Employment Agreement - Blackboard Inc. and Michael L. Chasen
THIS EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (this Agreement), is made and entered into as of November 9, 2001 by and between BLACKBOARD INC., a Delaware corporation (the Company), and Michael L. Chasen (the Employee).
|A.||The Company desires to retain Employee to provide the services hereinafter set forth.|
|B.||Employee is willing to provide such services to the Company on the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth.|
In consideration of the promises and the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, the parties agree as follows:
|1.||Employment and Term.|
|The Company agrees to employ the Employee and the Employee agrees to work for the Company, subject to the terms and conditions below, for a term of four (4) years from the date hereof. The Company agrees to provide the Employee with written notice at least 90 days prior to the expiration of the term as to whether the Company desires to negotiate a new employment agreement with the Employee to operate following expiration of the term of this Agreement. The Company shall be under no obligation to negotiate a new employment agreement.|
|Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Company shall pay to the Employee a base salary as set forth on Schedule A, attached hereto and made a part hereof, payable in accordance with the Companys regular payroll policies. In addition to this base salary, the Employee shall be entitled to the benefits and bonuses described on Schedule A, subject to the terms and conditions described therein. In addition, the Employee shall be entitled to receive such other benefits including, but not limited to, vacation, holidays and sick leave, as the Company generally provides to its senior executives and employees holding similar positions as that of the Employee. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company reserves the right to adopt, amend or discontinue any employee benefit plan or policy in accordance with then-applicable law|
|3.||Business Expenses. The Company shall reimburse the Employee during the term of this Agreement for travel, entertainment and other expenses reasonably|
|incurred by the Employee on behalf of the Company pursuant to the Companys expense reimbursement policy for its employees.|
|The Employee shall be employed as Chief Executive Officer. The Employee shall diligently and conscientiously devote his full time and attention and his best efforts to discharge the duties assigned to him by the Company. The Employee shall perform such duties as may be assigned to him from time to time by the Board of Directors.|
|5.||Right to Contract; Conflict of Interest.|
|The Employee hereby represents and warrants to the Company that (i) he has full right and authority to enter into this Agreement and to perform his obligations hereunder, and (ii) the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Employee and the performance of the Employees obligations hereunder will not conflict with or breach any agreement, order or decree to which the Employee is a party or by which he is bound. During the term of this Agreement, the Employee shall not directly or indirectly consult, advise, be retained or employed by, or in any manner perform any service with any other business or entity in any line of business competitive with the Companys business, without first obtaining consent in writing from the Company.|
|6.||Transfer by Company.|
|If at any time during the term of this Agreement, the Company transfers the Employee to another location, the Company will reimburse the Employee for all reasonable relocation expenses incurred as a result of such transfer. In the event that the Employee terminates this Agreement without cause pursuant to Section 9 hereof within one year after any such transfer, the Employee shall refund to the Company all amounts paid to him by the Company as relocation expenses (including temporary housing and incidental expenses) pursuant to this Section 6. The Employee agrees that any amounts owing to the Company under this Section 6 may be deducted from any salary, bonuses or other amounts owed to him by the Company, consistent with applicable law.|
|7.||Termination by the Company.|
|(a)||The Company shall have the right to terminate this Agreement with or without Cause (as defined below) at any time during the term of this Agreement by giving written notice to the Employee. The termination shall become effective on the date specified in the notice, which termination date shall not be a date prior to the date ten (10) days following the date of the notice of termination itself. In the event that the Employee is terminated for Cause, the Company shall pay the Employee|
the salary due him under this Agreement through the day on which such termination is effective. In the event that the Employee is terminated without cause, the Company shall, subject to the provisions of this Agreement:
(i) pay to the Employee within thirty (30) days of termination of employment a cash payment equal to his annual base salary, earned bonus through the end of the last then ended full quarter, expense reimbursements and fringe benefits set forth on Schedule A, in a lump sum or in accordance with normal payroll practices, at the Companys option; and
(ii) maintain and provide for a period of twelve (12) months from the date of termination, at no cost to the Employee, the Employees continued participation in all group insurance, life insurance, health and accident, disability and other employee benefit plans, programs and arrangements in which the Employee was entitled to participate immediately prior to the date of termination (other than any bonus plans or stock option plans of the Employer), provided that in the event that the Employees participation in any plan, program or arrangement as provided in this subparagraph (ii) is barred or during such period any such plan, program or arrangement is discontinued or the benefits thereunder are materially reduced, the Employer shall arrange to provide the Employee with benefits substantially similar to those which the Employee was entitled to receive under such plans, programs and arrangements immediately prior to the Employees date of termination.
(iii) provide Employee with the right to exercise all vested options at any time within two (2) years after the date of such termination. This clause amends and modifies any option grant agreements in effect as of the date of this agreement.
|(b)||For purposes of this Section 7, Cause shall mean (i) a material breach by the Employee of any fiduciary duty owed to the Employer or any material covenant or condition hereunder or a material failure of performance by the Employee under this Agreement which shall be continuing and uncured for fifteen (15) days after written notice thereof has been given to the Employee by the Company; (ii) a material neglect of duty by the Employee; (iii) the commission by the Employee of any act or omission constituting gross negligence, dishonesty, fraud, immoral or disreputable conduct which is, or is likely to be, harmful to the Company or its reputation; (iv) violation by the Employee of any material federal, state or local law, rule regulation or ordinance (other than misdemeanor traffic violations); (v) material violation by the Employee of the Companys policies as set forth in the Companys personnel handbook, if one has been adopted, or announced by Company management from time to time; (vi)|
violation of the Companys drug and alcohol policy as set forth in the Companys personnel handbook, if one has been adopted, or announced by Company management from time to time; or (vii) the performance by the Employee of any act or omission demonstrating an intentional or reckless disregard of the interests of the Company.
|(c)||In the event the Employee disputes in writing any termination for Cause (after the Employee receives the grounds for termination from the Companys Board of Directors pursuant to Section 1(a) of the Stock Restriction Agreement), the Company shall pay the Employee full salary (including any earned bonuses or fringe benefits) for a period of no more than three (3) months while the Company and the Employee attempt to resolve such dispute in good faith.|
|8.||Termination by Death or Disability of the Employee.|
|(a)||In the event of the Employees death during the term of this Agreement, all obligations of the parties hereunder shall terminate immediately, and the Company shall pay to the Employees legal representatives the salary (and any earned bonuses) due the Employee through the day on which his death shall have occurred.|
|(b)||If the Employee is unable to perform his duties hereunder due to mental, physical or other disability for a period of one hundred twenty (120) consecutive business days, as determined by the Company, or for one hundred twenty (120) business days in any period of twelve (12) consecutive months, this Agreement may be terminated by the Company, at its option, by written notice to the Employee, effective on the termination date specified in such notice, provided such termination date shall not be a date prior to the date of the notice of termination itself. In this case, the Company will pay the Employee the salary (and any earned bonuses) due him through the day on which such termination is effective.|
|(c)||The Company shall pay Employee the difference between the amount to be paid under any disability insurance policy for the twelve (12) months following termination and the amount of Employees salary due under the termination provision of Section 7 (a) (i).|
|9.||Termination by the Employee.|
|(a)||The Employee may terminate this Agreement at any time, with or without cause, by giving written notice to the Company. Any such termination, if without cause, shall become effective on the date specified in such notice, provided that the Company may elect to have such termination become effective on a date after, but not more than, fourteen (14) days after the date of the notice. If such termination is with Good Reason, (i) it shall become effective on the date thirty (30) days after the date of such notice, provided the Company has failed to cure the cause specified in the notice; and (ii) the Company shall provide Employee with the right to exercise all vested options at any time within two (2) years after the date of such termination; and (iii) the Company shall pay to the Employee his annual base salary for twelve (12) months from the date of termination, and earned bonus through the end of the last then ended full quarter, payable in either one lump sum or in accordance with normal payroll practices, at Companys option, through the end of the Non-Complete Period (as defined in Section 11 below). This clause amends and modifies any option grant agreements in effect as of the date of this agreement.|
|(b)||In the event the Employee terminates this Agreement without Good Reason, the Employee shall be entitled to the salary, bonus and other benefits due him through the day on which such termination becomes effective.|
|(d)||For purposes of this Section 9, Good Reason shall mean (i) a material failure by the Company to perform its obligations under this Agreement; (ii) a Constructive Termination (as defined below) of the Employee; or (iii) if employee is not offered a Satisfactory Employment Agreement (as defined in the Stock Restriction Agreement) in connection with a Sale Transaction (as defined in the May Stock Restriction Agreement).|
|(e)||For purposes of this Section 9. Constructive Termination shall mean any (i) diminution of the Employees total compensation (defined as the Employees salary and bonuses described on Schedule A, subject to the terms and conditions described therein), or (ii) material adverse modification of or diminution in the Employees duties or material diminution in the Employees authority, title or office, or the assignment of any duties to the Employee inconsistent with or demeaning of those set forth above, or (iii) material reduction in the Employees benefits under any employee benefit plan or program in which he participates as an employee, other than any reduction which is a result of a reduction of benefits applicable to all employee participants, or relocation of the Employee outside of the Employees current residential area without the Employees consent. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Constructive|
Termination shall not exist if the Employees total compensation is diminished due to the failure of Employee to earn the bonus described on Schedule A because the annual goals referred to therein are not attained.
|In the event the Company has reasonable cause to believe that there exists Cause for termination of this Agreement as defined in Section 7, immediately upon written notice to the Employee, the Company may, but shall not be obligated to, suspend the Employee, with pay, for a period not to exceed two (2) weeks, either as a disciplinary measure or in order to investigate the Companys belief that such cause exists. No such suspension shall prevent the Company from thereafter exercising its rights to terminate this Agreement in accordance with its terms.|
|(a)||The Employee agrees that during his employment hereunder, and for a period of one (1) year (the Non-Compete Period) after the later of (i) the effective date of termination of this Agreement, or (ii) the date of entry by a court of competent jurisdiction of a final judgment enforcing this covenant, he will not, in any geographic area where the Company regularly engages in its Business (as defined below) or maintains sales or service representatives or employees:|
(i) compete with the Company, or any subsidiary or affiliate of the Company;
(ii) interfere with or disrupt, or attempt to interfere with or disrupt, the relationship contractual or otherwise, between the Company, or any subsidiary or affiliate of the Company, and any customer, supplier or employee of the Company, or any such subsidiary or affiliate;
(iii) assist a competitor of the Company by providing consulting or other advisory services to that competitor; or
(iv) offer employment to any current employee of the Company or solicit (directly or indirectly, individually or in connection with any new employer or other business partner) any current employee of the Company to accept employment elsewhere.
|(b)||The following terms, as used in this Section 11 shall have the meanings set forth below:|
(i) The Companys Business means any and all lines of business engaged in by the Company at, or within one year prior to, inception of the
Non-Compete Period, or reasonably anticipated to be entered by the Company on the date of inception of the Non-Compete Period.
(ii) The term compete means to engage in competition, directly or indirectly, individually or through a family member or other person acting on the Employees behalf, as an employee, officer, director, proprietor, partner or stockholder or other security holder (other than of a corporation listed on a national securities exchange or the securities of which are regularly traded in the over-the-counter market, provided that the Employee at no time owns in excess of 5% of the outstanding securities of such corporation entitled to vote for the election of directors) of any firm, corporation or entity of any nature whatsoever.
(iii) The term affiliate means any person, firm or corporation, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controlling, controlled by or under common control with the Company.
|(c)||The Employee further acknowledges that this Section 11 is an independent covenant within this Agreement, and that this covenant shall survive any termination of this Agreement and shall be treated as an independent covenant for the purposes of enforcement. With respect to this covenant, the Employee hereby acknowledges receipt of Ten Dollars ($10.00) and other good and valuable consideration stated herein including the consideration of his continued employment by the Company.|
|(d)||The Employee shall, during the term of this Agreement and thereafter, notify any prospective employer of the terms and conditions of this Agreement regarding nondisclosure and non-competition.|
|12.||Confidentiality and Non-Disclosure.|
|(a)||The Employee shall hold in strict confidence and shall not, either during the term of this Agreement or after the termination hereof, disclose, directly or indirectly, to any third party, person, firm, corporation or other entity, irrespective of whether such person or entity is a competitor of the Company or is engaged in a business similar to that of the Company, any trade secrets or other proprietary or confidential information of the Company or any subsidiary or affiliate (as defined in Section 11) of the Company obtained by the Employee from or through his employment hereunder. The Employee hereby acknowledges and agrees that all proprietary information referred to in this Section 12 shall be deemed trade secrets of the Company and of its subsidiaries and affiliates, as defined in Section 11. Employee further acknowledges that the Companys products and titles consist of copyrighted material, and Employee shall exercise his best efforts to prevent the use of such copyrighted material by any person or entity which has not prior thereto|
been authorized to use such information by the Company.
|(b)||The Employee further hereby agrees and acknowledges that any disclosure of any proprietary information prohibited herein, or any breach of the provisions of Sections 4 or 10 of this Agreement, may result in irreparable injury and damage to the Company which will not be adequately compensable in monetary damages, that the Company will have no adequate remedy at law therefore, and that the Company may obtain such preliminary, temporary or permanent mandatory or restraining injunctions, orders or decrees as may be necessary to protect the company against, or on account of, any breach by the Employee of the provisions contained in Sections 5, 11 or 12 . The Employee shall reimburse the reasonable legal fees and other costs incurred by the Company in enforcing the provisions of Sections 5, 11 and 12 of this Agreement.|
|(c)||The Employee further agrees that, upon termination of this Agreement, whether voluntary or involuntary or with or without cause, the Employee shall notify any new employer, partner, associate or any other firm or corporation with whom the Employee shall become associated in any capacity whatsoever of the provisions of this Section 12, and that the Company may give such notice to such firm, corporation or other person.|
|(d)||Notwithstanding the foregoing limitations, the Employee shall not be required to keep confidential pursuant to this Section 12 any confidential or proprietary information that: (i) is known or available through other lawful sources, not bound by a confidentiality agreement with the Employee, (ii) is or becomes publicly known or generally known in the industry through no fault of the Employee or his agents or (iii) is required to be disclosed pursuant to any statutes, laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, codes, directives, writs, injunctions, decrees, judgments, and orders of any governmental body (provided the Company is given reasonable prior notice).|
|13.||Assignment and Disclosure of Inventions.|
|(a)||From and after the date the Employee first became employed with the Company, the Employee hereby agrees to promptly disclose in confidence to the Company all inventions, improvements, designs, original works of authorship, formulas, processes, compositions of matter, computer software programs, databases, mask works, and trade secrets (inventions), whether or not patentable, copyrightable or protectible as trade secrets, that are made or conceived or first reduced to practice or created by the Employee, either alone or jointly with others, during the period of the Employees employment, whether or not in the course of the Employees employment.|
|(b)||The Employee hereby acknowledges that copyrightable works prepared by the Employee within the scope of the Employees employment are works for hire under the Copyright Act and that the Company will be considered the author thereof. The Employee hereby agrees that all Inventions that (i) are developed using equipment, supplies, facilities or trade secrets of the Company, (ii) result from work performed by the Employee for the Company, (iii) relate to the Companys business or current or anticipated research and development, will be the sole and exclusive property of the Company and are hereby assigned by the Employee to the Company.|
|The Company and the Employee recognize that the laws and public policies of the state law applicable to this Agreement is subject to varying interpretations and change. It is the intention of the Company and of the Employee that the provisions of this Agreement shall be enforced to the fullest extent permissible under the laws and public policies of such state, but that the unenforceability (to the modification to conform to such laws or public policies) of any provision or provisions hereof shall not render unenforceable, or impair, the remainder of this Agreement. Accordingly, if any provisions of this Agreement shall be determined to be invalid or unenforceable, either in whole or in part, this Agreement shall be deemed amended to delete or modify, as necessary, the offending provision or provisions and to alter the balance of this Agreement in order to render it valid and enforceable.|
|Neither the rights nor obligations under this Agreement may be assigned by either party, in whole or in part, by operation of law or otherwise, except that it shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of any successor of the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates, whether by merger, reorganization or otherwise, or any purchaser of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company.|
|Any notice expressly provided for under this Agreement shall be in writing, shall be given either manually or by mail and shall be deemed sufficiently given when actually received by the party to be notified or when mailed, if mailed by certified or registered mail, postage prepaid, addressed to such party at their addresses as set forth below. Either party may, by notice to the other party, given in the manner provided for herein, change their address or receiving such notices.|
|(a)||If to the Company, to:|
1899 L Street N.W., Fifth Floor
Washington, D.C. 20036
Attn: General Counsel
|(b)||If to the Employee, to:|
|Michael L. Chasen|
8000 Ashborough Court
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
|This Agreement shall be executed, construed and performed in accordance with the laws of the State of Delaware without reference to conflict of laws principles. The parties agree that the venue for any dispute hereunder will be the state or federal courts sitting in the District of Columbia or the Commonwealth of Virginia and the parties hereby agree to the exclusive jurisdiction thereof.|
|The section headings contained in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and shall not in any way affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement.|
|19.||Entire Agreement; Amendments.|
|This Agreement, together with any stock option contracts between the Company and Employee, constitutes and embodies the entire agreement between the parties in connection with the subject matter hereof and supersedes all prior and contemporaneous agreements and understandings in connection with such subject matter. No covenant or condition not expressed in this Agreement shall affect or be effective to interpret, change or restrict this Agreement. In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between the terms of this Agreement and the Companys policies regarding employees, the terms of this Agreement shall supersede the conflicting or inconsistent Company policies. No change, termination or attempted waiver of any of the provisions of this Agreement shall be binding unless in writing signed by the Employee and on behalf of the Company by an officer thereunto duly authorized by the Companys Board of Directors. No modification, waiver, termination, rescission, discharge or cancellation of this Agreement shall affect the right of any party to enforce any other provision or to exercise any right or remedy in the event of any other default.|
[SIGNATURE PAGE FOLLOWS]
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this Agreement as of the date first above written.
|BLACKBOARD INC., a Delaware corporation|
|By:||/s/ E. Rogers Novak, Jr.|
|Name: E. Rogers Novak, Jr.|
|Michael L. Chasen|
|/s/ Michael L. Chasen|
The Employee is currently being paid $200,000 in annual salary; however the Compensation Committee reserves the right to increase the Employees salary from time to time, in accordance with the Companys regular management employee payroll and incentive policies.
The Employee shall receive for each year thereafter, an annual bonus equal to up to 50% of Employees then current salary, payable in cash. The criteria for bonuses shall be based on goals established by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors on an annual basis.
Employee shall receive vacation, parking, health and insurance benefits equal to that provided other senior executive management, which benefits may be changed from time to time by the Company.
AMENDMENT TO EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT
THIS AMENDMENT TO EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (the Amendment) is made and entered into as of the 14th day of May, 2003 by and between Blackboard Inc., a Delaware corporation (the Company), and Michael L. Chasen (the Employee). Any undefined capitalized term used herein shall have the meaning ascribed to it in that certain Employment Agreement, dated as of November 9, 2001 (as so amended, the Employment Agreement).
WHEREAS, the Company and Employee are parties to the Employment Agreement; and
WHEREAS, the Company and Employee wish to amend the Employment Agreement to increase the Employees base salary;
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual promises and covenants contained in this Amendment and pursuant to Section 19 of the Employment Agreement, the Company and the Employee do hereby amend the Employment Agreement, as follows:
1. Base Salary. The base salary of $200,000 in the first sentence of Schedule A to the Employment Agreement shall be deleted in its entirely and replaced with a base salary of $300,000.
2. Governing Law. This Amendment shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Delaware (without regard to conflict of laws provisions).
3. Entire Agreement. The Employment Agreement, as amended hereby, constitutes the full and entire understanding between the parties regarding the subject matter herein. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, the provisions hereof shall inure to the benefit of, and be binding upon, the successors, assigns, heirs, executors and administrators of the parties hereto.
4. Full Force and Effect. Except as amended hereby, the Employment Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.
5. Counterparts. This Amendment may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.
6. Headings. Headings in this Amendment are included for reference only and have no effect upon the construction or interpretation of any part of this Amendment.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company and the Employee have caused this Amendment to be executed by their respective duly authorized officers as of the date first above recited.
|COMPANY: BLACKBOARD INC.||EMPLOYEE:|
|By:||/s/ Mark L. Walsh||/s/ Michael L. Chasen|
|Name:||Mark L. Walsh (on behalf of the Board of Directors)||Michael L. Chasen|