bank and Bank's Affiliates, which exist with Bank and Bank's Affiliates on the Effective Date.

(c) Provide Bank five (5) days prior written notice before Borrower, Spruce, Thinq or such other Affiliate of Borrower as Bank may designate from time to time establishes any Collateral Account at or with any bank or financial institution other than Bank or its Affiliates. In addition, for each Collateral Account that Borrower, or such other Person mentioned in the preceding sentence, at any time maintains, Borrower shall cause the applicable bank or financial institution (other than Bank) at or with which any such Collateral Account is maintained to execute and deliver a Control Agreement or other appropriate instrument with respect to such Collateral Account to perfect Bank's Lien in such Collateral Account in accordance with the terms hereunder. The provisions of this Section 6.8(c) shall not apply to deposit accounts exclusively used for payroll, payroll taxes and other employee wage and benefit payments to or for the benefit of Borrower's employees and identified to Bank by Borrower as such.

6.9 Financial Covenants.

Borrower shall maintain, to be tested as of the last day of each month, unless otherwise noted, on a consolidated basis with respect to Borrower and its Subsidiaries:

(a) Liquidity. On the last day of each month, Borrower shall have a minimum of $6,000,000 in unrestricted balance sheet cash and Cash Equivalents (net of amounts outstanding under the Term Loan).

(b) EBITDA. Maintain, measured as of the end of each fiscal quarter during the following periods, EBITDA of at least the following:


Period

   Minimum EBITDA

Effective Date until February 28, 2006

   $ 500,000

March 1, 2006 and thereafter

   $ 750,000

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6.10 Protection of Intellectual Property Rights. Borrower shall (and shall cause its Subsidiaries) as Borrower deems reasonably appropriate and consistent with past practice (a) protect, defend and maintain the validity and enforceability of its and its Subsidiaries' material intellectual property; and (b) not allow any intellectual property material to Borrower's and/or any of its Subsidiaries' business to be abandoned, forfeited or dedicated to the public without Bank's written consent, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld. Borrower shall promptly advise Bank in writing of material infringements of its or any of its Subsidiary's intellectual property known by its Responsible Officers or its general counsel;

6.11 Litigation Cooperation. From the date hereof and continuing through the termination of this Agreement, make available to Bank, without expense to Bank, Borrower and its officers, employees and agents and Borrower's books and records, to the extent that Bank may deem them reasonably necessary to prosecute or defend any third-party suit or proceeding instituted by or against Bank with respect to any Collateral or relating to Borrower.

6.12 Further Assurances. Borrower shall execute any further instruments and take further action as Bank reasonably requests to perfect or continue Bank's Lien in the Collateral or to effect the purposes of this Agreement.

7 NEGATIVE COVENANTS

Borrower shall not do any of the following without Bank's prior written consent:

7.1 Dispositions. Convey, sell, lease, transfer or otherwise dispose of (collectively, "Transfer"), or permit any of its Subsidiaries to Transfer, all or any part of its business or property, except for Transfers (a) of Inventory in the ordinary course of business; (b) of worn-out or obsolete Equipment; (c) in connection with Permitted Liens and Permitted Investments; (d) of non-exclusive licenses for the use of the property of Borrower or its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business and licenses that could not result in a legal transfer of title of the licensed property but that may be exclusive in respects other than territory and that may be exclusive as to territory only as to discreet geographical areas outside of the United States; (e) subleases of real property; and (f) other Transfer not to exceed $250,000 in the aggregate in any fiscal year.

7.2 Changes in Business, Control, or Business Locations. (a) Engage in or permit any of its Subsidiaries to engage in any business other than the businesses currently engaged in by Borrower and such Subsidiary, as applicable, or reasonably related thereto; (b) liquidate or dissolve; or (c) permit or suffer any Change in Control. Borrower shall not, without at least ten (10) days prior written notice to Bank: (1) add any new offices or business locations, including warehouses, unless such new offices or business locations (A) are related to the Centra Acquisition and have been disclosed to Bank prior to the Effective Date, or (B) contain less than Twenty-Five Thousand Dollars ($25,000) in Borrower's assets or property; (2) change its jurisdiction of organization; (3) change its organizational structure or type; (4) change its legal name; or (5) change any organizational number (if any) assigned by its jurisdiction of organization.

7.3 Mergers or Acquisitions. Merge or consolidate, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to merge or consolidate, with any other Person, or acquire, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to acquire, all or substantially all of the capital stock or property of another Person, except where (a) (i) such merger, consolidation and/or acquisition is in connection with the Centra Acquisition, (ii) no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would exist after giving effect to the Centra Acquisition; and (iii) Borrower continues as a surviving legal entity after giving effect to the Centra Acquisition, and (b) (i) the value of such transaction would not exceed 25% of Tangible Net Worth of Borrower or the transaction is all stock and the total consideration does not exceed 33% of Borrowers total shares outstanding at time of transaction, (ii) no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would exist after giving effect thereto; and (iii) Borrower or Subsidiary that is also a Guarantor (as the case may be) continues as a surviving legal entity after giving effect thereto. A Subsidiary may merge or consolidate into another Subsidiary or into Borrower, except that any Subsidiary which is also a Guarantor shall (i) only merge or consolidate into Borrower or another Subsidiary that is also a Guarantor, and (ii) give Bank at least 10 days notice prior to such merger or consolidation.


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7.4 Indebtedness. Create, incur, assume, or be liable for any Indebtedness, or permit any Subsidiary to do so, other than Permitted Indebtedness.

7.5 Encumbrance. Create, incur, or allow any Lien on any of its property, or assign or convey any right to receive income, including the sale of any Accounts, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do so, except for Permitted Liens, permit any Collateral not to be subject to the first priority security interest granted herein (subject only to Permitted Liens that may have superior priority to Bank's Lien under this Agreement), or enter into any agreement, document, instrument or other arrangement (except with or in favor of Bank) with any Person which directly or indirectly prohibits or has the effect of prohibiting Borrower or any Subsidiary from assigning, mortgaging, pledging, granting a security interest in or upon, or encumbering any of Borrower's or any Subsidiary's intellectual property, except as is otherwise permitted in Section 7.1 hereof and the definition of "Permitted Lien" herein.

7.6 Maintenance of Collateral Accounts. Maintain (or allow Spruce, Thinq or such other Affiliate as Bank may designate from time to time to maintain) any Collateral Account except pursuant to the terms of Section 6.8.(c) hereof.

7.7 Investments; Distributions. (a) Directly or indirectly make any Investment other than Permitted Investments, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do so; or (b) pay any dividends or make any distribution or payment or redeem, retire or purchase any capital stock provided that (i) Borrower may convert any of its convertible securities into other securities pursuant to the terms of such convertible securities or otherwise in exchange thereof, (ii) Borrower may pay dividends solely in common stock; and (iii) Borrower may repurchase the stock of former employees, directors or consultants pursuant to stock repurchase agreements so long as an Event of Default does not exist at the time of such repurchase and would not exist after giving effect to such repurchase, provided such repurchase does not exceed in the aggregate of $500,000 per fiscal year.

7.8 Transactions with Affiliates. Directly or indirectly enter into or permit to exist any material transaction with any Affiliate of Borrower, except for transactions that are in the ordinary course of Borrower's business, upon fair and reasonable terms that are no less favorable to Borrower than would be obtained in an arm's length transaction with a non-affiliated Person.

7.9 Subordinated Debt. (a) Make or permit any payment on any Subordinated Debt, except under the terms of the subordination, intercreditor, or other similar agreement to which such Subordinated Debt is subject, or (b) amend any provision in any document relating to the Subordinated Debt which would increase the amount thereof or adversely affect the subordination thereof to Obligations owed to Bank.

7.10 Compliance. Become an "investment company" or a company controlled by an "investment company", under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or undertake as one of its important activities extending credit to purchase or carry margin stock (as defined in Regulation U of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System), or use the proceeds of any Credit Extension for that purpose; fail to meet the minimum funding requirements of ERISA, permit a Reportable Event or Prohibited Transaction, as defined in ERISA, to occur; fail to comply with the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act or violate any other law or regulation, if the violation could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Borrower's business, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do so; withdraw or permit any Subsidiary to withdraw from participation in (other than with respect to Centra in connection with the Centra Acquisition), permit partial or complete termination of, or permit the occurrence of any other event with respect to, any present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plan which could reasonably be expected to result in any liability of Borrower, including any liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or its successors or any other governmental agency, other than liability of Borrower in an amount not to exceed $350,000 in connection with the Centra Acquisition, for which adequate reserves have been established if so required by GAAP.


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8 EVENTS OF DEFAULT

Any one of the following shall constitute an event of default (an "Event of Default") under this Agreement:

8.1 Payment Default. Borrower fails to (a) make any payment of principal or interest on any Credit Extension on its due date, or (b) pay any other Obligations within three (3) Business Days after such Obligations are due and payable. During the cure period, the failure to cure the payment default is not an Event of Default (but no Credit Extension will be made during the cure period);

8.2 Covenant Default.

(a) Borrower fails or neglects to perform any obligation in Sections 6.1(c), 6.2, 6.3(c) 6.7, 6.8, 6.9 or 6.12, or violates any covenant in Section 7; or

(b) Borrower fails or neglects to perform, keep, or observe any other term, provision, condition, covenant or agreement contained in this Agreement, any Loan Documents, and as to any default (other than those specified in Section 8 below) under such other term, provision, condition, covenant or agreement that can be cured, has failed to cure the default within ten (10) days after the occurrence thereof; provided, however, that if the default cannot by its nature be cured within the ten (10) day period or cannot after diligent attempts by Borrower be cured within such ten (10) day period, and such default is likely to be cured within a reasonable time, then Borrower shall have an additional period (which shall not in any case exceed thirty (30) days) to attempt to cure such default, and within such reasonable time period the failure to cure the default shall not be deemed an Event of Default (but no Credit Extensions shall be made during such cure period). Grace periods provided under this section shall not apply, among other things, to financial covenants or any other covenants set forth in subsection (a) above;

8.3 Material Adverse Change. A Material Adverse Change occurs;

8.4 Attachment. (a) Any material portion of Borrower's assets is attached, seized, levied on, or comes into possession of a trustee or receiver and the attachment, seizure or levy is not removed in ten (10) days; (b) the service of process upon Borrower seeking to attach, by trustee or similar process, any funds of Borrower on deposit with Bank, or any entity under control of Bank (including a subsidiary); (c) Borrower is enjoined, restrained, or prevented by court order from conducting a material part of its business; (d) a judgment or other claim in excess of $150,000 becomes a Lien on any of Borrower's assets; or (e) a notice of lien, levy, or assessment is filed against any of Borrower's assets by any government agency and not paid within ten (10) days after Borrower receives notice. These are not Events of Default if stayed or if a bond is posted pending contest by Borrower (but no Credit Extensions shall be made during the cure period);

8.5 Insolvency. (a) Borrower is unable to pay its debts (including trade debts) as they become due or otherwise becomes insolvent; (b) Borrower begins an Insolvency Proceeding; or (c) an Insolvency Proceeding is begun against Borrower and not dismissed or stayed within thirty (30) days (but no Credit Extensions shall be made while of any of the conditions described in clause (a) exist and/or until any Insolvency Proceeding is dismissed);

8.6 Other Agreements. There is a default in any agreement to which Borrower or any Guarantor is a party with a third party or parties resulting in a right by such third party or parties, whether or not exercised, to accelerate the maturity of any Indebtedness in an amount in excess of Two Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($250,000) or that could have a material adverse effect on Borrower's or any Guarantor's business;

8.7 Judgments. A judgment or judgments for the payment of money in an amount, individually or in the aggregate, of at least Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($500,000) (not covered by independent third-party insurance) shall be rendered against Borrower and shall remain unsatisfied and unstayed for a period of ten (10) days after the entry thereof (provided that no Credit Extensions will be made prior to the satisfaction or stay of such judgment);

8.8 Misrepresentations. Borrower or any Person acting for Borrower makes any representation, warranty, or other statement now or later in this Agreement, any Loan Document or in any writing delivered to Bank or to induce Bank to enter this Agreement or any Loan Document, and such representation, warranty, or other statement is incorrect in any material respect when made;

8.9 Subordinated Debt. A default or breach in any material respect occurs under any agreement between Borrower and any creditor of Borrower that signed a subordination, intercreditor, or other similar agreement with Bank, or any creditor that has signed such an agreement with Bank breaches any terms of such agreement; or


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8.10 Guaranty. (a) Any guaranty of any Obligations terminates or ceases for any reason to be in full force and effect; (b) any Guarantor does not perform or breaches any obligation, covenant, representation or warranty in any material respect under any guaranty and/or security agreement relating to the Obligations, or any Loan Document to which it is a party; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not excuse any Guarantor from timely performing all obligations and covenants under such agreements; (d) any circumstance described in Sections 8.4, 8.5, 8.7, or 8.8. occurs with respect to any Guarantor, (e) the liquidation, winding up, or termination of existence of any Guarantor, and (f) (i) a material impairment in the perfection or priority of Bank's Lien in the collateral provided by Guarantor or in the value of such collateral or (ii) a material adverse change in the business, operations, or condition (financial or otherwise) or the prospect of repayment of the Obligations occurs with respect to any Guarantor, other than any such material adverse change that occurs as a result of a transfer of such Guarantor's cash and other assets solely to Borrower.

9 BANK's RIGHTS AND REMEDIES

9.1 Rights and Remedies. While an Event of Default occurs and continues Bank may, without notice or demand, do any or all of the following:

(a) declare all Obligations immediately due and payable (but if an Event of Default described in Section 8.5 occurs all Obligations are immediately due and payable without any action by Bank);

(b) stop advancing money or extending credit for Borrower's benefit under this Agreement or under any other agreement between Borrower and Bank;

(c) demand that Borrower (i) deposits cash with Bank in an amount equal to the aggregate amount of any Letters of Credit remaining undrawn, as collateral security for the repayment of any future drawings under such Letters of Credit, and Borrower shall forthwith deposit and pay such amounts, and (ii) pay in advance all Letter of Credit fees scheduled to be paid or payable over the remaining term of any Letters of Credit;

(d) terminate any FX Contracts;

(e) settle or adjust disputes and claims directly with Account Debtors for amounts on terms and in any order that Bank considers advisable, notify any Person owing Borrower money of Bank's security interest in such funds, and verify the amount of such account;

(f) make any payments and do any acts it considers necessary or reasonable to protect the Collateral and/or its security interest in the Collateral. Borrower shall assemble the Collateral if Bank requests and make it available as Bank designates. Bank may enter premises where the Collateral is located, take and maintain possession of any part of the Collateral, and pay, purchase, contest, or compromise any Lien which appears to be prior or superior to its security interest and pay all expenses incurred. Borrower grants Bank a license to enter and occupy any of its premises, without charge, to exercise any of Bank's rights or remedies;

(g) apply to the Obligations any (i) balances and deposits of Borrower it holds, or (ii) any amount held by Bank owing to or for the credit or the account of Borrower;

(h) ship, reclaim, recover, store, finish, maintain, repair, prepare for sale, advertise for sale, and sell the Collateral. Bank is hereby granted a non-exclusive, royalty-free license or other right to use, without charge, Borrower's labels, patents, copyrights, mask works, rights of use of any name, trade secrets, trade names, trademarks, service marks, and advertising matter, or any similar property as it pertains to the Collateral, in completing production of, advertising for sale, and selling any Collateral and, in connection with Bank's exercise of its rights under this Section, Borrower's rights under all licenses and all franchise agreements inure to Bank's benefit;

(i) place a "hold" on any account maintained with Bank and/or deliver a notice of exclusive control, any entitlement order, or other directions or instructions pursuant to any Control Agreement or similar agreements providing control of any Collateral;

(j) demand and receive possession of Borrower's Books; and


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(k) exercise all rights and remedies available to Bank under the Loan Documents or at law or equity, including all remedies provided under the Code (including disposal of the Collateral pursuant to the terms thereof).

9.2 Power of Attorney. Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints Bank as its lawful attorney-in-fact, exercisable upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, to: (a) endorse Borrower's name on any checks or other forms of payment or security; (b) sign Borrower's name on any invoice or bill of lading for any Account or drafts against Account Debtors; (c) settle and adjust disputes and claims about the Accounts directly with Account Debtors, for amounts and on terms Bank determines reasonable; (d) make, settle, and adjust all claims under Borrower's insurance policies; (e) pay, contest or settle any Lien, charge, encumbrance, security interest, and adverse claim in or to the Collateral, or any judgment based thereon, or otherwise take any action to terminate or discharge the same; and (f) transfer the Collateral into the name of Bank or a third party as the Code permits. Borrower hereby appoints Bank as its lawful attorney-in-fact to sign Borrower's name on any documents necessary to perfect or continue the perfection of any security interest regardless of whether an Event of Default has occurred until all Obligations have been satisfied in full and Bank is under no further obligation to make Credit Extensions hereunder. Bank's foregoing appointment as Borrower's attorney in fact, and all of Bank's rights and powers, coupled with an interest, are irrevocable until all Obligations have been fully repaid and performed and Bank's obligation to provide Credit Extensions terminates.

9.3 Protective Payments. If Borrower fails to obtain the insurance called for by Section 6.7 or fails to pay any premium thereon or fails to pay any other amount which Borrower is obligated to pay under this Agreement or any other Loan Document, Bank may obtain such insurance or make such payment, and all amounts so paid by Bank are Bank Expenses and immediately due and payable, bearing interest at the then highest applicable rate, and secured by the Collateral. Bank will make reasonable efforts to provide Borrower with notice of Bank obtaining such insurance at the time it is obtained or within a reasonable time thereafter. No payments by Bank are deemed an agreement to make similar payments in the future or Bank's waiver of any Event of Default.

9.4 Application of Payments and Proceeds.

(a) Bank shall collect all funds held in the Restricted Revenue Account(s) on a daily basis in accordance with the Wells Fargo Lockbox Agreement and/or such other Lockbox Agreements then in effect (the "Lockbox Sweep"), and shall apply such funds in a manner consistent with the terms of this Section 9.4 and Section 2.3, unless a Static Balance Option (as defined below) is in effect.

(b) A "Static Balance Option" is the option of Borrower to have Bank suspend the Lockbox Sweep, which option shall be available only when the Monthly Reporting Option is available and in effect. If a Static Balance Option is in effect, then Bank shall suspend the Lockbox Sweep in accordance with the terms of the Lockbox Agreements, and Borrower shall have access to such Restricted Revenue Accounts.

(c) Subject to the provisions of subsection (a) above, Bank shall apply any funds in its possession, whether from Borrower account balances, payments, or proceeds realized as the result of any collection of Accounts or other disposition of the Collateral, first, to the principal of the Term Loan then due and the Advances; second, to Bank Expenses, including without limitation, the reasonable costs, expenses, liabilities, obligations and attorneys' fees incurred by Bank in the exercise of its rights under this Agreement; third, to the interest due upon any of the Obligations; and finally, to any applicable fees and other charges then due, in such order as Bank shall determine in its sole discretion. Any surplus shall be paid to Borrower by credit to the Designated Deposit Account or other Persons legally entitled thereto; Borrower shall remain liable to Bank for any deficiency.

(d) If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, Bank may apply any funds in its possession, whether from Borrower account balances, payments, proceeds realized as the result of any collection of Accounts or other disposition of the Collateral, or otherwise, to the Obligations in such order as Bank shall determine in its sole discretion. Any surplus shall be paid to Borrower by credit to the Designated Deposit Account or to other Persons legally entitled thereto; Borrower shall remain liable to Bank for any deficiency. If Bank, in its good faith business judgment, directly or indirectly enters into a deferred payment or other credit transaction with any purchaser at any sale of Collateral, Bank shall have the option, exercisable at any time, of either reducing the Obligations by the principal amount of the purchase price or deferring the reduction of the Obligations until the actual receipt by Bank of cash therefor


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9.5 Bank's Liability for Collateral. So long as Bank complies with reasonable banking practices regarding the safekeeping of the Collateral in the possession or under the control of Bank, Bank shall not be liable or responsible for: (a) the safekeeping of the Collateral; (b) any loss or damage to the Collateral; (c) any diminution in the value of the Collateral; or (d) any act or default of any carrier, warehouseman, bailee, or other Person. Borrower bears all risk of loss, damage or destruction of the Collateral.

9.6 No Waiver; Remedies Cumulative. Bank's failure, at any time or times, to require strict performance by Borrower of any provision of this Agreement or any other Loan Document shall not waive, affect, or diminish any right of Bank thereafter to demand strict performance and compliance herewith or therewith. No waiver hereunder shall be effective unless signed by Bank and then is only effective for the specific instance and purpose for which it is given. Bank's rights and remedies under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents are cumulative. Bank has all rights and remedies provided under the Code, by law, or in equity. Bank's exercise of one right or remedy is not an election, and Bank's waiver of any Event of Default is not a continuing waiver. Bank's delay in exercising any remedy is not a waiver, election, or acquiescence.

9.7 Demand Waiver. Except for sections in this Agreement that expressly provide for notice to Borrower, Borrower waives demand, notice of default or dishonor, notice of payment and nonpayment, notice of any default, nonpayment at maturity, release, compromise, settlement, extension, or renewal of accounts, documents, instruments, chattel paper, and guarantees held by Bank on which Borrower is liable.

10 NOTICES

All notices, consents, requests, approvals, demands, or other communication (collectively, "Communication"), other than Advance requests made pursuant to Section 3.4, by any party to this Agreement or any other Loan Document must be in writing and be delivered or sent by facsimile at the addresses or facsimile numbers listed below. Bank or Borrower may change its notice address by giving the other party written notice thereof. Each such Communication shall be deemed to have been validly served, given, or delivered: (a) upon the earlier of actual receipt and three (3) Business Days after deposit in the U.S. mail, registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, with proper postage prepaid; (b) upon transmission, when sent by facsimile transmission (with such facsimile promptly confirmed by delivery of a copy by personal delivery or United States mail as otherwise provided in this Section 10); (c) one (1) Business Day after deposit with a reputable overnight courier with all charges prepaid; or (d) when delivered, if hand-delivered by messenger, all of which shall be addressed to the party to be notified and sent to the address or facsimile number indicated below. Advance requests made pursuant to Section 3.4 must be in writing and may be in the form of electronic mail, delivered to Bank by Borrower at the e-mail address of Bank provided below and shall be deemed to have been validly served, given, or delivered when sent (with such electronic mail promptly confirmed by delivery of a copy by personal delivery or United States mail as otherwise provided in this Section 10). Bank or Borrower may change its address, facsimile number, or electronic mail address by giving the other party written notice thereof in accordance with the terms of this Section 10.


If to Borrower:  

Saba Software, Inc.

2400 Bridge Parkway

Redwood Shores, CA 94065

Attn: Pete Williams, CFO

Fax: (650) 581-2647

Email: pwilliams@saba.com

If to Bank:  

Silicon Valley Bank

3003 Tasman Drive

Santa Clara, CA 95054

Attn: Nick Tsiagkas

Fax: (650) 320-0016

Email: ntsiagka@svbank.com

11 CHOICE OF LAW, VENUE AND JURY TRIAL WAIVER

California law governs the Loan Documents without regard to principles of conflicts of law. Borrower and Bank each submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the State and Federal courts in Santa Clara County, California;


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provided, however, that nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to operate to preclude Bank from bringing suit or taking other legal action in any other jurisdiction to realize on the Collateral or any other security for the Obligations, or to enforce a judgment or other court order in favor of Bank. Borrower expressly submits and consents in advance to such jurisdiction in any action or suit commenced in any such court, and Borrower hereby waives any objection that it may have based upon lack of personal jurisdiction, improper venue, or forum non conveniens and hereby consents to the granting of such legal or equitable relief as is deemed appropriate by such court. Borrower hereby waives personal service of the summons, complaints, and other process issued in such action or suit and agrees that service of such summons, complaints, and other process may be made by registered or certified mail addressed to Borrower at the address set forth in Section 10 of this Agreement and that service so made shall be deemed completed upon the earlier to occur of Borrower's actual receipt thereof or three (3) days after deposit in the U.S. mails, proper postage prepaid.

BORROWER AND BANK EACH WAIVE THEIR RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL OF ANY CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING OUT OF OR BASED UPON THIS AGREEMENT, THE LOAN DOCUMENTS OR ANY CONTEMPLATED TRANSACTION, INCLUDING CONTRACT, TORT, BREACH OF DUTY AND ALL OTHER CLAIMS. THIS WAIVER IS A MATERIAL INDUCEMENT FOR BOTH PARTIES TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT. EACH PARTY HAS REVIEWED THIS WAIVER WITH ITS COUNSEL.

12 GENERAL PROVISIONS

12.1 Successors and Assigns. This Agreement binds and is for the benefit of the successors and permitted assigns of each party. Borrower may not assign this Agreement or any rights or obligations under it without Bank's prior written consent (which may be granted or withheld in Bank's discretion). Bank has the right, without the consent of Borrower, to sell, transfer, negotiate, or grant participation in all or any part of, or any interest in, Bank's obligations, rights, and benefits under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents; provided, however, that Bank shall notify Borrower promptly after any such sale, transfer or grant of participations.

12.2 Indemnification. Borrower agrees to indemnify, defend and hold Bank and its directors, officers, employees, agents, attorneys, or any other Person affiliated with or representing Bank harmless against: (a) all obligations, demands, claims, and liabilities (collectively, "Claims") asserted by any other party in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents; and (b) all losses or Bank Expenses incurred, or paid by Bank from, following, or arising from transactions between Bank and Borrower (including reasonable attorneys' fees and expenses), except for Claims and/or losses directly caused by Bank's gross negligence or willful misconduct.

12.3 Limitation of Actions. Any claim or cause of action by Borrower against Bank, its directors, officers, employees, agents, accountants, attorneys, or any other Person affiliated with or representing Bank based upon, arising from, or relating to this Loan Agreement or any other Loan Document, or any other transaction contemplated hereby or thereby or relating hereto or thereto, or any other matter, cause or thing whatsoever, occurred, done, omitted or suffered to be done by Bank, its directors, officers, employees, agents, accountants or attorneys, shall be barred unless asserted by Borrower by the commencement of an action or proceeding in a court of competent jurisdiction by the filing of a complaint within one year after the first act, occurrence or omission upon which such claim or cause of action, or any part thereof, is based, and the service of a summons and complaint on an officer of Bank, or on any other person authorized to accept service on behalf of Bank, within thirty (30) days thereafter. Borrower agrees that such one-year period is a reasonable and sufficient time for Borrower to investigate and act upon any such claim or cause of action. The one-year period provided herein shall not be waived, tolled, or extended except by the written consent of Bank in its sole discretion. This provision shall survive any termination of this Loan Agreement or any other Loan Document.

12.4 Time of Essence. Time is of the essence for the performance of all Obligations in this Agreement.

12.5 Severability of Provisions. Each provision of this Agreement is severable from every other provision in determining the enforceability of any provision.

12.6 Amendments in Writing; Integration. All amendments to this Agreement must be in writing signed by both Bank and Borrower. This Agreement and the Loan Documents represent the entire agreement about


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this subject matter and supersede prior negotiations or agreements. All prior agreements, understandings, representations, warranties, and negotiations between the parties about the subject matter of this Agreement and the Loan Documents merge into this Agreement and the Loan Documents.

12.7 Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts and by different parties on separate counterparts, each of which, when executed and delivered, are an original, and all taken together, constitute one Agreement.

12.8 Survival. All covenants, representations and warranties made in this Agreement continue in full force until this Agreement has terminated pursuant to its terms and all Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations and any other obligations which, by their terms, are to survive the termination of this Agreement) have been satisfied. The obligation of Borrower in Section 12.2 to indemnify Bank shall survive until the statute of limitations with respect to such claim or cause of action shall have run.

12.9 Confidentiality. In handling any confidential information, Bank shall exercise the same degree of care that it exercises for its own proprietary information, but disclosure of information may be made: (a) to Bank's Subsidiaries or Affiliates; (b) to prospective transferees or purchasers of any interest in the Credit Extensions (provided, however, Bank shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain such prospective transferee's or purchaser's agreement to the terms of this provision); (c) as required by law, regulation, subpoena, or other order; (d) to Bank's regulators or as otherwise required in connection with Bank's examination or audit; and (e) as Bank considers appropriate in exercising remedies under this Agreement. Confidential information does not include information that either: (i) is in the public domain or in Bank's possession when disclosed to Bank, or becomes part of the public domain after disclosure to Bank; or (ii) is disclosed to Bank by a third party, if Bank does not know that the third party is prohibited from disclosing the information.

12.10 Attorneys' Fees, Costs and Expenses. In any action or proceeding between Borrower and Bank arising out of or relating to the Loan Documents, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable attorneys' fees and other reasonable costs and expenses incurred, in addition to any other relief to which it may be entitled.

13 DEFINITIONS

13.1 Definitions. As used in this Agreement, the following terms have the following meanings:

"Account" is any "account" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes, without limitation, all accounts receivable and other sums owing to Borrower, Spruce, Thinq, and/or such other Affiliate of Borrower that Bank may designate from time to time.

"Account Debtor" is any "account debtor" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.

"Advance" or "Advances" means an advance (or advances) under the Revolving Line.

"Affiliate" of any Person is a Person that owns or controls directly or indirectly the Person, any Person that controls or is controlled by or is under common control with the Person, and each of that Person's senior executive officers, directors, partners and, for any Person that is a limited liability company, that Person's managers and members.

"Agreement" is defined in the preamble hereof.

"Availability Amount" is (a) the lesser of (i) the Revolving Line or (ii) the Borrowing Base minus (b) the amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit (including drawn but unreimbursed Letters of Credit) plus an amount equal to the Letter of Credit Reserves, minus (c) the FX Reserve, and minus (d) the outstanding principal balance of any Advances (including any amounts used for Cash Management Services).

"Bank" is defined in the preamble hereof.


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"Bank Expenses" are all reasonable audit fees and expenses (including Borrower Audit Fees), costs, expenses, and other fees (including reasonable attorneys' fees and expenses) for preparing, negotiating, administering, defending and enforcing the Loan Documents (including, without limitation, those incurred in connection with appeals or Insolvency Proceedings) or otherwise incurred with respect to Borrower in connection with the Loan Documents.

"Borrower" is defined in the preamble hereof.

"Borrower Audit Fees" is defined in Section 6.6(a).

"Books" are all books and records including ledgers, federal and state tax returns, records regarding assets or liabilities, the Collateral, business operations or financial condition, and all computer programs or storage or any equipment containing such information.

"Borrowing Base" is 80% of Eligible Accounts, as determined by Bank from Borrower's most recent Transaction Report; provided, however, that Bank may decrease the foregoing percentage in its good faith business judgment based on events, conditions, contingencies, or risks which, as determined by Bank, may adversely affect Collateral.

"Borrowing Resolutions" are, with respect to any Person, those resolutions substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit C.

"Business Day" is any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or a day on which Bank is closed.

"Cash Equivalents" means (a) marketable direct obligations issued or unconditionally guaranteed by the United States or any agency or any State thereof having maturities of not more than one (1) year from the date of acquisition; (b) commercial paper maturing no more than one (1) year after its creation and having the highest rating from either Standard & Poor's Ratings Group or Moody's Investors Service, Inc., (c) Bank's certificates of deposit issued maturing no more than one (1) year after issue; and (d) money market funds at least ninety-five percent (95%) of the assets of which constitute Cash Equivalents of the kinds described in clauses (a) through (c) of this definition.

"Cash Management Services" is defined in Section 2.1.4.

"Cash Management Services Sublimit" is defined in Section 2.1.4.

"Centra" is Centra Software, Inc., a Delaware corporation.

"Centra Acquisition" means the acquisition of Centra by Borrower pursuant to (i) that certain Agreement and Plan of Reorganization (the "Merger Agreement"), dated as of October 5, 2005 by and among Borrower, Spruce Acquisition Corporation, Spruce, Centra, and (ii) all other agreements, documents and instruments relating to and/or contemplated by the Merger Agreement.

"Change in Control" means any event, transaction, or occurrence as a result of which (a) any "person" (as such term is defined in Sections 3(a)(9) and 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as an amended (the "Exchange Act")), other than a trustee or other fiduciary holding securities under an employee benefit plan of Borrower, is or becomes a beneficial owner (within the meaning Rule 13d-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, of securities of Borrower, representing twenty-five percent (25%) or more of the combined voting power of Borrower's then outstanding securities; or (b) during any period of twelve consecutive calendar months, individuals who at the beginning of such period constituted the Board of Directors of Borrower (together with any new directors whose election by the Board of Directors of Borrower was approved by a vote of at least two-thirds of the directors then still in office who either were directions at the beginning of such period or whose election or nomination for election was previously so approved) cease for any reason other than death or disability to constitute a majority of the directors then in office.

"Code" is the Uniform Commercial Code, as the same may, from time to time, be enacted and in effect in the State of California; provided, that, to the extent that the Code is used to define any term herein or in any Loan Document and such term is defined differently in different Articles or Divisions of the Code, the definition of such term contained in Article or Division 9 shall govern; provided further, that in the event that, by reason of mandatory


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provisions of law, any or all of the attachment, perfection, or priority of, or remedies with respect to, Bank's Lien on any Collateral is governed by the Uniform Commercial Code in effect in a jurisdiction other than the State of California, the term "Code" shall mean the Uniform Commercial Code as enacted and in effect in such other jurisdiction solely for purposes on the provisions thereof relating to such attachment, perfection, priority, or remedies and for purposes of definitions relating to such provisions.

"Collateral" is any and all properties, rights and assets of Borrower described on Exhibit A.

"Collateral Account" is any Deposit Account, Securities Account, or Commodity Account.

"Commodity Account" is any "commodity account" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.

"Communication" is defined in Section 10.

"Compliance Certificate" is that certain certificate in the form attached hereto as Exhibit D.

"Contingent Obligation" is, for any Person, any direct or indirect liability, contingent or not, of that Person for (a) any indebtedness, lease, dividend, letter of credit or other obligation of another such as an obligation directly or indirectly guaranteed, endorsed, co-made, discounted or sold with recourse by that Person, or for which that Person is directly or indirectly liable; (b) any obligations for undrawn letters of credit for the account of that Person; and (c) all obligations from any interest rate, currency or commodity swap agreement, interest rate cap or collar agreement, or other agreement or arrangement designated to protect a Person against fluctuation in interest rates, currency exchange rates or commodity prices; but "Contingent Obligation" does not include endorsements in the ordinary course of business. The amount of a Contingent Obligation is the stated or determined amount of the primary obligation for which the Contingent Obligation is made or, if not determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability for it determined by the Person in good faith; but the amount may not exceed the maximum of the obligations under any guarantee or other support arrangement.

"Control Agreement" is any control agreement entered into among the depository institution at which Borrower (or Guarantor) maintains a Deposit Account or the securities intermediary or commodity intermediary at which Borrower (or Guarantor) maintains a Securities Account or a Commodity account, Borrower (or Guarantor), and Bank pursuant to which Bank obtains control (within the meaning of the Code) over such Deposit Account, Securities Account, or Commodity Account, any of which may be amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Credit Extension" is any Advance, Letter of Credit, Term Loan, FX Forward Contract, amount utilized for Cash Management Services, or any other extension of credit by Bank for Borrower's benefit.

"Default" means any event which with notice or passage of time or both, would constitute an Event of Default.

"Default Rate" is defined in Section 2.3(b).

"Deferred Revenue" is all amounts received or invoiced in advance of performance under contracts and not yet recognized as revenue.

"Deposit Account" is any "deposit account" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.

"Designated Deposit Account" is Borrower's deposit account, account number 3300368847, maintained with Bank.

"Dollars," "dollars" and "$" each mean lawful money of the United States.

"Domestic Subsidiary" means a Subsidiary organized under the laws of the United States or any state or territory thereof or the District of Columbia.


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"EBITDA" shall mean (a) Net Income, plus (b) Interest Expense, plus (c) to the extent deducted in the calculation of Net Income, depreciation expense and amortization expense, plus (d) income tax expense, plus (e) non-cash adjustments to deferred revenue in accordance with purchase accounting in connection with the Centra Acquisition.

"Effective Date" is the date Bank executes this Agreement and as indicated on the signature page hereof.

"Eligible Accounts" are Accounts which arise in the ordinary course of business that meet all Borrower's representations and warranties in Section 5.3. Bank reserves the right at any time and from time to time after the Effective Date, to adjust any of the criteria set forth below and to establish new criteria in its good faith business judgment, and will give Borrower notice of such changes. Unless Bank agrees otherwise in writing, Eligible Accounts shall not include:

(a) Accounts that the Account Debtor has not paid within ninety (90) days of invoice date;

(b) Accounts owing from an Account Debtor, fifty percent (50%) or more of whose Accounts have not been paid within ninety (90) days of invoice date;

(c) Credit balances over ninety (90) days from invoice date;

(d) Accounts owing from an Account Debtor, including Affiliates, whose total obligations to Borrower exceed twenty-five (25%) of all Accounts, for the amounts that exceed that percentage, unless Bank approves in writing;

(e) Accounts owing from an Account Debtor which does not have its principal place of business in the United States;

(f) Accounts owing from an Account Debtor which is a federal government entity or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof except for Accounts of the United States if Borrower has assigned its payment rights to Bank and the assignment has been acknowledged under the Federal Assignment of Claims Act of 1940, as amended;

(g) Accounts owing from an Account Debtor to the extent that Borrower (or such other holder of the Account) is indebted or obligated in any manner to the Account Debtor (as creditor, lessor, supplier or otherwise - sometimes called "contra" accounts, accounts payable, customer deposits or credit accounts), with the exception of customary credits, adjustments and/or discounts given to an Account Debtor by Borrower (or such other holder of the Account) in the ordinary course of its business;

(h) Accounts for demonstration or promotional equipment, or in which goods are consigned, or sold on a "sale guaranteed", "sale or return", "sale on approval", "bill and hold", or other terms if Account Debtor's payment may be conditional;

(i) Accounts for which the Account Debtor is Borrower's Affiliate, officer, employee, or agent;

(j) Accounts in which the Account Debtor disputes liability or makes any claim (but only up to the disputed or claimed amount), or if the Account Debtor is subject to an Insolvency Proceeding, or becomes insolvent, or goes out of business;

(k) Accounts for which Bank in its good faith business judgment determines collection to be doubtful; and

(l) other Accounts Bank deems ineligible in the exercise of its good faith business judgment.

"Equipment" is all "equipment" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes without limitation all machinery, fixtures, goods, vehicles (including motor vehicles and trailers), and any interest in any of the foregoing.

"ERISA" is the Employment Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and its regulations.


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"Event of Default" is defined in Section 8.

"Foreign Currency" means lawful money of a country other than the United States.

"Funding Date" is any date on which a Credit Extension is made to or on account of Borrower which shall be a Business Day.

"FX Business Day" is any day when (a) Bank's Foreign Exchange Department is conducting its normal business and (b) the Foreign Currency being purchased or sold by Borrower is available to Bank from the entity from which Bank shall buy or sell such Foreign Currency.

"FX Forward Contract" is defined in Section 2.1.3.

"FX Reserve" is defined in Section 2.1.3.

"GAAP" is generally accepted accounting principles set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board or in such other statements by such other Person as may be approved by a significant segment of the accounting profession, which are applicable to the circumstances as of the date of determination.

"General Intangibles" is all "general intangibles" as defined in the Code in effect on the date hereof with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes without limitation, all copyright rights, copyright applications, copyright registrations and like protections in each work of authorship and derivative work, whether published or unpublished, any patents, trademarks, service marks and, to the extent permitted under applicable law, any applications therefor, whether registered or not, any trade secret rights, including any rights to unpatented inventions, payment intangibles, royalties, contract rights, goodwill, franchise agreements, purchase orders, customer lists, route lists, telephone numbers, domain names, claims, income and other tax refunds, security and other deposits, options to purchase or sell real or personal property, rights in all litigation presently or hereafter pending (whether in contract, tort or otherwise), insurance policies (including without limitation key man, property damage, and business interruption insurance), payments of insurance and rights to payment of any kind.

"Guaranties" are (i) that certain Unconditional Guaranty and Security Agreement, dated as of the Effective Date, made by Spruce in favor of Bank, (ii) that certain Unconditional Guaranty and Security Agreement, dated as of the Effective Date, made by Thinq in favor of Bank; and (iii) any other present or future guaranty of the Obligation made by a Guarantor in favor of Bank in form and substance satisfactory to Bank.

"Guarantor" is any present or future guarantor of the Obligations, including Spruce and Thinq.

"Guarantor Audit Fees" is defined in the Guaranties.

"Indebtedness" is (a) indebtedness for borrowed money or the deferred price of property or services, such as reimbursement and other obligations for surety bonds and letters of credit, (b) obligations evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or similar instruments, (c) capital lease obligations, and (d) Contingent Obligations.

"Insolvency Proceeding" is any proceeding by or against any Person under the United States Bankruptcy Code, or any other bankruptcy or insolvency law, including assignments for the benefit of creditors, compositions, extensions generally with its creditors, or proceedings seeking reorganization, arrangement, or other relief.

"Interest Expense" means for any fiscal period, interest expense (whether cash or non-cash) determined in accordance with GAAP for the relevant period ending on such date, including, in any event, interest expense with respect to any Credit Extension and other Indebtedness of Borrower and any of its Subsidiaries, including, without limitation or duplication, all commissions, discounts, or related amortization and other fees and charges with respect to letters of credit and bankers' acceptance financing and the net costs associated with interest rate swap, cap, and similar arrangements, and the interest portion of any deferred payment obligation (including leases of all types).

"Inventory" is all "inventory" as defined in the Code in effect on the date hereof with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes without limitation all merchandise, raw materials, parts, supplies,


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packing and shipping materials, work in process and finished products, including without limitation such inventory as is temporarily out of Borrower's (or, if referring to another Person, to such other Personís) custody or possession or in transit and including any returned goods and any documents of title representing any of the above.

"Investment" is any beneficial ownership interest in any Person (including stock, partnership interest or other securities), and any loan, advance or capital contribution to any Person.

"Letter of Credit" means a documentary or standby letter of credit issued by Bank or another institution based upon an application, guarantee, indemnity or similar agreement on the part of Bank as set forth in Section 2.1.2.

"Letter of Credit Application" is defined in Section 2.1.2(a).

"Letter of Credit Reserve" has the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.2(d).

"Lien" is a mortgage, lien, deed of trust, charge, pledge, security interest or other encumbrance.

"Loan Documents" are, collectively, this Agreement, the Guaranties, the Perfection Certificates, the Wells Fargo Lockbox Agreement, any other lockbox agreement, any note, or notes, or guaranties, or security agreements, or Control Agreements executed by Borrower or any Guarantor, and any other present or future agreement, document or instruments executed by Borrower or any Guarantor for the benefit of Bank in connection with this Agreement, all as amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time.

"Lockbox Agreement(s)" are those agreements, acceptable to Bank, governing any lockbox arrangement(s) of Borrower and/or such other Person covering any Restricted Revenue Account, and which include, but are not limited to, the Wells Fargo Lockbox Agreements.

"Lockbox Sweep" is defined in Section 9.4.

"Material Adverse Change" is (a) a material impairment in the perfection or priority of Bank's Lien in the Collateral or in the value of such Collateral; (b) a material adverse change in the business, operations, or condition (financial or otherwise) of Borrower and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole; or (c) a material impairment of the prospect of repayment of any portion of the Obligations.

"Minimum Liquidity Amount" is any of (a) $3,000,000 or more of unrestricted cash or Cash Equivalents of Borrower on deposit with Bank or Bank's Affiliates (net of all Indebtedness to Bank), or (b) the Availability Amount is at least $3,000,000, or (c) an aggregate of at least $3,000,000 in (i) unrestricted cash or Cash Equivalents of Borrower on deposit with Bank or Bank's Affiliates (net of all Indebtedness to Bank) and (ii) the Availability Amount.

"Monthly Reporting Option" is defined in Section 6.2.

"Net Income" means, as calculated on a consolidated basis for Borrower and its Subsidiaries for any period as at any date of determination, the net profit (or loss), after provision for taxes, of Borrower and its Subsidiaries for such period taken as a single accounting period.

"Obligations" are Borrower's obligation to pay when due any debts, principal, interest, Bank Expenses and other amounts Borrower owes Bank now or later, whether under this Agreement, the Loan Documents, or otherwise, including, without limitation, all obligations relating to letters of credit, cash management services, and foreign exchange contracts, if any, and including interest accruing after Insolvency Proceedings begin and debts, liabilities, or obligations of Borrower assigned to Bank, and the performance of Borrower's duties under the Loan Documents.

"Operating Documents" are, for any Person, such Person's formation documents, as certified with the Secretary of State of such Person's state of formation on a date that is no earlier than 30 days prior to the Effective Date, and, (a) if such Person is a corporation, its bylaws in current form, (b) if such Person is a limited liability company, its limited liability company agreement (or similar agreement), and (c) if such Person is a partnership, its partnership agreement (or similar agreement), each of the foregoing with all current amendments or modifications thereto.


-24-


"Payment/Advance Form" is that certain form attached hereto as Exhibit B.

"Perfection Certificate" is defined in Section 5.1.

"Permitted Indebtedness" is:

(a) Borrower's or any Guarantor's Indebtedness to Bank under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents;

(b) Indebtedness existing on the Effective Date and shown on the Perfection Certificate;

(c) Subordinated Debt;

(d) unsecured Indebtedness to trade creditors and with respect to surety bonds and similar obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business;

(e) Indebtedness incurred as a result of endorsing negotiable instruments received in the ordinary course of business;

(f) Indebtedness secured by Permitted Liens; and

(g) extensions, refinancings, modifications, amendments and restatements of any items of Permitted Indebtedness (a) through (f) above, provided that the principal amount thereof is not increased or the terms thereof are not modified to impose more burdensome terms upon Borrower or its Subsidiary, as the case may be.

"Permitted Investments" are:

(a) Investments shown on the Perfection Certificate and existing on the Effective Date;

(b) (i) Cash Equivalents and (ii) any Investments permitted by Borrower's investment policy, as amended from time to time, provided that such investment policy (and any such amendment thereto) has been approved by Bank;

(c) Investments consisting of the endorsement of negotiable instruments for deposit or collection or similar transactions in the ordinary course of Borrower or its Subsidiaries;

(d) Investments consisting of deposit accounts in which Bank has a perfected security interest;

(e) Investments accepted in connection with Transfers permitted by Section 7.1;

(f) (i) Investments of Borrower and Guarantors into Borrower and other Guarantors and (ii) Investments of Borrower and Guarantors into Subsidiaries that are not Guarantors not to exceed $500,000 in the aggregate in any fiscal year, (iii) Investments of Subsidiaries that are not Guarantors in Borrower or other Subsidiaries, but if such Investments are in the form of loans then the obligations thereunder are subordinated to Bank and the repayment of the Obligations, and (iv) Investments of Borrower that are advances to repay the Prior Loans of Centra under the Prior Loan Documents solely with proceeds of the Term Loan;

(g) Investments consisting of (i) travel advances and employee relocation loans and other employee loans and advances in the ordinary course of business, and (ii) loans to employees, officers or directors relating to the purchase of equity securities of Borrower or its Subsidiaries pursuant to employee stock purchase plans or agreements approved by Borrower's Board of Directors;

(h) Investments (including debt obligations) received in connection with the bankruptcy or reorganization of customers or suppliers and in settlement of delinquent obligations of, and other disputes with, customers or suppliers arising in the ordinary course of business;


-25-


(i) Investments consisting of notes receivable of, or prepaid royalties and other credit extensions, to customers and suppliers who are not Affiliates, in the ordinary course of business; provided that this paragraph (i) shall not apply to Investments of Borrower in any Subsidiary; and

(j) other Investments not otherwise permitted by Section 7.7 not exceeding $250,000 in the aggregate outstanding at any time.

"Permitted Liens" are:

(a) Liens existing on the Effective Date and shown on the Perfection Certificates or arising under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents;

(b) Liens for taxes, fees, assessments or other government charges or levies, either not delinquent or being contested in good faith and for which Borrower (or, if referring to another Person, to such other Person) maintains adequate reserves on its Books, if they have no priority over any of Bank's Liens;

(c) purchase money Liens (i) on Equipment acquired or held by Borrower and/or any Subsidiary that is also Guarantor incurred for financing the acquisition of the Equipment securing no more than $1,000,000 in the aggregate amount outstanding, or (ii) existing on Equipment when acquired, if the Lien is confined to the property and improvements and the proceeds of the Equipment;

(d) statutory Liens securing claims or demands of materialmen, mechanics, carriers, warehousemen, landlords and other Persons imposed without action of such parties, provided, they have no priority over any of Bank's Lien and the aggregate amount of such Liens does not at any time exceed $100,000;

(e) Liens to secure payment of workers' compensation, employment insurance, old-age pensions, social security and other like obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business, provided, they have no priority over any of Bank's Liens and the aggregate amount of the Indebtedness secured by such Liens does not at any time exceed $100,000;

(f) Liens incurred in the extension, renewal or refinancing of the indebtedness secured by Liens described in (a) through (c), but any extension, renewal or replacement Lien must be limited to the property encumbered by the existing Lien and the principal amount of the indebtedness may not increase;

(g) leases or subleases of real property granted in the ordinary course of business, and leases, subleases, non-exclusive licenses or sublicenses of property (other than real property or intellectual property) granted in the ordinary course of Borrower's business (or, if referring to another Person's business, to such other Person's business), if the leases, subleases, licenses and sublicenses do not prohibit granting Bank a security interest;

(h) non-exclusive license of intellectual property granted to third parties in the ordinary course of business and licenses of intellectual property that could not result in a legal transfer of title of the licensed property that may be exclusive in respects other than territory and that may be exclusive as to territory only as to discreet geographical areas outside of the United States;

(i) Liens arising from judgments, decrees or attachments in circumstances not constituting an Event of Default under Section 8.4 or 8.7; and

(j) Liens in favor of other financial institutions arising in connection with Borrower's (or, if referring to another Person, to such other Person) deposit and/or securities accounts held at such institutions, provided that Bank has a perfected security interest in the amounts held in such deposit and/or securities accounts.

"Person" is any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, company, trust, unincorporated organization, association, corporation, institution, public benefit corporation, firm, joint stock company, estate, entity or government agency.

"Prime Rate" is Bank's most recently announced "prime rate," even if it is not Bank's lowest rate.


-26-


"Prior Loan Agreements" are (i) that certain Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement, dated October 31, 2003, by and between Bank and Borrower, as amended, and (ii) that certain Loan and Security Agreement, dated November 5, 1997, by and between Bank and Centra, as amended.

"Prior Loans" are all prior loans (including principal and interest), and other amounts of Borrower and Centra that are owed to Bank on the Effective Date under the Prior Loan Documents, but which do not include any other loans or amounts, including any loans or amounts arising under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

"Registered Organization" is any "registered organization" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.

"Responsible Officer" is any of the Chief Executive Officer, President, Chief Financial Officer, Vice President Corporate Controller, and Controller of Borrower.

"Restricted Revenue Account" is the restricted account(s) maintained by Borrower at Wells Fargo (and/or such other account(s) with such other financial institution(s) as Bank may designate from time to time pursuant to Section 6.3(c)) into which all collections or payments on the Accounts (and/or any other Collateral) are paid, and which is subject to a Lockbox Agreement(s).

"Revolving Line" is an Advance or Advances in an aggregate amount of up to $7,500,000 outstanding at any time.

"Revolving Line Maturity Date" is January 31, 2009.

"Securities Account" is any "securities account" as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.

"Settlement Date" is defined in Section 2.1.3.

"Spruce" is Spruce Acquisition, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and following its name change, Centra Software, LLC, or such other final surviving entity of Centra after the completion of the merger contemplated by the Centra Acquisition, and any successor-in-interest thereto.

"Static Balance Option" is defined in Section 9.4.

"Subordinated Debt" is indebtedness incurred by Borrower subordinated to all of Borrower's now or hereafter indebtedness to Bank (pursuant to a subordination, intercreditor, or other similar agreement in form and substance satisfactory to Bank entered into between Bank and the other creditor), on terms acceptable to Bank.

"Subsidiary" means, with respect to any Person, any Person of which more than 50% of the voting stock or other equity interests is owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person.

"Tangible Net Worth" is, on any date, the consolidated total assets of Borrower and its Subsidiaries minus, (i) any amounts attributable to (a) goodwill, (b) intangible items such as unamortized debt discount and expense, patents, trade and service marks and names, copyrights and research and development expenses except prepaid expenses, and (c) reserves not already deducted from assets, and (ii) Total Liabilities. For purposes hereof, "Total Liabilities" is on any day, obligations that should, under GAAP, be classified as liabilities on Borrower's consolidated balance sheet, including all Indebtedness, and current portion Subordinated Debt allowed to be paid, but excluding all other Subordinated Debt.

"Term Loan" is a loan made by Bank pursuant to the terms of Section 2.1.5 hereof.

"Term Loan Amount" is an aggregate amount equal to $6,500,000 outstanding at any time.

"Term Loan Maturity Date" is January 31, 2009.

"Term Loan Payment" is defined in Section 2.1.5(c).


-27-


"Thinq" is THINQ Learning Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and any successor-in-interest thereto.

"Transaction Report" is that certain report of transactions and schedule of collections substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit E, completed by Borrower and executed by a Responsible Officer or his or her designee.

"Transfer" is defined in Section 7.1.

"Wells Fargo" is Wells Fargo Bank, National Association.

"Wells Fargo Lockbox Agreement" is that certain Four Party Wholesale Lockbox Agreement, by and among Borrower, Wells Fargo and Bank, as the same as may be amended, restated, or otherwise modified from time to time.

[Signature page follows.]


-28-


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed as of the Effective Date.

BORROWER:

SABA SOFTWARE, INC.


By:  

/s/ Peter E. Williams III

Name:   Peter E. Williams III
Title:   Chief Financial Officer

BANK:

SILICON VALLEY BANK


By:  

/s/ Nick Tsiagkas

Name:   Nick Tsiagkas
Title:   Relationship Manager
Effective Date: January 31, 2006

[Signature page to Loan and Security Agreement]


EXHIBIT A

The Collateral consists of all of Borrower's right, title and interest in and to the following personal property:

All goods, Accounts (including health-care receivables), Equipment, Inventory, contract rights or rights to payment of money, leases, license agreements, franchise agreements, General Intangibles (except as provided below), commercial tort claims, documents, instruments (including any promissory notes), chattel paper (whether tangible or electronic), cash, deposit accounts, fixtures, letters of credit rights (whether or not the letter of credit is evidenced by a writing), securities, and all other investment property, supporting obligations, and financial assets, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, wherever located; and

all Borrower's Books relating to the foregoing, and any and all claims, rights and interests in any of the above and all substitutions for, additions, attachments, accessories, accessions and improvements to and replacements, products, proceeds and insurance proceeds of any or all of the foregoing.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Collateral does not include any of the following, whether now owned or hereafter acquired:

(a) any copyright rights, copyright applications, copyright registrations and like protections in each work of authorship and derivative work, whether published or unpublished, any patents, patent applications and like protections, including improvements, divisions, continuations, renewals, reissues, extensions, and continuations-in-part of the same, trademarks, service marks and, to the extent permitted under applicable law, any applications therefor, whether registered or not, and the goodwill of the business of Borrower connected with and symbolized thereby, know-how, operating manuals, trade secret rights, rights to unpatented inventions, license rights, agreements and confidential information, and any claims for damage by way of any past, present, or future infringement of any of the foregoing; provided, however, the Collateral shall include all Accounts, license and royalty fees and other revenues, proceeds, or income arising out of or relating to any of the foregoing; and

(b) more than 65% of the Equity Interests of any Subsidiary of Borrower that is organized under the laws of any jurisdiction other than the United States, or a subdivision thereof; for purposes hereof, "Equity Interests" means (i) with respect to any Person that is a corporation, any and all shares, interests, participations or other equivalents (however designated and whether or not voting) of corporate stock, and (ii) with respect to any Person that is not a corporation, any and all partnership, membership or other equity interests of such Person.

Pursuant to the terms of a certain negative pledge arrangement with Bank, Borrower has agreed not to encumber any of its copyright rights, copyright applications, copyright registrations and like protections in each work of authorship and derivative work, whether published or unpublished, any patents, patent applications and like protections, including improvements, divisions, continuations, renewals, reissues, extensions, and continuations-in-part of the same, trademarks, service marks and, to the extent permitted under applicable law, any applications therefor, whether registered or not, and the goodwill of the business of Borrower connected with and symbolized thereby, know-how, operating manuals, trade secret rights, rights to unpatented inventions, license rights, agreements and confidential information, and any claims for damage by way of any past, present, or future infringement of any of the foregoing, without Bank's prior written consent.


1


EXHIBIT B

Loan Payment/Advance Request Form

DEADLINE FOR SAME DAY PROCESSING IS NOON P.S.T.


Fax To:

  Date:                     

LOAN PAYMENT:

  

SABA SOFTWARE, INC.

From Account #                                                                             

  

To Account #                                                                              

                                                 (Deposit Account #)

  

                                                         (Loan Account #)

Principal $                                                                                        

  

and/or Interest $                                                                          

Authorized Signature:                                                                  

  

Phone Number:                                                                          

Print Name/Title:                                                                             

  

LOAN ADVANCE:

Complete Outgoing Wire Request section below if all or a portion of the funds from this loan advance are for an outgoing wire.


From Account #                                                                                To Account #                                                                             
                                                 (Loan Account #)                                                (Deposit Account #)
Amount of Advance $                                                                       

All Borrower's representations and warranties in the Loan and Security Agreement are true, correct and complete in all material respects on the date of the request for an advance; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date:


Authorized Signature:                                                                    Phone Number:                                                                     
Print Name/Title:                                                                              

OUTGOING WIRE REQUEST:

Complete only if all or a portion of funds from the loan advance above is to be wired.

Deadline for same day processing is noon, P.S.T.


Beneficiary Name:                                                                         Amount of Wire: $                                                          
Beneficiary Bank:                                                                           Account Number:                                                            
City and State:                                                                                
Beneficiary Bank Transit (ABA) #:   Beneficiary Bank Code (Swift, Sort, Chip, etc.):                     
          (For International Wire Only)
Intermediary Bank:                                                                             Transit (ABA) #:                                                                      
For Further Credit to: ______________________________________________________________________________________
Special Instruction: ________________________________________________________________________________________

By signing below, I (we) acknowledge and agree that my (our) funds transfer request shall be processed in accordance with and subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the agreements(s) covering funds transfer service(s), which agreements(s) were previously received and executed by me (us).


Authorized Signature:                                                                         2nd Signature (if required):                                                          
Print Name/Title:                                                                                 Print Name/Title:                                                                          
Telephone #:                                                                                        Telephone #:                                                                                  

1


EXHIBIT C

FORM OF BORROWING RESOLUTIONS

(ATTACHED)


1


CORPORATE BORROWING RESOLUTION


Borrower:   

Saba Software, Inc.

2400 Bridge Parkway

Redwood Shores, CA 94065

   Bank:   

Silicon Valley Bank

3003 Tasman Drive

Santa Clara, CA 95054-1191

I, the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of Saba Software, Inc. ("Borrower"), CERTIFY that Borrower is a corporation existing under the laws of the State of Delaware.

I certify that at a meeting of Borrower's Directors (or by other authorized corporate action) duly held the following resolutions were adopted.

It is resolved that any one of the following officers of Borrower, whose name, title and signature is below:


NAMES

 

POSITIONS

 

ACTUAL SIGNATURES

   
          
   
          
   
         
   
          

may act for Borrower and:

Borrow Money. Borrow money from Silicon Valley Bank ("Bank").

Execute Loan Documents. Execute any loan documents Bank requires.

Grant Security. Grant Bank a security interest in any of Borrower's assets.

Negotiate Items. Negotiate or discount all drafts, trade acceptances, promissory notes, or other indebtedness in which Borrower has an interest and receive cash or otherwise use the proceeds.

Letters of Credit. Apply for letters of credit from Bank.

Foreign Exchange Contracts. Execute spot or forward foreign exchange contracts.

Further Acts. Designate other individuals to request advances, pay fees and costs and execute other documents or agreements (including documents or agreement that waive Borrowers right to a jury trial) they think necessary to effectuate these Resolutions.

Further resolved that all acts authorized by these Resolutions and performed before they were adopted are ratified. These Resolutions remain in effect and Bank may rely on them until Bank receives written notice of their revocation.

I certify that the persons listed above are Borrower's officers with the titles and signatures shown following their names and that these resolutions have not been modified are currently effective.

CERTIFIED TO AND ATTESTED BY:

X ___________________________________________

* Secretary or Assistant Secretary

X ___________________________________________



* NOTE: In case the Secretary or other certifying officer is designated by the foregoing resolutions as one of the signing officers, this resolution should also be signed by a second Officer or Director of Borrower.

2


Certified Resolution - Unconditional Guaranty and Security Agreement


Guarantor:    [Spruce Acquisition, LLC,] [THINQ Learning Solutions, Inc.]
  

a [limited liability company] [corporation] organized under

the laws of the [State of Delaware]

Date:    [January]     , [2006]

I, the undersigned, Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the above-named company, a limited liability company organized under the laws of the state set forth above, do hereby certify that the following is a full, true and correct copy of resolutions duly and regularly adopted by the [Members][Managers][Board of Directors] of said company as required by law, and by the [operating agreement][by-lawys] of said company, and that said resolutions are still in full force and effect and have not been in any way modified, repealed, rescinded, amended or revoked.

WHEREAS, it is in the direct interest of this company to assist the following person (the "Borrower"):

Saba Software, Inc.

in procuring credit from Silicon Valley Bank ("Lender"), because Borrower is an affiliate of this company, furnishes goods or services to this company, purchases or acquires goods or services from this company, and/or otherwise has a direct or indirect corporate or business relationship with this company;

RESOLVED, that any officer of this company is hereby authorized and directed to: execute and deliver on behalf of this company a guarantee with respect to all indebtedness, liabilities and obligations of Borrower to Lender, whether now existing or hereafter arising or acquired (which shall include, without limitation, the execution and delivery of that certain Unconditional Guaranty and Security Agreement in favor of Lender); to pledge or assign to Lender, and to grant to Lender a security interest and lien in, any and all assets and personal property of this company as security for all indebtedness, liabilities and obligations of either this company or Borrower to Lender, now existing or hereafter arising, including without limitation the obligations of this company under said guarantee, and to execute and deliver in connection therewith, one or more pledge agreements, assignments, security agreements and Uniform Commercial Code financing statements, in form and substance satisfactory to Lender (which shall include, without limitation, the execution and delivery of that certain Unconditional Guaranty and Security Agreement in favor of Lender); to execute and deliver any and all amendments, modifications, extensions, renewals, replacements and agreements, documents, instruments relating to the foregoing or requested by Lender; and to execute and deliver any and all instruments, papers and documents and to do all other acts that said officers may deem convenient or proper to effectuate the purpose and intent of these resolutions.

RESOLVED, all actions heretofore taken and all documentation heretofore executed and delivered by any of said officers, or by any individual who currently holds or has held any of said offices, in furtherance of the foregoing is hereby ratified, adopted, approved and confirmed and declared to be binding and enforceable obligations of this company in accordance with the respective terms and provisions thereof; and that the authorizations herein set forth shall remain in full force and effect until written notice of any modification or discontinuance shall be given to and actually received by Lender, but no such modification or discontinuance shall effect the validity of the acts of any person, authorized to so act with these resolutions, before the receipt of any such notice by Lender.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand as such Secretary or Assistant Secretary on the date set forth above.



Secretary or Assistant Secretary


3


EXHIBIT D

COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATE


TO:    SILICON VALLEY BANK    Date:                     
FROM:    SABA SOFTWARE, INC.   

The undersigned authorized officer of Saba Software, Inc. ("Borrower") certifies that under the terms and conditions of the Loan and Security Agreement between Borrower and Bank (the "Agreement"), (1) Borrower is in complete compliance for the period ending                      with all required covenants except as noted below, (2) there are no Events of Default, (3) all representations and warranties in the Agreement are true and correct in all material respects on this date except as noted below; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date, (4) Borrower, and each of its Subsidiaries, has timely filed all required tax returns and reports, and Borrower has timely paid all foreign, federal, state and local taxes, assessments, deposits and contributions owed by Borrower except as otherwise permitted pursuant to the terms of Section 5.9 of the Agreement, and (5) no Liens have been levied or claims made against Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries relating to unpaid employee payroll or benefits of which Borrower has not previously provided written notification to Bank. Attached are the required documents supporting the certification. The undersigned certifies that these are prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied from one period to the next except as explained in an accompanying letter or footnotes. The undersigned acknowledges that no borrowings may be requested at any time or date of determination that Borrower is not in compliance with any of the terms of the Agreement, and that compliance is determined not just at the date this certificate is delivered. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meanings given them in the Agreement.

Please indicate compliance status by circling Yes/No under "Complies" column.


Reporting Covenant

  

Required

   Complies
Transaction Report    Weekly within 5 Business Days or monthly within 20 days if Borrower qualifies for Month Reporting Option + before each Advance    Yes    No
Monthly unaudited financial statements with Compliance Certificate    Monthly within 45 days    Yes    No
Annual financial statement (CPA Audited)    FYE within 120 days    Yes    No
Financial projections, and/or financial information used in the preparation thereof    Within 45 days of FYE    Yes    No
10-Q, 10-K and 8-K if not available on EDGAR    Within 5 days after filing with SEC    Yes    No
A/R & A/P Agings, Deferred Revenue Report    Monthly within 20 days    Yes    No

Financial Covenant

  

Required

   Actual    Complies
Unrestricted balance sheet cash and Cash Equivalents (net of amounts outstanding under the Term Loan) to be maintained on the last day of each month    $6,000,000    $                Yes    No

Minimum EBITDA*

*see Schedule 1 for a breakdown of EBITDA calculations

  

$500,000 from

Effective Date

until 2/28/06


$750,000 from

3/1/06 and

thereafter

   $                Yes    No

1


The following financial covenant information set forth in Schedule 1 attached hereto is true and accurate as of the date of this Certificate.

The following are the exceptions with respect to the certification above: (If no exceptions exist, state "No exceptions to note.")

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


SABA SOFTWARE, INC.   BANK USE ONLY
   

Received by:                                                                  

                                AUTHORIZED SIGNER

By:  
 
Name:  
  Date:                                                                      
Title:  
 

Verified:                                                                              

                                    AUTHORIZED SIGNER

    Date:                                                                                     
    Compliance Status:        Yes    No

2


Schedule 1 to Compliance Certificate

Dated:                     

EBITDA (Section 6.9(b))


Required:        See chart below

Period

   EBITDA

Effective Date through February 28, 2006

   $ 500,000

March 1, 2006 and thereafter

   $ 750,000

Actual:


A.

   Net Income    $            

B.

  

To the extent included in the determination of Net Income

  
  

1.      The provision for income taxes

   $            
  

2.      Depreciation expense

   $            
  

3.      Amortization expense

   $            
  

4.      Interest Expense

   $            
  

5.      Non-cash adjustments to deferred revenue in accordance with purchase accounting in connection with the Centra Acquisition

   $            
  

6.      Line sum of lines B.1. through B.5

   $            

C.

  

EBITDA (line A plus line B.6.)

  

3


EXHIBIT E

TRANSACTION REPORT


1


EXHIBIT F

FORM OF PERFECTION CERTIFICATE

(ATTACHED)


1


PERFECTION CERTIFICATE


1. The legal name of the [Borrower/Guarantor] is [                    ] (the "Company").

2. The Company was formed on                      in                          as a                     [Corporation]. Since its formation, the Company has had the following legal names (other than its current legal name):

Prior Name

  

Date Company's Name

Was Changed From Such Name


3. The Company does business under the following trade names:

Trade Name

  

Is This Name Registered?


4. The Company has the following places of business or has assets located at the following locations:

Address

  

Owner of Location

  

Brief Description of Assets


5. The Company owns the following domestic and foreign registered patents and patent applications:

Title of Patent

  

Registration/Application No.

  

Registration/Filing Date


6. The Company owns the following domestic and foreign registered and applied for trademarks, tradenames and service marks:

Trademarks, Tradenames or Service Marks

  

Registration/Application No.

  

Registration/Filing Date


7. The Company owns the following domestic and foreign copyrights and copyright registrations:

Description of Copyright

  

Registration No.

  

Registration Date


2


8. The Company uses the following material unregistered copyrights in the ordinary course of its business:

Description of Copyright


9. The following is a complete list of pending and threatened litigation or claims involving amounts claimed against Company in an indefinite amount or in excess of $50,000 in each case:

10. The Company's federal employer I.D. number is:

11. The Company's organizational I.D. number is                                  .

12. The Company's assets are subject to the following security interests:

Assets

  

Name and Address of Secured Party


14. The Company has investments in excess of $50,000 (calculated at the higher of cost or market value) in equity or debt securities of the following entities (other than subsidiaries):

Name of Entity

  

Nature and Amount of Investment


15. The Company maintains the following deposit accounts (including demand, time, savings, passbook or similar accounts):

Name and Address of Depository

Institution

  

Type and Account No.

  

Account Holder


16. The Company beneficially owns "investment property" in the following securities accounts:

Name and Address of Securities

Intermediary

  

Type and Account No.

  

Account Holder


17. The Company has the following subsidiaries:

Name of Subsidiary

  

State of Formation or

Organization

  

Percentage Owned by Entity


3


18. True and correct copies of the Company's organizational/charter documents are attached.

The undersigned hereby certifies that the foregoing information contained on this Perfection Certificate is true and correct in all material respects as of                     , 2006.


[COMPANY]

By:

 

Printed Name:

Title:

 

4