California-Santa Fe Springs-13615 Excelsior Drive Lease - S&M Development Co. and Burke Industries Inc.
[LOGO] AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATION STANDARD INDUSTRIAL/COMMERCIAL SINGLE-TENANT LEASE--GROSS (DO NOT USE THIS FORM FOR MULTI-TENANT PROPERTY) 1. BASIC PROVISIONS ("BASIC PROVISIONS") 1.1 PARTIES: This Lease ("LEASE"), dated for reference purposes only, March 29, 1996 is made by and between S&M Development Co., a General Partnership ("LESSOR") and Burke Industries. Inc., a California corporation ("LESSEE"), (collectively the "PARTIES," or individually a "PARTY"). 1.2 PREMISES: That certain real property, including all improvements therein or to be provided by Lessor under the terms of this Lease, and commonly known by the street address of 13615 Excelsior Drive, Santa Fe Springs, California, located in the County of Los Angeles, State of California, and generally described as (describe briefly the nature of the property) an approximate 28,700 SF concrete tilt-up general purpose industrial building located on approximately 57,716 SF of M-2 zoned land and all parking located at such address ("PREMISES"). (See Paragraph 2 for further provisions.) 1.3 TERM: 4 years and 9 1/2 months ("ORIGINAL TERM") commencing April 15, 1996 ("COMMENCEMENT DATE") and ending January 31, 2001 ("EXPIRATION DATE"). (See Paragraph 3 for further provisions.) 1.4 EARLY POSSESSION:_______________________ ("Early Possession Date"). (See Paragraphs 3.2 and 3.3 for further provisions.) 1.5 BASE RENT: $10,332.00 per month ("BASE RENT"), payable on the first day of each month commencing April 15, 1996 (see Addendum #49) (See Paragraph 4 for further provisions.) / /If this box is checked, there are provisions in this Lease for the Base Rent to be adjusted. 1.6 BASE RENT PAID UPON EXECUTION: $10,332.00 as Base Rent for the period April 15, 1996 thru May 14, 1996. 1.7 SECURITY DEPOSIT: $10,332.00 ("SECURITY DEPOSIT"). (See Paragraph 5 for further provisions.) 1.8 PERMITTED USE: warehousing, sales, administration and distribution of resilient flooring products and warehousing of custom molded silicon products and rubber compounds which have been approved by the Santa Fe Springs Fire Department prior to lease commencement. (See Paragraph 6 for further provisions.) 1.9 INSURING PARTY: Lessor is the "INSURING PARTY." $3,725.00 is the "BASE PREMIUM." (See Paragraph 8 for further provisions.) Lessee will be provided documentation as available, from Lessor's insurance broker, supporting the base property insurance premium. 1.10 REAL ESTATE BROKERS: The following real estate brokers (collectively, the "BROKERS") and brokerage relationships exist in this transaction and are consented to by the Parties (check applicable boxes): The Seeley Company - Stephen C. Calhoun represents / /Lessor exclusively ("LESSOR'S BROKER"); /X/ both Lessor and Lessee, and _________________________________________ represents / /Lessee exclusively ("LESSEE'S BROKER"); / /both Lessee and Lessor. (See Paragraph 15 for further provisions.) 1.12 ADDENDA. Attached hereto is an Addendum or Addenda consisting of Paragraphs 49 through 63 and Exhibits A & B, all of which constitute a part of this Lease. 2. PREMISES. 2.1 LETTING. Lessor hereby leases to Lessee, and Lessee hereby leases from Lessor, the Premises, for the term, at the rental, and upon all of the terms, covenants and conditions set forth in this Lease. Unless otherwise provided herein, any statement of square footage set forth in this Lease, or that may have been used in calculating rental, is an approximation which Lessor and Lessee agree is reasonable and the rental based thereon is not subject to revision whether or not the actual square footage is more or less. 2.2 CONDITION. Lessor shall deliver the Premises to Lessee clean and free of debris on the Commencement Date and warrants to Lessee that the existing plumbing, fire sprinkler system, lighting, air conditioning, heating, and loading doors, if any, in the Premises, other than those constructed by Lessee, shall be in good operating condition on the Commencement Date. If a non-compliance with said warranty exists as of the Commencement Date, Lessor shall, except as otherwise provided in this Lease, promptly after receipt of written notice from Lessee setting forth with specificity the nature and extent of such non-compliance, rectify same at Lessor's expense. If Lessee does not give Lessor written notice of a non-compliance with this warranty within thirty (30) days after the Commencement Date, correction of that non-compliance shall be the obligation of Lessee at Lessee's sole cost and expense. 2.3 See Exhibit "B". 2.4 ACCEPTANCE OF PREMISES. Lessee hereby acknowledges: (a) that it has been advised by the Brokers to satisfy itself with respect to the condition of the Premises (including but not limited to the electrical and fire sprinkler systems, security, environmental aspects, compliance with Applicable Law, as defined in Paragraph 6.3) and the present and future suitability of the Premises for Lessee's intended use, (b) that Lessee has made such investigation as it deems necessary with reference to such matters and assumes all responsibility therefor as the same relate to Lessee's occupancy of the Premises and/or the term of this Lease, and (c) that neither Lessor, nor any of Lessor's agents, has made any oral or written representations or warranties with respect to the said matters other than as set forth in this Lease. 3. TERM. 3.1 TERM. The Commencement Date, Expiration Date and Original Term of this Lease are as specified in Paragraph 1.3. 3.2 EARLY POSSESSION. If Lessee totally or partially occupies the Premises prior to the Commencement Date, the obligation to pay Base Rent shall be abated for the period of such early possession. All other terms of this Lease, however, shall be in effect during such period. Any such early possession shall not affect nor advance the Expiration Date of the Original Term. GROSS PAGE 1 <PAGE> 3.3 DELAY IN POSSESSION. If for any reason Lessor cannot deliver possession of the Premises to Lessee as agreed herein by the Early Possession Date, if one is specified in Paragraph 1.4. or, if no Early Possession Date is specified, by the Commencement Date, Lessor shall not be subject to any liability therefor, nor shall such failure affect the validity of this Lease, or the obligations of Lessee hereunder, or extend the term hereof. If possession of the Premises is not delivered to Lessee within sixty (60) days after the Commencement Date, Lessee may, at its option, by notice in writing to Lessor within ten (10) days thereafter, cancel this Lease, in which event the Parties shall be discharged from all obligations hereunder; provided, however, that if such written notice by Lessee is not received by Lessor within said ten (10) day period, Lessee's right to cancel this Lease shall terminate and be at no further force or effect. Except as may be otherwise provided, and regardless of when the term actually commences, if possession is not tendered to Lessee when required by this Lease and Lessee does not terminate this Lease, as aforesaid, the period free of the obligation to pay Base Rent, if any, that Lessee would otherwise have enjoyed shall run from the date of delivery of possession and continue for a period equal to what Lessee would otherwise have enjoyed under the terms hereof, but minus any days of delay caused by the acts, changes or omissions of Lessee. 4. RENT. 4.1 BASE RENT. Lessee shall cause payment of Base Rent and other rent or charges, as the same may be adjusted from time to time, to be received by Lessor in lawful money of the United States, without offset or deduction, on or before the day on which it is due under the terms of this Lease. Base Rent and all other rent and charges for any period during the term hereof which is for less than one (1) full calendar month shall be prorated based upon the actual number of days of the calendar month involved. Payment of Base Rent and other charges shall be made to Lessor at its address stated herein or to such other persons or at such other addresses as Lessor may from time to time designate in writing to Lessee. 5. SECURITY DEPOSIT. Lessee shall deposit with Lessor upon execution hereof the Security Deposit set forth in Paragraph 1.7 as security for Lessee's faithful performance of Lessee's obligations under this Lease. If Lessee fails to pay Base Rent or other rent or charges due hereunder, or otherwise Defaults under this Lease (as defined in Paragraph 13.1), Lessor may use, apply or retain all or any portion of said Security Deposit for the payment of any amount due Lessor or to reimburse or compensate Lessor for any liability, cost, expense, loss or damage (including attorneys' fees) which Lessor may suffer or incur by reason thereof. If Lessor uses or applies all or any portion of said Security Deposit, Lessee shall within ten (10) days after written request therefor deposit moneys with Lessor sufficient to restore said Security Deposit to the full amount required by this Lease. Any time the Base Rent increases during the term of this Lease, Lessee shall; upon written request from Lessor, deposit additional moneys with Lessor sufficient to maintain the same ratio between the Security Deposit and the Base Rent as those amounts are specified in the Basic Provisions. Lessor shall not be required to keep all or any part of the Security Deposit separate from its general accounts. Lessor shall [INSERT 4], at the expiration or earlier termination of the term hereof and after Lessee has vacated the Premises, return to Lessee (or, at Lessor's option, to the last assignee, if any, of Lessee's interest herein), that portion of the Security Deposit not used or applied by Lessor. Unless otherwise expressly agreed in writing by Lessor, no part of the Security Deposit shall be considered to be held in trust, to bear interest or other increment for its use, or to be prepayment for any moneys to be paid by Lessee under this Lease. [INSERT 5] 6. USE. 6.1 USE. Lessee shall use and occupy the Premises only for the purposes set forth in Paragraph 1.8, or any other use which is comparable thereto, and for no other purpose. Lessee shall not use or permit the use of the Premises in a manner that creates waste or a nuisance, or that disturbs owners and/or occupants of, or causes damage to, neighboring premises or properties. Lessor hereby agrees to not unreasonably withhold or delay its consent to any written request by Lessee, Lessee assignees or subtenants, and by prospective assignees and subtenants of the Lessee, its assignees and subtenants, for a modification of said permitted purpose for which the premises may be used or occupied, so long as the same will not impair the structural integrity of the improvements on the Premises, the mechanical or electrical systems therein, is not significantly more burdensome to the Premises and the improvements thereon, and is otherwise permissible pursuant to this Paragraph 6. If Lessor elects to withhold such consent, Lessor shall within five (5) business days give a written notification of same, which notice shall include an explanation of Lessor's reasonable objections to the change in use. 6.2 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES. (a) REPORTABLE USES REQUIRE CONSENT. The term "HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE" as used in this Lease shall mean any product, substance, chemical, material or waste whose presence, nature, quantity and/or intensity of existence, use, manufacture, disposal, transportation, spill, release or effect, either by itself or in combination with other materials expected to be on the Premises, is either: (i) potentially injurious to the public health, safety or welfare, the environment or the Premises, (ii) regulated or monitored by any governmental authority, or (iii) a basis for liability of Lessor to any governmental agency or third party under any applicable statute or common law theory. Hazardous Substance shall include, but not be limited to, hydrocarbons, petroleum, gasoline, crude oil or any products, by-products or fractions thereof. Lessee shall not engage in any activity in, on or about the Premises which constitutes a Reportable Use (as hereinafter defined) of Hazardous Substances without the express prior written consent of Lessor and compliance in a timely manner (at Lessee's sole cost and expense) with all Applicable Law (as defined in Paragraph 6.3). "REPORTABLE USE" shall mean (i) the installation or use of any above or below ground storage tank, (ii) the generation, possession, storage, use, transportation, or disposal of a Hazardous Substance that requires a permit from, or with respect to which a report, notice, registration or business plan is required to be filed with, any governmental authority. Reportable Use shall also include Lessee's being responsible for the presence in, on or about the Premises of a Hazardous Substance [INSERT 6] with respect to which any Applicable Law requires that a notice be given to persons entering or occupying the Premises or neighboring properties. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Lessee may, without Lessor's prior consent, but in compliance with all Applicable Law, use any ordinary and customary materials reasonably required to be used by Lessee in the normal course of Lessee's business permitted on the Premises, so long as such use is not a Reportable Use and does not expose the Premises or neighboring properties to any meaningful risk of contamination or damage or expose Lessor to any liability therefor. In addition, Lessor may (but without any obligation to do so) condition its consent to the use or presence of any Hazardous Substance, activity or storage tank by Lessee upon Lessee's giving Lesser such additional assurances as Lessor, in its reasonable discretion, deems necessary to protect itself, the public, the Premises and the environment against damage, contamination or injury and/or liability therefrom or therefor, including, but not limited to, the installation (and removal on or before Lease expiration or earlier termination) of reasonably necessary protective modifications to the Premises (such as concrete encasements) and/or the deposit of an additional Security Deposit under Paragraph 5 hereof. (b) DUTY TO INFORM LESSOR. If Lessee knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, that a Hazardous Substance, or a condition involving or resulting from same, has come to be located in, on, under or about the Premises, other than as previously consented to by Lessor, Lessee shall immediately give written notice of such fact to Lessor. Lessee shall also immediately give Lessor a copy of any statement, report, notice, registration, application, permit, business plan, license, claim, action or proceeding given to, or received from, any governmental authority or private party. or persons entering or occupying the Premises. concerning the presence, spill, release, discharge of, or exposure to, any Hazardous Substance or contamination in, on, or about the Premises, including but not limited to all such documents as may be involved in any Reportable Uses involving the Premises. (c) INDEMNIFICATION. Lessee shall indemnify, protect, defend and hold Lessor, its agents, employees, lenders and ground lessor, if any, and the Premises, harmless from and against any and all loss of rents and/or damages. liabilities, judgments. costs, claims, liens, expenses, penalties, permits and attorney's and consultant's fees arising out of or involving any Hazardous Substance or storage tank brought onto the Premises by or for Lessee. [INSERT 7] Lessee's obligations under this Paragraph 6 shall include, but not be limited to, the effects or any contamination or injury to person, property or the environment created or suffered by Lessee, and the cost of investigation (including consultant's and attorney's fees and testing), removal, remediation restoration and/or abatement thereof, or of any contamination therein involved, and shall survive the expiration or earlier termination of this Lease. No termination, cancellation or release agreement entered into by Lessor and Lessee shall release Lessee from its obligations under this Lease with respect to Hazardous Substances or storage tanks, unless specifically so agreed by Lessor in writing at the time of such agreement. 6.3 LESSEE'S COMPLIANCE WITH LAW. Except as otherwise provided in this Lease, Lessee, shall, at Lessee's sole cost and expense, fully, diligently and in a timely manner, comply with all "APPLICABLE LAW," which term is used in this Lease to include all laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, directives, covenants, easements and restrictions of record, permits, the requirements of any applicable fire insurance underwriter or rating bureau, and the recommendations of Lessor's engineers and/or consultants, relating in any manner to the Premises (including but not limited to matters pertaining to (i) industrial hygiene, (ii) environmental conditions on, in, under or about the Premises, including soil and groundwater conditions, [INSERT 8] and (iii) the use, generation, manufacture, production, installation, maintenance, removal, transportation, storage, spill or release of any Hazardous Substance or storage tank) [INSERT 9] now in effect or which may hereafter come into effect, and whether or not reflecting a change in policy from any previously existing policy. Lessee shall, within five (5) days after receipt of Lessor's written request, provide Lessor with spies of all documents and information, including, but not limited to, permits, registrations, manifests, applications, reports and certificates, evidencing Lessee's compliance with any Applicable Law specified by Lessor, and shall immediately upon receipt, notify Lessor in writing (with copies of any documents involved) of any threatened or actual claim, notice, citation, warning, complaint or report pertaining to or involving failure by Lessee or the Premises to comply with any Applicable Law. 6.4 INSPECTION; COMPLIANCE. Lessor and Lessor's Lender(s) (as defined in Paragraph 8.3(a)) shall have the right to enter the Premises at any time, in the case of an emergency, and otherwise at reasonable times, for the purpose of inspecting the condition of the Premises and for verifying compliance by Lessee with this Lease and all Applicable Laws (as defined in Paragraph 6.3), and to employ experts and/or consultants in connection therewith and/or to advise Lessor with respect to Lessee's activities, including but not limited to the installation, operation, use, monitoring, maintenance, or removal of any Hazardous Substance or storage tank on or from the Premises [INSERT 10]. The costs and expenses of any such inspections shall be paid by the party requesting same, unless a Default or Breach of this Lease, violation of Applicable Law, or a contamination, caused or materially contributed to by Lessee is found to exist or be imminent, or unless' the inspection is requested or ordered by a governmental authority as the result of any such existing or imminent violation or contamination. In any such case, Lessee shall upon request reimburse Lessor or Lessor's Lender, as the case may be, for the costs and expenses of such inspections. 7. MAINTENANCE; REPAIRS; UTILITY INSTALLATIONS; TRADE FIXTURES AND ALTERATIONS. 7.1 LESSEE'S OBLIGATIONS. (a) Subject to the provisions of Paragraphs 2.2 (Lessor's warranty as to condition). GROSS PAGE 2 <PAGE> 7.2 (Lessor's obligations to repair), 9 (damage and destruction), and 14 (condemnation), Lessee shall, at Lessee's sole cost and expense and at all limes, keep the Premises and every part thereof in good order, condition and repair, (whether or not such portion of the Premises requiring repair, or the means of repairing the same, are reasonably or readily accessible to Lessee, and whether or not the need for such repairs occurs as a result of Lessee's use, any prior use, the elements or the age of such portion of the Premises), including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, all equipment or facilities serving the Premises, such as plumbing, heating, air conditioning, ventilating, electrical, lighting facilities, boilers, fired or unfired pressure vessels, fire sprinkler and/or standpipe and hose or other automatic fire extinguishing system, including fire alarm and/or smoke detection systems and equipment, fire hydrants, fixtures, walls (interior and exterior), ceilings, floors, windows, doors, plate glass, skylights, landscaping, driveways, parking lots, fences, retaining walls, signs, sidewalks and parkways located in, on, about, or adjacent to the Premises, but excluding foundations, the exterior roof and the structural aspects of the Premises. Lessee shall not cause or permit any Hazardous Substance to be spilled or released in, on, under or about the Premises (including through the plumbing or sanitary sewer system) and shall promptly, at Lessee's expense, take all investigatory and/or remedial action reasonably recommended, whether or not formally ordered or required, for the cleanup of any contamination of, and for the maintenance, security and/or monitoring of, the Premises, the elements surrounding same, or neighboring properties. that was caused or materially contributed to by Lessee, or pertaining to or involving any Hazardous Substance and/or storage tank brought onto the Premises by or for Lessee or under its control. Lessee, in keeping the Premises in good order, condition and repair, shall exercise and perform good maintenance practices. Lessee's obligations shall include restorations, replacements or renewals when necessary to keep the Premises and all improvements thereon or a part thereof in good order, condition and state of repair. Notwithstanding anything in Paragraph 7.1(a) and 7.2 to the contrary, Lessor will be responsible for exterior roof maintenance and Lessee will be responsible for the roof areas surrounding the skylights and the skylight maintenance, normal wear and tear excepted. (b) Lessee shall, at Lessee's sole cost and expense, procure and maintain contracts, with copies Promptly supplied, to Lessor, in customary form and substance for, and with contractors specializing and experienced in, the inspection, maintenance and service of the following equipment and improvements, if any, located on the Premises: (i) heating, air conditioning and ventilation equipment, (ii) boiler, fired or unfired pressure vessels, (iii) fire sprinkler and/or standpipe and hose or other automatic fire extinguishing systems, including fire alarm and/or smoke detection, (iv) landscaping and irrigation systems, (v) drain maintenance and (vi) asphalt and parking lot maintenance. Notwithstanding anything in Paragraph 7.1(b) to the contrary, Lessee has the option to contract with themself for said maintenance work, which shall be done in a professional manner, and give copies of all contracts to Lessor. 7.2 LESSOR'S OBLIGATIONS. Upon receipt of written notice of the need for such repairs and subject to Paragraph 13.5, Lessor shall, at Lessor's expense, keep the foundations. exterior roof and structural aspects of the Premises in good order, condition and repair, Lessor shall not, however, be obligated to paint the exterior surface of the exterior walls or to maintain the windows, doors or plate glass or the interior surface of exterior walls. Lessor shall not, in any event, have any obligation to make any repairs until Lessor receives written notice of the need for such repairs. It is the intention of the Parties that the terms of this Lease govern the respective obligations of the Parties as to maintenance and repair of the Premises. Lessee and Lessor expressly waive the benefit of any statute now or hereafter in effect to the extent it is inconsistent with the terms of this Lease with respect to, or which affords Lessee the right to make repairs at the expense of Lessor or to terminate this Lease by reason of, any needed repairs. Lessee will not be responsible for painting the building exterior during the initial five (5) year term except where there is graffiti or minor painting as the result of vandalism or other mischievous acts. 7.3 UTILITY INSTALLATIONS; TRADE FIXTURES; ALTERATIONS. (A) DEFINITIONS; CONSENT REQUIRED. The term "UTILITY INSTALLATIONS" is used in this Lease to refer to all carpeting, window coverings, air lines, power panels, electrical distribution, security, fire protection systems, communication systems, lighting fixtures, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning equipment, plumbing, and fencing in, on or about the Premises. The term "TRADE FIXTURES" shall mean Lessee's machinery and equipment that can be removed without doing material damage to the Premises. The term "ALTERATIONS" shall mean any modification of the improvements on the Premises from that which are provided by Lessor under the terms of this Lease, other than Utility Installations or Trade Fixtures, whether by addition or deletion. "LESSEE OWNED ALTERATIONS AND/OR UTILITY INSTALLATIONS" are defined as Alterations and/or Utility Installations made by lessee that are not yet owned by Lessor as defined in Paragraph 7.4(a). Lessee shall not make any Alterations or Utility Installations in, on, under or about the Premises without Lessor's prior written consent. Lessee may, however, make non-structural Utility Installations and alterations to the interior of the Premises (excluding the roof), as long as they are not visible from the outside, do not involve puncturing, relocating or removing the roof or any existing walls, and the cumulative cost thereof during the term of this Lease as extended does not exceed $80,000.00, or $20,000.00 per individual consent. Lessor shall have the right to request Lessee and Lessee shall comply with said request to return the building to the original condition, prior to any Lessee utility or trade fixture installations or alterations. (b) CONSENT. Any Alterations or Utility Installations that Lessee shall desire to make and which require the consent of the Lessor shall be presented to Lessor in written form with proposed detailed plans. All consents given by Lessor, whether by virtue of Paragraph 7.3(a) or by subsequent specific consent, shall be deemed conditioned upon: (i) Lessee's acquiring all applicable permits required by governmental authorities, (ii) the furnishing of copies of such permits together with a copy of the plans and specifications for the Alteration or Utility Installation to Lessor prior to commencement of the work thereon, and (iii) the compliance by Lessee with all conditions of said permits in a prompt and expeditious manner. Any Alterations or Utility Installations by Lessee during the term of this Lease shall be done in a good and workmanlike manner, with good and sufficient materials, and in compliance with all Applicable Law. Lessee shall promptly upon completion thereof furnish Lessor with as-built plans and specifications therefor. (c) INDEMNIFICATION. Lessee shall pay, when due, all claims for labor or materials furnished or alleged to have been furnished to or for Lessee at or for use on the Premises, which claims are or may be secured by any mechanics' or materialmen's lien against the Premises or any interest therein. Lessee shall give Lessor not less than ten (10) days' notice prior to the commencement of any work in, on or about the Premises, and Lessor shall have the right to post notices of non-responsibility in or on the Premises as provided by law. If Lessee shall, in good faith, contest the validity of any such lien, claim or demand, then Lessee shall, at its sole expense defend and protect itself, Lessor and the Premises against the same and shall pay and satisfy any such adverse judgment that may be rendered thereon before the enforcement thereof against the Lessor or the Premises. If Lessor shall require, Lessee shall furnish to Lessor a surety bond satisfactory to Lessor in an amount equal to one and one-half times the amount of such contested lien claim or demand, indemnifying Lessor against liability for the same, as required by law for the holding of the Premises free from the effect of such lien or claim. In addition, Lessor may require Lessee to pay Lessor's attorney's fees and costs in participating in such action if Lessor shall decide it is to its best interest to do so. 7.4 OWNERSHIP; REMOVAL; SURRENDER; AND RESTORATION. (A) OWNERSHIP. Subject to Lessor's right to require their removal or become the owner thereof as hereinafter provided in this Paragraph 7.4, all Alterations and Utility Additions made to the Premises by Lessee shall be the property of and owned by Lessee, but considered a part of the Premises. Lessor may, at any time and at its option, elect in writing to Lessee to be the owner of all or any specified part of the Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations. Unless otherwise instructed per subparagraph 7.4(b) hereof, all Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations shall, at the expiration or earlier termination of this Lease, become the property of Lessor and remain upon and be surrendered by Lessee with the Premises. Prior to Lessee completing any alterations or utility installations, Lessee shall have the option to request Lessor to notify Lessee if the alterations, equipment, or installations will have to be removed or can remain at the expiration of the Lease. (b) REMOVAL. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, Lessor may require that any or all Lessee Owned Alterations or Utility Installations be removed by the expiration or earlier termination of this Lease, notwithstanding their installation may have been consented to by Lessor. Lessor may require the removal at any time of all or any part of any Lessee Owned Alterations or Utility Installations made without the required consent of Lessor. Prior to Lessee completing any alternations or utility installations, Lessee shall have the option to request Lessor to notify Lessee if the alterations, equipment, or installations will have to be removed or can remain at the expiration of the Lease and Lessee shall submit a detailed drawing with each request. (c) SURRENDER/RESTORATION. Lessee shall surrender the Premises by the end of the last day of the Lease term or any earlier termination date, with all of the improvements, parts and surfaces thereof clean and free of debris and in condition as when received, ordinary wear and tear excepted. "ORDINARY WEAR AND TEAR" shall not include any damage or deterioration that would have been prevented by good maintenance practice or by Lessee performing all of its obligations under this Lease. Except as otherwise agreed or specified in writing by Lessor, the Premises, as surrendered, shall include the Utility Installations. The obligation of Lessee shall include the repair of any damage occasioned by the installation, maintenance or removal of Lessee's Trade Fixtures, furnishings, equipment, and Alterations and/or Utility Installations, as well as the removal of any storage tank installed by or for Lessee, and the removal, replacement, or remediation of any soil, material or ground water contaminated by Lessee, all as may then be required by Applicable Law and/or good service practice. Lessee's Trade Fixtures shall remain the property of Lessee and shall be removed by Lessee subject to its obligation to repair and restore the Premises per this Lease. Lessee acknowledges that all improvements, parts, and surfaces were in satisfactory condition at the commencement of the Lease, subject to the conditions set forth in Paragraph 2.2 of the Lease. 8. INSURANCE; INDEMNITY. 8.1 PAYMENT OF PREMIUM INCREASES. (a) Lessee shall pay to Lessor any insurance cost increase ("INSURANCE COST INCREASE") occurring during the term of this Lease. "INSURANCE COST INCREASE" is defined as any increase in the actual cost of the insurance required under Paragraphs 8.2(b), 8.3(a) and 8.3(b). ("REQUIRED INSURANCE"), over and above the Base Premium, as hereinafter defined, calculated on an annual basis. "INSURANCE COST INCREASE" shall include, but not be limited to, increases resulting from the nature of Lessee's occupancy, any act or omission of Lessee, requirements of the holder of a mortgage or deed of trust covering the Premises, increased valuation of the Premises, and/or a premium rate increase. If the parties insert a dollar amount in Paragraph 1.9. such amount shall be considered the "BASE PREMIUM." In no event, however, shall Lessee be responsible for any portion of the premium cost attributable to liability insurance coverage in excess of $1,000,000 procured under Paragraph 8.2(b) (Liability Insurance Carried By Lessor). At the commencement of the Lease, Lessor does not plan to carry earthquake insurance coverage. If at a later date, Lessor shall elect to carry earthquake insurance, Lessee will receive a new base insurance premium incorporating the earthquake insurance premium. Lessee will then pay any insurance cost over and above the combination of the original insurance cost paid by Lessor plus the cost of the earthquake insurance placed by Lessor. (b) Lessee shall pay any such Insurance Cost Increase to Lessor within thirty (30) days after receipt by Lessee of a copy of the premium statement or other reasonable evidence of the amount due. If the insurance policies maintained hereunder cover other property besides the Premises, Lessor shall also deliver to Lessee a statement of the amount of such Insurance Cost Increase attributable only to the Premises showing in reasonable detail the manner in which such amount was computed. Premiums for policy periods commencing prior to, or extending beyond, the term of this Lease shall be prorated to coincide with the corresponding Commencement or Expiration of the Lease term. 8.2 LIABILITY INSURANCE. (a) CARRIED BY LESSEE. Lessee shall obtain and keep in force during the term of this Lease a Commercial General Liability policy of insurance (Lessee shall promptly supply a copy to Lessor) protecting Lessee and Lessor (as an additional insured) against claims for bodily injury, personal injury and property damage based upon, involving or arising out of the ownership, use, occupancy or maintenance of the Premises and all areas appurtenant thereto. Such insurance shall be on an occurrence basis providing single limit coverage in an amount not less than $2,000,000.00 per occurrence with an "Additional Insured-Managers or Lessors of Premises" GROSS PAGE 3 <PAGE> Endorsement and contain the "Amendment of the Pollution Exclusion" for damage caused by heat, smoke or fumes from a hostile fire. The policy shall not contain any intra-insured exclusions as between insured persons or organizations, but shall include coverage for liability assumed under this Lease as an "insured contract" for the performance of Lessee's indemnity obligations under this Lease except those set forth in Section 6.2(c). The limits of said insurance required by this Lease or, as carried by Lessee shall not, however, limit the liability of Lessee nor relieve Lessee of any obligation hereunder. All insurance to be carried by Lessee shall be primary to and not contributory with any similar insurance carried by Lessor, whose insurance shall be considered excess insurance only. (b) CARRIED BY LESSOR. In the event Lessor is the Insuring Party, Lessor shall also maintain liability insurance described in Paragraph 8.2(a), above, in addition to, and not in lieu of, the insurance required to be maintained by Lessee. Lessee shall not be named as an additional insured therein. 8.3 PROPERTY INSURANCE--BUILDING, IMPROVEMENTS AND RENTAL VALUE. (a) BUILDING AND IMPROVEMENTS. The Insuring Party shall obtain and keep in force during the term of this Lease a policy or policies in the name of Lessor, with loss payable to Lessor and to the holders of any mortgages, deeds of trust or ground leases on the Premises ("LENDER(S)"), insuring loss or damage to the Premises. The amount of such insurance shall be equal to the full replacement cost of the Premises, as the same shall exist from time to time, or the amount required by Lenders, but in no event more than the commercially reasonable and available insurable value thereof if, by reason of the unique nature or age of the improvements involved, such latter amount is less than full replacement cost. Lessee Owned Alterations end Utility Installations shall be insured by Lessee under Paragraph 8.4. If the coverage is available and commercially appropriate, such policy or policies shall insure against all risks of direct physical loss or damage (except the perils of flood and/or earthquake unless required by a Lender), including coverage for any additional costs resulting from debris removal and reasonable amounts of coverage for the enforcement of any ordinance or law regulating the reconstruction or replacement of any undamaged sections of the Premises required to be demolished or removed by reason of the enforcement of any building, zoning, safety or land use laws as the result of a covered cause of loss, but not including plate glass Insurance. Said policy or policies shall also contain an agreed valuation provision in lieu of any coinsurance clause, waiver of subrogation, and inflation guard protection causing an increase in the annual property insurance coverage amount by a factor of not less than the adjusted U.S. Department of Labor Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers for the city nearest to where the Premises are located. (b) RENTAL VALUE. Lessor shall, in addition, obtain and keep in force during the term of this Lease a policy or policies in the name of Lessor, with loss payable to Lessor and Lender(s), insuring the loss of the full rental and other charges payable by Lessee to Lessor under this Lease for one (1) year (including all real estate taxes, insurance costs, and any scheduled rental increases). Said insurance shall provide that in the event the Lease is terminated by reason of an insured loss, the period of indemnity for such coverage shall be extended beyond the date of the completion of repairs or replacement of the Premises, to provide for one full year's loss of rental revenues from the date of any such loss. Said insurance shall contain an agreed valuation provision in lieu of any coinsurance clause, and the amount of coverage shall be adjusted annually to reflect the projected rental income, property taxes, insurance premium costs and other expenses, if any, otherwise payable BY Lessee, for the next twelve (12) month period. (d) TENANT'S IMPROVEMENTS. Since Lessor is the Insuring Party, the Lessor shall not be required to insure Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations unless the item in question has become the property of Lessor under the terms of this Lease. 8.4 LESSEE'S PROPERTY INSURANCE. Subject to the requirements of Paragraph 8.5, Lessee at its cost shall either by separate policy or, at Lessor's option, by endorsement to a policy already carried, maintain insurance coverage on all of Lessee's personal property, Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations in, on, or about the Premises similar in coverage to that carried by the Insuring Party under Paragraph 8.3. Such insurance shall be full replacement cost coverage with a deductible of not to exceed $10,000,00 per occurrence. The proceeds from any such insurance shall be used by Lessee for the replacement of personal property or the restoration of Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations. Lessee shall be the Insuring Party with respect to the insurance required by this paragraph 8.4 and shall provide Lessor with written evidence that such insurance is in force. 8.5 INSURANCE POLICIES. Insurance required hereunder shall be in companies duly licensed to transact business in the state where the Premises are located, and maintaining during the policy term a "General Policyholders Rating" of at least B+, V, or such other rating as may be required by a Lender having a lien on the Premises, as set forth in the most current issue of "Best's Insurance Guide." Lessee shall not do or permit to be done anything which shall invalidate the insurance policies referred to in this Paragraph 8. Lessee shall cause to be delivered to Lessor certified copies of, or certificates evidencing the existence and amounts of, the insurance, and with the additional insureds, required under Paragraph 8.2(a) and 8.4. No such policy shall be cancelable or subject to modification except after thirty (30) days prior written notice to Lessor. Lessee shall at least thirty (30) days prior to the expiration of such policies, furnish Lessor with evidence of renewals or "insurance binders" evidencing renewal thereof, or Lessor after making a commercially reasonable effort to notify Lessee, may order such insurance and charge the cost thereof to Lessee, which amount shall be payable by Lessee to Lessor upon demand. 8.6 WAIVER OF SUBROGATION. Without affecting any other rights or remedies, Lessee and Lessor ("WAIVING PARTY") each hereby release and relieve the other, and waive their entire right to recover damages (whether in contract or in tort) against the other, for loss of or damage to the Waiving Party's property arising out of or incident to the perils required to be insured against under Paragraph 8. The effect of such releases and waivers of the right to recover damages shall not be limited by the amount of insurance carried or required, or by any deductibles applicable thereto. 8.7 INDEMNITY. Except for Lessor and Lessor's employees, contractors, and agents negligence and/or breach of express warranties, Lessee shall indemnify, protect, defend and hold harmless the Premises, Lessor and its agents, Lessor's master or ground lessor, partners and Lenders, from and against any and all claims, loss of rents and/or damages, costs, liens, judgments, penalties, permits, attorney's and consultant's fees, expenses and/or liabilities arising out of, involving, or in dealing with, the occupancy of the Premises by Lessee, the conduct of Lessee's business, any act, omission or neglect of Lessee, its agents, contractors, employees or invitees, and out of any Default or Breach by Lessee in the performance in a timely manner of any obligation on Lessee's part to be performed under this Lease. The foregoing shall include, but not be limited to, the defense or pursuit of any claim or any action or proceeding involved therein, and whether or not (in the case of claims made against Lessor) litigated and/or reduced to judgment, and whether well founded or not. In case any action or proceeding be brought against Lessor by reason of any of the foregoing matters, Lessee upon notice from Lessor shall defend the same at Lessee's expense by counsel reasonably satisfactory to Lessor and Lessor shall cooperate with Lessee in such defense. Lessor need not have first paid any such claim in order to be so indemnified. 8.8 EXEMPTION OF LESSOR FROM LIABILITY. Except for the gross negligence or willful misconduct of Lessor or its agents, contractors, or employees, Lessor shall not be liable for injury or damage to the person or goods, wares, merchandise or other property of Lessee, Lessee's employees, contractors, invitees, customers, or any other person in or about the Premises, whether such damage or injury is caused by or results from fire, steam, electricity, gas, water or rain, or from the breakage, leakage, obstruction or other defects of pipes, fire sprinklers, wires, appliances, plumbing, air conditioning or lighting fixtures, or from any other cause, whether the said injury or damage results from conditions arising upon the Premises or upon other portions of the building of which the Premises are a part, or from other sources or places, and regardless of whether the cause of such damage or injury or the means of repairing the same is accessible or not. Lessor shall not be liable for any damages arising from any act or neglect of any other tenant of Lessor. Notwithstanding Lessor's negligence or breach of this Lease, Lessor shall under no circumstances be liable for injury to Lessee's business or for any loss of income or profit therefrom. 9. DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION. 9.1 DEFINITIONS. (a) "PREMISES PARTIAL DAMAGE" shall mean damage or destruction to the improvements on the Premises, other than Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations, the repair cost of which damage or destruction is less than 50% of the then Replacement Cost of the Premises immediately prior to such damage or destruction, excluding from such calculation the value of the land and Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations. (b) "PREMISES TOTAL DESTRUCTION" shall mean damage or destruction to the Premises, other than Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations the repair cost of which damage or destruction is 50% or more of the then Replacement Cost of the Premises immediately prior to such damage or destruction, excluding from such calculation the value of the land and Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations. (c) "INSURED LOSS" shall mean damage or destruction to improvements on the Premises, other than Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations, which was caused by an event required to be covered by the insurance described in Paragraph 8.3(a), irrespective of any deductible amounts or coverage limits involved. (d) "REPLACEMENT COST" shall mean the cost to repair or rebuild the improvements owned by Lessor at the time of the occurrence to their condition existing immediately prior thereto, including demolition, debris removal and upgrading required by the operation of applicable building codes, ordinances or laws, and without deduction for depreciation. (e) "HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE CONDITION" shall mean the occurrence or discovery of a condition involving the presence of, or a contamination by, a Hazardous Substance as defined in Paragraph 6.2(a), in, on, or under the Premises. 9.2 PARTIAL DAMAGE--INSURED LOSS. If a Premises Partial Damage that is an Insured Loss occurs, then Lessor shall, at Lessor's expense, repair such damage (but not Lessee's Trade Fixtures or Lessee Owned Alterations and Utility Installations) as soon as reasonably possible and this Lease shall continue in full force and effect. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the insurance proceeds are not sufficient to effect such repair, excluding deductibles, and in the event the shortage in proceeds was due to the fact that, by reason of the unique nature of the improvements, full replacement cost insurance coverage was not commercially reasonable and available, Lessor shall have no obligation to pay for the shortage in insurance proceeds or to fully restore the unique aspects of the Premises unless the shortage of insurance proceeds was caused by the Lessor's failure to carry the insurance required hereinunder or unless Lessee provides Lessor with the funds to cover same, or adequate assurance thereof, within ten (10) business days following receipt of written notice of such shortage and request therefor. If Lessor receives said funds or adequate assurance thereof within said ten (10) business day period, the party responsible for making the repairs shall complete them as soon as reasonably possible and this Lease shall remain in full force and effect. If Lessor does not receive such funds or assurance within said period, Lessor may nevertheless elect by written notice to Lessee within ten (10) business days thereafter to make such restoration and repair as is commercially reasonable with Lessor paying any shortage in proceeds, in which case this Lease shall remain in full force and effect. If in such case Lessor does not so elect, then this Lease shall terminate sixty (60) days following the occurrence of the damage or destruction. Unless otherwise agreed or unless Lessor does not spend the same on the construction of the Premises, Lessee shall in no event have any right to reimbursement from Lessor for any funds contributed by Lessee to repair GROSS PAGE 4 <PAGE> any such damage or destruction. Premises Partial Damage due to flood or earthquake shall be subject to Paragraph 9.3 rather than Paragraph 9.2, notwithstanding that there may be some insurance coverage, but the net proceeds of any such insurance shall be made available for the repairs if made by either Party. 9.3 PARTIAL DAMAGE - UNINSURED LOSS. If a Premises Partial Damage that is not an Insured Loss occurs, unless caused by a negligent or willful act of Lessee (in which event Lessee shall make the repairs at Lessee's expense and this Lease shall continue in full force and effect, but subject to Lessor's rights under Paragraph 13), Lessor may at Lessor's option, either: (i) repair such damage as soon as reasonably possible at Lessor's expense, in which event this Lease shall continue in full force and effect, or (ii) give written notice to Lessee within thirty (30) days after receipt by Lessor of knowledge of the occurrence of such damage of Lessor's desire to terminate this Lease as of the date sixty (60) days following the giving of such notice. In the event Lessor elects to give such notice of Lessor's intention to terminate this Lease, Lessee shall have the right within ten (10) days after the receipt of such notice to give written notice to Lessor of Lessee's commitment to pay for the repair of such damage totally at Lessee's expense and without reimbursement from Lessor. Lessee shall provide Lessor with the required funds or satisfactory assurance thereof within thirty (30) days following Lessee's said commitment. In such event this Lease shall continue in full force and effect, and Lessor shall proceed to make such repairs as soon as reasonably possible and the required funds are available. If Lessee does not give such notice and provide the funds or assurance thereof within the times specified above, this Lease shall terminate as of the date specified in Lessor's notice of termination. 9.4 TOTAL DESTRUCTION. Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, if a Premises Total Destruction occurs (including any destruction required by any authorized public authority), this Lease shall terminate sixty (60) days following the date of such Premises Total Destruction, whether or not the damage or destruction is an Insured Loss or was caused by a negligent or willful act of Lessee. In the event, however, that the damage or destruction was caused by Lessee, Lessor shall have the right to recover Lessor's damages from Lessee except as released and waived in Paragraph 8.6. 9.5 DAMAGE NEAR END OF TERM. If at any time during the last nine (9) months of the term of this Lease there is damage for which the cost to repair exceeds one (1) month's Base Rent, whether or not an Insured Loss, Lessor or Lessee may at its, terminate this Lease effective sixty (60) days following the date of occurrence of such damage by giving written notice to the other of its election to do so within thirty (30) days after the date of occurrence of such damage. Provided, however, if Lessee at that time has an exercisable option to extend this Lease or to purchase the Premises, then Lessee may preserve this Lease by, within twenty (20) days following the occurrence of the damage, or before the expiration of the time provided in such option for its exercise, whichever is earlier ("EXERCISE PERIOD"), (i) exercising such option and (ii) providing Lessor with any shortage in insurance proceeds (or adequate assurance thereof) needed to make the repairs. If Lessee duly exercises such option during said Exercise Period and provides Lessor with funds (or adequate assurance thereof) to cover any shortage in insurance proceeds, Lessor shall, at Lessor's expense repair such damage as soon as reasonably possible and this Lease shall continue in full force and effect. If Lessee fails to exercise such option and provide such funds or assurance during said Exercise Period, then Lessor may at Lessor's option terminate this Lease as of the expiration of said sixty (60) day period following the occurrence of such damage by giving written notice to Lessee of Lessor's election to do so within ten (10) days after the expiration of the Exercise Period, notwithstanding any term or provision in the grant of option to the contrary. 9.6 ABATEMENT OF RENT; LESSEE'S REMEDIES. (a) In the event of damage described in Paragraph 9.2 (Partial Damage-- Insured), whether or not Lessor or Lessee repairs or restores the Premises, the Base Rent, Real Property Taxes, insurance premiums, and other charges, if any, payable by Lessee hereunder for the period during which such damage, its repair or the restoration continues (not to exceed the period for which rental value insurance is required under Paragraph 8.3(b)), shall be abated in proportion to the degree to which Lessee's use of the Premises is impaired. Except for abatement of Base Rent, Real Property Taxes, insurance premiums, and other charges, if any, as aforesaid, all other obligations of Lessee hereunder shall be performed by Lessee, and Lessee shall have no claim against Lessor for any damage suffered by reason of any such repair or restoration. (b) If Lessor shall be obligated to repair or restore the Premises under the provisions of this Paragraph 9 and shall not commence, in a substantial and meaningful way, the repair or restoration of the Premises within ninety (90) days after such obligation shall accrue, Lessee may, at any time prior to the commencement of such repair or restoration, give written notice to Lessor and to any Lenders of which Lessee has actual notice of Lessee's election to terminate this Lease on a date not less than sixty (60) days following the giving of such notice. If Lessee gives such notice to Lessor and such Lenders and such repair or restoration is not commenced within thirty (30) days after receipt of such notice, this Lease shall terminate as of the date specified in said notice. If Lessor or a Lender commences the repair or restoration of the Premises within thirty (30) days after receipt of such notice, this Lease shall continue in full force and effect. "COMMENCE" as used in this Paragraph shall mean either the unconditional authorization of the preparation of the required plans. or the beginning of the actual work on the Premises, whichever first occurs. 9.7 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE CONDITIONS. If a Hazardous Substance Condition occurs, unless Lessee is legally responsible therefor (in which case Lessee shall make the investigation and remediation thereof required by Applicable Law and this Lease shall continue in full force and effect, but subject to Lessor's rights under Paragraph 13), Lessor may at Lessor's option either (i) investigate and remediate such Hazardous Substance Condition, if required, as soon as reasonably possible at Lessor's expense, in which event this Lease shall continue in full force and effect, or (ii) it the estimated cost to investigate and remediate such condition exceeds twelve (12) times the then monthly Base Rent, give written notice to Lessee within thirty (30) days after receipt by Lessor of knowledge of the occurrence of such Hazardous Substance Condition of Lessor's desire to terminate this Lease as of the date sixty (60) days following the giving of such notice. In the event Lessor elects to give such notice of Lessor's intention to terminate this Lease, Lessee shall have the right within ten (10) days after the receipt of such notice to give written notice to Lessor of Lessee's commitment to pay for the investigation and remediation of such Hazardous Substance Condition totally at Lessee's expense and without reimbursement from Lessor except to the extent of an amount equal to twelve (12) times the then monthly Base Rent. Lessee shall provide Lessor with the funds required of Lessee or satisfactory assurance thereof within thirty (30) days following Lessee's said commitment. In such event this Lease shall continue in full force and effect, and Lessor shall proceed to make such investigation and remediation as soon as reasonably possible and the required funds are available. If Lessee does not give such notice and provide the required funds or assurance thereof within the times specified above, this Lease shall terminate as of the date specified in Lessor's notice of termination. If a Hazardous Substance Condition occurs for which Lessee is not legally responsible, there shall be abatement of Lessee's obligations under this Lease to the same extent as provided in Paragraph 9.6(a) for a period of not to exceed twelve (12) months. 9.8 TERMINATION--ADVANCE PAYMENTS. Upon termination of this Lease pursuant to this Paragraph 9, an equitable adjustment shall be made concerning advance Base Rent and any other advance payments made by Lessee to Lessor. Lessor shall, in addition, return to Lessee so much of Lessee's Security Deposit as has not been, or is not then required to be, used by Lessor under the terms of this Lease. 9.9 WAIVE STATUTES. Lessor and Lessee agree that the terms of this Lease shall govern the effect of any damage to or destruction of the Premises with respect to the termination of this Lease and hereby waive the provisions of any present or future statute to the extent inconsistent herewith. 10. REAL PROPERTY TAXES. 10.1 (a) PAYMENT OF TAXES. Lessor shall pay the Real Property Taxes, as defined in Paragraph 10.2, applicable to the Premises; provided, however, that Lessee shall pay, in addition to rent, the amount, if any, by which Real Property Taxes applicable to the Premises increase over the fiscal tax year during which the Commencement Date occurs ("TAX INCREASE"). Subject to Paragraph 10.1(b), payment of any such Tax Increase shall be made by Lessee within thirty (30) days after receipt of Lessor's written statement setting forth the amount due and the computation thereof. Lessee shall promptly furnish Lessor with satisfactory evidence that such taxes have been paid. If any such taxes to be paid by Lessee shall cover any period of time prior to or after the expiration or earlier termination of the term hereof, Lessee's share of such taxes shall be equitably prorated to cover only the period of time within the tax fiscal year this Lease is in effect, and Lessor shall reimburse Lessee for any overpayment after such proration. In the event of a sale, refinance, or transfer, the new assessed property value for determining Lessee's payment of a property tax increase shall be $800,000.00. This shall apply only during the initial lease term. In addition, Lessee shall be responsible for the payment of other annual property tax increases. (b) ADVANCE PAYMENT. In order to insure payment when due and before delinquency of any or all Real Property Taxes, Lessor reserves the right, at Lessor's option, to estimate the current Real Property Taxes applicable to the Premises, and to require such current year's Tax Increase to be paid in advance to Lessor by Lessee: (i) in a lump sum amount equal to the amount due, at least twenty (20) days prior to the applicable delinquency date. If the amounts paid to Lessor by Lessee under the provisions of this Paragraph are insufficient to discharge the obligations of Lessee to pay such Tax Increase as the same becomes due, Lessee shall pay to Lessor, upon Lessor's demand, such additional sums as are necessary to pay such obligation and any excess payments shall be returned to Lessee. All moneys paid to Lessor under this paragraph may be intermingled with other moneys of Lessor and shall not bear interest. In the event of a Breach by Lessee in the performance of the obligations of Lessee under this Lease, then any balance of funds paid to Lessor under the provisions of this Paragraph may, subject to proration as provided in Paragraph 10.1(a), at the option of Lessor, be treated as an additional Security Deposit under Paragraph 5. (c) ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS. Notwithstanding Paragraph 10.1(a) hereof, Lessee shall pay to Lessor upon demand therefor the entirety of any increase in Real Property Taxes assessed by reason of Alterations or Utility Installations placed upon the Premises by Lessee or at Lessee's request. 10.2 DEFINITION OF "REAL PROPERTY TAXES." As used herein, the term "REAL PROPERTY TAXES" shall include any form of real estate tax or assessment, general, special, ordinary or extraordinary, and any license fee, commercial rental tax, improvement bond or bonds, levy or tax (other than inheritance, personal income or estate taxes) imposed upon the Premises by any authority having the direct or indirect power to tax, including any city, state or federal government, or any school, agricultural, sanitary, fire, street, drainage or other improvement district thereof, levied against any legal or equitable interest of Lessor in the Premises or in the real property of which the Premises are a part, Lessor's right to rent or other income therefrom, and/or Lessor's business of leasing the Premises. Any bond or special assessment will be prorated over the term of said bond or assessment and paid in an annual installment. The term "REAL PROPERTY TAXES" shall also include any tax, fee, levy, assessment or charge, or any increase therein, imposed by reason of events occurring, or changes in applicable law taking effect, during the term of this Lease, including but not limited to a change in the ownership of the Premises or in the improvements thereon, the execution of this Lease, or any modification, amendment or transfer thereof, and whether or not contemplated by the Parties. In the event of a sale, refinance, or transfer, the new assessed property value for determining Lessee's payment of a property tax increase shall be $800,000.00. This shall apply only during the initial lease term. In addition, Lessee shall be responsible for the payment of other annual property tax increases. In addition, Lessee will be responsible for property tax increases as a result of any tenant improvements made by Lessee which add to the assessed property valuation. GROSS PAGE 5 <PAGE> 10.4 PERSONAL PROPERTY TAXES. Lessee shall pay prior to delinquency all taxes assessed against and levied upon Lessee Owned Alterations, Utility Installations, Trade Fixtures, furnishings, equipment and all personal property of Lessee contained in the Premises or elsewhere. When possible, Lessee shall cause its Trade Fixtures, furnishings, equipment and all other personal property to be assessed and billed separately from the real property of Lessor. If any of Lessee's said personal property shall be assessed with Lessor's real property, Lessee shall pay Lessor the taxes attributable to Lessee within ten (10) days after receipt of a written statement setting forth the taxes applicable to Lessee's property or, at Lessor's option, as provided in Paragraph 10.1(b). 11. UTILITIES. Lessee shall pay for all water, gas, heat, light, power, telephone, trash disposal and other utilities and services supplied to the Premises, together with any taxes thereon. 12. ASSIGNMENT AND SUBLETTING. 12.1 LESSOR'S CONSENT REQUIRED. (a) Lessee shall not voluntarily or by operation of law assign, transfer, mortgage or otherwise transfer or encumber (collectively, "ASSIGNMENT") or sublet all or any part of Lessee's interest in this Lease or in the Premises without Lessor's prior written consent given under and subject to the terms of Paragraph 36. Lessor's consent shall not be unreasonably withheld and Lessor shall grant or deny consent within fifteen (15) days after receipt by Lessor of Lessee's written request, which shall include but not be limited to a description of the proposed operation, sufficient financial information (at least two (2) year tax returns and income statements) and written Landlord references with telephone numbers. (b) A change in the control of Lessee shall constitute an assignment requiring Lessor's consent. The transfer, on a cumulative basis, of forty percent (40%) or more of the voting control of Lessee shall constitute a change in control for this purpose. (c) The involvement of Lessee or its assets in any transaction, or series of transactions (by way of merger, sale, acquisition, financing, refinancing, transfer, leveraged buy-out or otherwise), whether or not a formal assignment or hypothecation of this Lease or Lessee's assets occurs, which results or will result in a reduction of the Net Worth of Lessee, as hereinafter defined, by an amount equal to or greater than twenty-five percent (25%) of such Net Worth of Lessee as it was represented to Lessor at the time of the execution by Lessor of this Lease or at the time of the most recent assignment to which Lessor has consented, or as it exists immediately prior to said transaction or transactions constituting such reduction, at whichever time said Net Worth of Lessee was or is greater, shall be considered an assignment of this Lease by Lessee to which Lessor may reasonably withhold its consent. "NET WORTH OF LESSEE" for purposes of this Lease shall be the net worth of Lessee (excluding any guarantors) established under generally accepted accounting principles consistently applied. (d) An assignment or subletting of Lessee's interest in this Lease without Lessor's specific prior written consent shall, at Lessor's option, be a Default curable after notice per Paragraph 13.1(c), or a noncurable Breach without the necessity of any notice and grace period. If Lessor elects to treat such unconsented to assignment or subletting as a noncurable Breach, Lessor shall have the right to either: (i) terminate this Lease, or (ii) upon thirty (30) days written notice ("Lessor's Notice"), increase the monthly Base Rent to fair market rental value or one hundred ten percent (110%) of the Base Rent then in effect, whichever is greater. Pending determination of the new fair market rental value, if disputed by Lessee, Lessee shall pay the amount set forth in Lessor's Notice, with any overpayment credited against the next installment(s) of Base Rent coming due, and any underpayment for the period retroactively to the effective date of the adjustment being due and payable immediately upon the determination thereof. Further, in the event of such Breach and market value adjustment, (i) the purchase price of any option to purchase the Premises held by Lessee shall be subject to similar adjustment to the then fair market value (without the Lease being considered an encumbrance or any deduction for depreciation or obsolescence, and considering the Premises at its highest and best use and in good condition), or one hundred ten percent (110%) of the price previously in effect, whichever is greater, (ii) any index-oriented rental or price adjustment formulas contained in this Lease shall be adjusted to require that the base index be determined with reference to the index applicable to the time of such adjustment, and (iii) any fixed rental adjustments scheduled during the remainder of the Lease term shall be increased in the same ratio as the new market rental bears to the Base Rent in effect immediately prior to the market value adjustment. (e) Lessee's remedy for any breach of this Paragraph 12.1 by Lessor shall be limited to compensatory damages and injunctive relief. 12.2 TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLICABLE TO ASSIGNMENT AND SUBLETTING. (a) Regardless of Lessor's consent, any assignment or subletting shall not: (i) be effective without the express written assumption by such assignee or sublessee of the obligations of Lessee under this Lease, (ii) release Lessee of any obligations hereunder, or (iii) alter the primary liability of Lessee for the payment of Base Rent and other sums due Lessor hereunder or for the performance of any other obligations to be performed by Lessee under this Lease. (b) Lessor may accept any rent or performance of Lessee's obligations from any person other than Lessee pending approval or disapproval of an assignment. Neither a delay in the approval or disapproval of such assignment nor the acceptance of any rent or performance shall constitute a waiver or estoppel of Lessor's right to exercise its remedies for the Default or Breach by Lessee of any of the terms, covenants or conditions of this Lease. (c) The consent of Lessor to any assignment or subletting shall not constitute a consent to any subsequent assignment or subletting by Lessee or to any subsequent or successive assignment or subletting by the sublessee. However, Lessor may consent to subsequent sublettings and assignments of the sublease or any amendments or modifications thereto but will notify Lessee or anyone else liable on the Lease or sublease and will obtain their consent, which shall not be unreasonably withheld, and such action shall not relieve such persons from liability under this Lease or sublease. (d) In the event of any Default or Breach of Lessee's obligations under this Lease, Lessor may proceed directly against Lessee, any Guarantors or any one else responsible for the performance of the Lessee's obligations under this Lease, including the sublessee, without first exhausting Lessor's remedies against any other person or entity responsible therefor to Lessor, or any security held by Lessor or Lessee. (e) Each request for consent to an assignment or subletting shall be in writing, accompanied by information relevant to Lessor's determination as to the financial and operational responsibility and appropriateness of the proposed assignee or sublessee, including but not limited to the intended use and/or required modification of the Premises, if any, together with anon-refundable deposit of $500.00 as reasonable consideration for Lessor's considering and processing the request for consent. Lessee agrees to provide Lessor with such other or additional information and/or documentation as may be reasonably requested by Lessor. (f) Any assignee of, or sublessee under, this Lease shall, by reason of accepting such assignment or entering into such sublease, be deemed, for the benefit of Lessor, to have assumed and agreed to conform and comply with each and every term, covenant, condition and obligation herein to be observed or performed by Lessee during the term of said assignment or sublease, other than such obligations as are contrary to or inconsistent with provisions of an assignment or sublease to which Lessor has specifically consented in writing. (g) The occurrence of a transaction described in Paragraph 12.1(c) shall give Lessor the right (but not the obligation) to require that the Security Deposit be increased to an amount equal to one and one half(1.5) times the then monthly Base Rent, and Lessor may make the actual receipt by Lessor of the amount required to establish such Security Deposit a condition to Lessor's consent to such transaction. (h) Lessor, as a condition to giving its consent to any assignment or subletting, will share equally with Lessee in the overage in rent received from a Sublessee or Assignee as compared to the rent being paid by the Lessee to Lessor, after only deducting any real estate brokerage commission. 12.3 ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLICABLE TO SUBLETTING. The following terms and conditions shall apply to any subletting by Lessee of all or any part of the Premises and shall be deemed included in all subleases under this Lease whether or not expressly incorporated therein: (a) Lessee hereby assigns and transfers to Lessor all of Lessee's interest in all rentals and income arising from any sublease of all or a portion of the Premises heretofore or hereafter made by Lessee, and Lessor may collect such rent and income and apply same toward Lessee's obligations under this Lease; provided, however, that until a Breach (as defined in Paragraph 13.1) shall occur in the performance of Lessee's obligations under this Lease, Lessee may, except as otherwise provided in this Lease, receive, collect and enjoy the rents accruing under such sublease. Lessor shall not, by reason of this or any other assignment of such sublease to Lessor, nor by reason of the collection of the rents from a sublessee, be deemed liable to the sublessee for any failure of Lessee to perform and comply with any of Lessee's obligations to such sublessee under such sublease. Lessee hereby irrevocably authorizes and directs any such sublessee, upon receipt of a written notice from Lessor stating that a Breach exists in the performance of Lessee's obligations under this Lease, to pay to Lessor the rents and other charges due and to become due under the sublease. Sublessee shall rely upon any such statement and request from Lessor and shall pay such rents and other charges to Lessor without any obligation or right to inquire as to whether such Breach exists and notwithstanding any notice from or claim from Lessee to the contrary. Lessee shall have no right or claim against said sublessee, or, until the Breach has been cured, against Lessor, for any such rents and other charges so paid by said sublessee to Lessor. (b) In the event of a Breach by Lessee in the performance of its obligations under this Lease, Lessor, at its option and without any obligation to do so, may require any sublessee to attorn to Lessor, in which event Lessor shall undertake the obligations of the sublessor under such sublease from the time of the exercise of said option to the expiration of such sublease; provided, however, Lessor shall not be liable for any prepaid rents or security deposit paid by such sublessee to such sublessor or for any other prior Defaults or Breaches of such sublessor under such sublease. (c) Any matter or thing requiring the consent of the sublessor under a sublease shall also require the consent of Lessor herein. (d) No sublessee shall further assign or sublet all or any part of the Premises without Lessor's prior written consent. (e) Lessor shall deliver a copy of any notice of Default or Breach by Lessee to the sublessee, who shall have the right to cure the Default of Lessee within the grace period, if any, specified in such notice. The sublessee shall have a right of reimbursement and offset from and against Lessee for any such Defaults cured by the sublessee. 13. DEFAULT; BREACH; REMEDIES. 13.1 DEFAULT; BREACH. Lessor and Lessee agree that if an attorney is consulted by Lessor in connection with a Lessee Default or Breach (as hereinafter defined), GROSS PAGE 6 <PAGE> and that Lessor may include the actual cost of such services and costs in said notice as rent due and payable to cure said Default. A "DEFAULT" is defined as a failure by the Lessee to observe. comply with or perform any of the terms, covenants. conditions or rules applicable to Lessee under this Lease. A "BREACH" is defined as the occurrence of any one or more of the following Defaults, and, where a grace period for cure after notice is specified herein, the failure by Lessee to cure such Default prior to the expiration of the applicable grace period, shall entitle Lessor to pursue the remedies set forth in Paragraphs 13.2 and/or 13.3: (a) The vacating of the Premises without the intention to reoccupy same, or the abandonment of the Premises for a period longer than six (6) months. (b) Except as expressly otherwise provided in this Lease, the failure by Lessee to make any payment of Base Rent or any other monetary payment required to be made by Lessee hereunder, whether to Lessor or to a third party, as and when due, the failure by Lessee to provide Lessor with reasonable evidence of insurance or surety bond required under this Lease, or the failure of Lessee to fulfill any obligation under this Lease which endangers or threatens life or property, where such failure continues for a period of five (5) business days following written notice thereof by or on behalf of Lessor to Lessee. Lessor to make a commercially reasonable effort to make a courtesy telephone call to Lessee if Lessee does not pay rent as scheduled. However, this effort shall not be a condition of this Lease. (c) Except as expressly otherwise provided in this Lease, the failure by Lessee to provide Lessor with reasonable written evidence (in duly executed original form, if applicable) of (i) compliance with applicable law per Paragraph 6.3, (ii) the inspection, maintenance and service contracts required under Paragraph 7.1(b), (iii) the recission of an unauthorized assignment or subletting per Paragraph 12.1(b), (iv) a Tenancy Statement per Paragraphs 16 or 37, (v) the subordination or non-subordination of this Lease per Paragraph 30, (vi) the guaranty of the performance of Lessee's obligations under this Lease if required under Paragraphs 1.11 and 37, (vii) the execution of any document requested under Paragraph 42 (easements), or (viii) any other documentation or information which Lessor may reasonably require of Lessee under the terms of this Lease, where any such failure continues for a period of ten (10) days following written notice by or on behalf of Lessor to Lessee. (d) A Default by Lessee as to the terms, covenants, conditions or provisions of this Lease, or of the rules adopted under Paragraph 40 hereof, that are to be observed, complied with or performed by Lessee, other than those described in subparagraphs (a), (b) or (c), above, where such Default continues for a period of thirty (30) days after written notice thereof by or on behalf of Lessor to Lessee; provided, however, that if the nature of Lessee's Default is such that more than thirty (30) days are reasonably required for its cure, then it shall not be deemed to be a Breach of this Lease by Lessee if Lessee commences such cure within said thirty (30) day period and thereafter diligently prosecutes such cure to completion. (e) The occurrence of any of the following events: (i) The making by lessee of any general arrangement or assignment for the benefit of creditors; (ii) Lessee's becoming a "debtor" as defined in 11 U.S.C. Section 101 or any successor statute thereto (unless, in the case of a petition filed against Lessee, the same is dismissed within sixty (60) days); (iii) the appointment of a trustee or receiver to take possession of substantially all of Lessee's assets located at the Premises or of Lessee's interest in this Lease, where possession is not restored to Lessee within thirty (30) days; or (iv) the attachment, execution or other judicial seizure of substantially all of Lessee's assets located at the Premises or of Lessee's interest in this Lease, where such seizure is not discharged within thirty (30) days; provided, however, in the event that any provision of this subparagraph (e) is contrary to any applicable law, such provision shall be of no force or effect, and not affect the validity of the remaining provisions. (f) The discovery by Lessor that any financial statement given to Lessor by Lessee or any Guarantor of Lessee's obligations hereunder was materially false. 13.2 REMEDIES. It Lessee fails to perform any affirmative duty or obligation of Lessee under this Lease, within ten (10) days after written notice to Lessee (or in case of an emergency, without notice), Lessor may at its option (but without obligation to do so), perform such duty or obligation on Lessee's behalf, including but not limited to the obtaining of reasonably required bonds, insurance policies, or governmental licenses, permits or approvals. The costs and expenses of any such performance by Lessor shall be due and payable by Lessee to Lessor upon invoice therefor. If any check given to Lessor by Lessee shall not be honored by the bank upon which it is drawn, due to insufficient funds, Lessor, at its option, may require all future payments to be made under this Lease by Lessee to be made only by cashier's check. In the event of a Breach of this Lease by Lessee, as defined in Paragraph 13.1, with or without further notice or demand, and without limiting Lessor in the exercise of any right or remedy which Lessor may have by reason of such Breach, Lessor may: (a) Terminate Lessee's right to possession of the Premises by any lawful means, in which case this Lease and the term hereof shall terminate and Lessee shall immediately surrender possession of the Premises to Lessor. In such event Lessor shall be entitled to recover from Lessee: (i) the worth at the time of the award of the unpaid rent which had been earned at the time of termination; (ii) the worth at the time of award of the amount by which the unpaid rent which would have been earned after termination until the time of award exceeds the amount of such rental loss that the Lessee proves could have been reasonably avoided; (iii) the worth at the time of award of the amount by which the unpaid rent for the balance of the term after the time of award exceeds the amount of such rental loss that the Lessee proves could be reasonably avoided; and (iv) any other amount necessary to compensate Lessor for all the detriment proximately caused by the Lessee's failure to perform its obligations under this Lease or which in the ordinary course of things would be likely to result therefrom, including but not limited to the cost of recovering possession of the Premises, expenses of reletting, including necessary renovation and alteration of the Premises, reasonable attorneys' tees, and that portion of the leasing commission paid by Lessor applicable to the unexpired term of this Lease. The worth at the time of award of the amount referred to in provision (iii) of the prior sentence shall be computed by discounting such amount at the discount rate of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco at the time of award plus one percent (1%). Efforts by Lessor to mitigate damages caused by Lessee's Default or Breach of this Lease shall not waive Lessor's right to recover damages under this Paragraph. If termination of this Lease is obtained through the provisional remedy of unlawful detainer, Lessor shall have the right to recover in such proceeding the unpaid rent and damages as are recoverable therein, or Lessor may reserve therein the right to recover all or any part thereof in a separate suit for such rent and/or damages. If a notice and grace period required under subparagraphs 13.1(b), (c) or (d) was not previously given, a notice to pay rent or quit, or to perform or quit, as the case may be, given to Lessee under any statute authorizing the forfeiture of leases for unlawful detainer shall also constitute the applicable notice for grace period purposes required by subparagraphs 13.1(b), (c) or (d). In such case, the applicable grace period under subparagraphs 13.1(b), (c) or (d) and under the unlawful detainer statute shall run concurrently after the one such statutory notice, and the failure of Lessee to cure the Default within the greater of the two such grace periods shall constitute both an unlawful detainer and a Breach of this Lease entitling Lessor to the remedies provided for in this Lease and/or by said statute. (b) Continue the Lease and Lessee's right to possession in effect (in California under California Civil Code Section 1951.4) after Lessee's Breach and abandonment and recover the rent as it becomes due, provided Lessee has the right to sublet or assign, subject only to reasonable limitations. See Paragraphs 12 and 36 for the limitations on assignment and subletting which limitations Lessee and Lessor agree are reasonable. Acts of maintenance or preservation, efforts to relet the Premises, or the appointment of a receiver to protect the Lessor's interest under the Lease, shall not constitute a termination of the Lessee's right to possession. (c) Pursue any other remedy now or hereafter available to Lessor under the laws or judicial decisions of the state wherein the Premises are located. (d) The expiration or termination of this Lease and/or the termination of Lessee's right to possession shall not relieve Lessee from liability under any indemnity provisions of this Lease as to matters occurring or accruing during the term hereof or by reason of Lessee's occupancy of the Premises. 13.3 INDUCEMENT RECAPTURE IN EVENT OF BREACH. Any agreement by Lessor for free or abated rent or other charges applicable to the Premises, or for the giving or paying by Lessor to or for Lessee of any cash or other bonus, inducement or consideration for Lessee's entering into this Lease, all of which concessions are hereinafter referred to as "INDUCEMENT PROVISIONS," shall be deemed conditioned upon Lessee's full and faithful performance of all of the terms, covenants and conditions of this Lease to be performed or observed by Lessee during the term hereof as the same may be extended. Upon the occurrence of a Breach of this Lease by Lessee, as dined in Paragraph 13.1, any such inducement Provision shall automatically be deemed deleted from this Lease and of no further force or effect, and any rent, other charge, bonus. inducement or consideration theretofore abated, given or paid by Lessor under such an Inducement Provision shall be immediately due and payable by Lessee to Lessor, and recoverable by Lessor as additional rent due under this Lease, notwithstanding any subsequent cure of said Breach by Lessee. The acceptance by Lessor of rent or the cure of the Breach which initiated the operation of this Paragraph shall not be deemed a waiver by Lessor of the provisions of this Paragraph unless specifically so stated in writing by Lessor at the time of such acceptance. 13.4 LATE CHARGES. Lessee hereby acknowledges that late payment by Lessee to Lessor of rent and other sums due hereunder will cause Lessor to incur costs not contemplated by this Lease, the exact amount of which will be extremely difficult to ascertain. Such costs include, but are not limited to, processing and accounting charges, and late charges which may be imposed upon Lessor by the terms of any ground lease, mortgage or trust deed covering the Premises. Accordingly, if any installment of rent or any other sum due from Lessee shall not be received by Lessor or Lessor's designee within seven (7) days after such amount shall be due, then, without any requirement for notice to Lessee, Lessee shall pay to Lessor a late charge equal to four percent (4%) of such overdue amount. The parties here agree that such late charge represents a fair and reasonable estimate of the costs Lessor will incur by reason of late payment by Lessee. Acceptance of such late charge by Lessor shall in no event constitute a waiver of Lessee's Default or Breach with respect to such overdue amount, nor prevent Lessor from exercising any of the other rights and remedies granted hereunder. In the event that a late charge is payable hereunder, whether or not collected, for three (3) consecutive installments of Base Rent, then notwithstanding Paragraph 4.1 or any other provision of this Lease to the contrary, Base Rent shall, at Lessor's option, become due and payable quarterly in advance. 13.5 BREACH BY LESSOR. Lessor shall not be deemed in breach of this Lease unless Lessor fails within a reasonable time to perform an obligation required to be performed by Lessor. For purposes of this Paragraph 13.5, a reasonable time shall in no event be less than thirty (30) days after receipt by Lessor, and by the holders of any ground lease, mortgage or deed of trust covering the Premises whose name and address shall have been furnished Lessee in writing for such purpose, of written notice specifying wherein such obligation of Lessor has not been performed; provided, however, that if the nature of Lessor's obligation is such that more than thirty (30) days after such notice are reasonably required for its performance, then Lessor shall not be in breach of this Lease if performance is commenced within such thirty (30) day period and thereafter diligently pursued to completion. Lessee may make needed repairs in an emergency situation and will make a best effort to notify Lessor prior to commencing any work, and will notify Lessor in writing as soon as reasonably possible thereafter. GROSS PAGE 7 <PAGE> 14. CONDEMNATION. If the Premises or any portion thereof are taken under the power of eminent domain or sold under the threat of the exercise of said power (all of which are herein called "CONDEMNATION"), this Lease shall terminate as to the part so taken as of the date the condemning authority takes title or possession, whichever first occurs. If more than ten percent (10%) of the floor area of the Premises, or more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the land area not occupied by any building, is taken by condemnation, Lessee may, at Lessee's option, to be exercised in writing within ten (10) days after Lessor shall have given Lessee written notice of such taking (or in the absence of such notice, within ten (10) days after the condemning authority shall have taken possession) terminate this Lease as of the date the condemning authority takes such possession. If Lessee does not terminate this Lease in accordance with the foregoing, this Lease shall remain in full force and effect as to the portion of the Premises remaining, except that the Base Rent shall be reduced in the same proportion as the rentable floor area of the Premises taken bears to the total rentable floor area of the building located on the Premises. No reduction of Base Rent shall occur if the only portion of the Premises taken is land on which there is no building. Any award for the taking of all or any part of the Premises under the power of eminent domain or any payment made under threat of the exercise of such power shall be the property of Lessor, whether such award shall be made as compensation for diminution in value of the leasehold or for the taking of the fee, or as severance damages; provided, however, that Lessee shall be entitled to any compensation separately awarded to Lessee for Lessee's relocation expenses and/or loss of Lessee's Trade Fixtures. In the event that this Lease is not terminated by reason of such condemnation, Lessor shall to the extent of its net severance damages received, over and above the legal and other expenses incurred by Lessor in the condemnation matter, repair any damage to the Premises caused by such condemnation, except to the extent that Lessee has been reimbursed therefor by the condemning authority. Lessee shall be responsible for the payment of any amount in excess of such net severance damages required to complete such repair. 15. BROKER'S FEE. 15.1 The Broker named in Paragraph 1.10 is the procuring causes of this Lease. 15.2 Upon execution of this Lease by both Parties, Lessor shall pay to said Broker, a fee as set forth in a separate written agreement between Lessor and said Broker (or in the event there is no separate written agreement between Lessor and said Brokers, the sum of $______ per separate agreement) for brokerage services rendered by said Brokers to Lessor in this transaction. 15.5 Lessee and Lessor each represent and warrant to the other that it has had no dealings with any person, firm, broker or finder (other than the Brokers, if any named in Paragraph 1.10) in connection with the negotiation of this Lease and/or the consummation of the transaction contemplated hereby, and that no broker or other person, firm or entity other than said named Brokers is entitled to any commission or finder's fee in connection with said transaction. Lessee and Lessor do each hereby agree to indemnify, protect, defend and hold the other harmless from and against liability for compensation or charges which may be claimed by any such unnamed broker, finder or other similar party by reason of any dealings or actions of the indemnifying Party, including any costs, expenses, attorneys' fees reasonably incurred with respect thereto. 15.6 Lessor and Lessee hereby consent to and approve all agency relationships, including any dual agencies, indicated in Paragraph 1.10. 16. TENANCY STATEMENT. 16.1 Each Party (as "RESPONDING PARTY") shall within ten (10) business days after written notice from the other Party (the "REQUESTING PARTY") execute, acknowledge and deliver to the Requesting Party a statement in writing in form similar to the then most current "TENANCY STATEMENT" form published by the American Industrial Real Estate Association, plus such additional information, confirmation and/or statements as may be reasonably requested by the Requesting Party. 16.2 If Lessor desires to finance, refinance, or sell the Premises, any part thereof, or the building of which the Premises are a part, Lessee and all Guarantors of Lessee's performance hereunder shall deliver to any potential lender or purchaser designated by Lessor such financial statements of Lessee and such Guarantors as may be reasonably required by such lender o; purchaser, including but not limited to Lessee's financial statements for the past three (3) years. All such financial statements shall be received by Lessor and such lender or purchaser in confidence and shall be used only for the purposes herein set forth. 17. LESSOR'S LIABILITY. The term "LESSOR" as used herein shaft mean the owner or owners at the time in question of the fee title to the Premises, or, it this is a sublease, of the Lessee's interest in the prior lease. In the event of a transfer of Lessor's title or interest in the Premises or in this Lease, Lessor shall deliver to the transferee or assignee (in cash or by credit) any unused Security Deposit held by Lessor at the time of such transfer or assignment. Except as provided in Paragraph 15, upon such transfer or assignment and deliver of the Security Deposit, as aforesaid, the prior Lessor shall be relieved of all liability with respect to the obligations and/or covenants under this Lease thereafter to be performed by the Lessor. Subject to the foregoing, the obligations and/or covenants in this Lease to be performed by the Lessor shall be binding only upon the Lessor as hereinabove defined. 18. SEVERABILITY. The invalidity of any provision of this Lease, as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction. shall in no way affect the validity of any other provision hereof. 19. INTEREST ON PAST-DUE OBLIGATIONS. Any monetary payment due Lessor hereunder, other than late charges, not received by Lessor within thirty (30) days following the data on which it was due, shall bear interest from the tenth (10th) day after it was due at the rate of 10% per annum, but not exceeding the maximum rate allowed by law, in addition to the late charge provided for in Paragraph 13.4. 20. TIME OF ESSENCE. Time is of the essence with respect to the performance of all obligations to be performed or observed by the Parties under this Lease. 21. RENT DEFINED. All monetary obligations of Lessee to Lessor under the terms of this Lease are deemed to be rent. 22. NO PRIOR OR OTHER AGREEMENTS;. This Lease contains all agreements between the Parties with respect to any matter mentioned herein, and no other prior or contemporaneous agreement or understanding shall be effective. 23. NOTICES. 23.1 All notices required or permitted by this Lease shall be in writing and may be delivered in person (by hand or by messenger or courier service) or may be sent by regular, certified or registered mail or U.S. Postal Service Express Mail, with postage prepaid, or by facsimile transmission, and shall be deemed sufficiently given if served in a manner specified in this Paragraph 23. The addresses noted adjacent to a Party's signature on this Lease shall be that Party's address for delivery or mailing of notice purposes. Either Party may by written notice to the other specify a different address for notice purposes, except that upon Lessee's taking possession of the Premises, the Premises shall constitute Lessee's address for the purpose of mailing or delivering notices to Lessee. Lessee agrees to send notices to both the corporate and subject building address as a courtesy only. However, Lessor sending a notice to only one address is sufficient to satisfy all noticing obligations. A copy of all notices require or permitted to be given to Lessor hereunder shall be concurrently transmitted to such party or parties at such addresses as Lessor may from time to time hereafter designate by written notice to Lessee. 23.2 Any notice sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, shall be deemed given on the date of delivery shown on the receipt card, or it no delivery date is shown, the postmark thereon. If sent by regular mail the notice shall be deemed given six (6) days after the same is addressed as required herein and mailed with postage prepaid. Notices delivered by United States Express Mail or overnight courier that guarantees next day delivery shall be deemed given twenty-four (24) hours after delivery of the same to the United States Postal Service or courier. If any notice is transmitted by facsimile transmission or similar means, the same shall be deemed served or delivered upon telephone confirmation of receipt of the transmission thereof, provided a copy is also delivered via delivery or mail. If notice is received on a Sunday or legal holiday, it shall be deemed received on the next business day. 24. WAIVERS. No waiver by Lessor of the Default or Breach of any term, covenant or condition hereof by Lessee, shall be deemed a waiver of any other term, covenant or condition hereof, or of any subsequent Default or Breach by Lessee of the same or of any other term, covenant or condition hereof. Lessor's consent to, or approval of, any act shall not be deemed to render unnecessary the obtaining of Lessor's consent to, or approval of, any subsequent or similar act by Lessee, or be construed as the basis of an estoppel to enforce the provision or provisions of this Lease requiring such consent. Regardless of Lessor's knowledge of a Default or Breach at the time of accepting rent, the acceptance of rent by Lessor shall not be a waiver of any preceding Default or Breach by Lessee of any provision hereof, other than the failure of Lessee to pay the particular rent so accepted. Any payment given Lessor by Lessee may be accepted by Lessor on account of moneys or damages due Lessor, notwithstanding any qualifying statements or conditions made by Lessee in connection therewith, which such statements and/or conditions shall be of no force or effect whatsoever unless specifically agreed to in writing by Lessor at or before the time of deposit of such payment. 25. RECORDING. Either Lessor or Lessee shall, upon request of the other, execute, acknowledge and deliver to the other a short form memorandum of this Lease for recording purposes. The Party requesting recordation shall be responsible for payment of any fees or taxes applicable thereto. However, this Lease or any short form of this Lease shall not be recorded by Lessee without written permission from Lessor. GROSS PAGE 8 <PAGE> 26. NO RIGHT TO HOLDOVER. Lessee has no right to retain possession of the Premises or any part thereof beyond the expiration or earlier termination of this Lease. If Lessee does not surrender possession of the Premises at the end of the term of this Lease, base rent shall thereafter be payable at a rate equal to one hundred fifty percent (150%) of the base rent described in Paragraph 1.5. 27. CUMULATIVE REMEDIES. No remedy or election hereunder shall be deemed exclusive but shall, wherever possible, be cumulative with all other remedies at law or in equity. 28. COVENANTS AND CONDITIONS. All provisions of this Lease to be observed or performed by Lessee are both covenants and conditions. 29. BINDING EFFECT; CHOICE OF LAW. This Lease shall be binding upon the parties, their personal representatives, successors and assigns and be governed by the laws of the State in which the Premises are located. Any litigation between the Parties hereto concerning this Lease shall be initiated in the county in which the Premises are located. 30. SUBORDINATION; ATTORNMENT; NON-DISTURBANCE. 30.1 SUBORDINATION. This Lease and any Option granted hereby shall be subject and subordinate to any ground lease, mortgage, deed of trust, or other hypothecation or security device (collectively, "SECURITY DEVICE"), now or hereafter placed by Lessor upon the real property of which the Premises are a part, to any and all advances made on the security thereof, and to all renewals, modifications, consolidations, replacements and extensions thereof. Lessee agrees that the Lenders holding any such Security Device shall have no duty, liability or obligation to perform any of the obligations of Lessor under this Lease, but that in the event of Lessor's default with respect to any such obligation, Lessee will give any Lender whose name and address have been furnished Lessee in writing for such purpose notice of Lessor's default and allow such Lender thirty (30) days following receipt of such notice for the cure of said default before invoking any remedies Lessee may have by reason thereof. If any Lender shall elect to have this Lease and/or any Option granted hereby superior to the lien of its Security Device and shall give written notice thereof to Lessee, this Lease and such Options shall be deemed prior to such Security Device, notwithstanding the relative dates of the documentation or recordation thereof. 30.2 ATTORNMENT. Subject to the non-disturbance provisions of Paragraph 30.3, Lessee agrees to attorn to a Lender or any other party who acquires ownership of the Premises by reason of a foreclosure of a Security Device, and that in the event of such foreclosure, such new owner shall not: (i) be liable for any act or omission of any prior lessor or with respect to events occurring prior to acquisition of ownership, (ii) be subject to any offsets or defenses which Lessee might have against any prior lessor, or (iii) be bound by prepayment of more than one (1) month's rent. 30.3 NON-DISTURBANCE. With respect to Security Devices entered into by Lessor after the execution of this Lease, Lessee's subordination of this Lease shall be subject to receiving assurance (a "NON-DISTURBANCE AGREEMENT") from the Lender that Lessee's possession and this Lease, including any options to extend the term hereof, will not be disturbed so long as Lessee is not in Breach hereof and attorns to the record owner of the Premises. At this time, there is no real estate loan on this property. In the event Lessor obtains a loan, he shall make a commercially reasonable effort to secure a commercially reasonable non-disturbance agreement from the new lender. This will not be an absolute requirement of Lessor, but a commercially reasonably effort made by Lessor. 30.4 SELF-EXECUTING. The agreements contained in this Paragraph 30 shall be effective without the execution of any further documents; provided, however, that, upon written request from Lessor or a Lender in connection with a sale, financing or refinancing of the Premises. Lessee and Lessor shall execute such further writings as may be reasonably required to separately document any such subordination or non-subordination, attornment and/or non-disturbance agreement as is provided for herein. 31. ATTORNEY'S FEES. If any Party or brings an action or proceeding to enforce the terms hereof or declare rights hereunder, the Prevailing Party (as hereafter defined) or in any such proceeding, action, or appeal thereon, shall be entitled to reasonable attorney's fees. Such fees may be awarded in the same suit or recovered in a separate suit, whether or not such action or proceeding is pursued to decision or judgment. The term, "PREVAILING PARTY" shall include, without limitation, a Party or who substantially obtains or defeats the relief sought, as the case may be, whether by compromise, settlement, judgment, or the abandonment by the other Party or of its claim or defense. The attorney's fee award shall not be computed in accordance with any court fee schedule, but shall be such as to fully reimburse all attorney's fees reasonably incurred. Lessor shall be entitled to attorney's fees, costs and expenses incurred in the preparation and service of notices of Default and consultations in connection therewith, whether or not a legal action is subsequently commenced in connection with such Default or resulting Breach. 32. LESSOR'S ACCESS; SHOWING PREMISES; REPAIRS. Lessor and Lessor's agents shall have the right to enter the Premises at any time, in the case of an emergency, and otherwise at reasonable times for the purpose of showing the same to prospective purchasers, lenders, or lessees, and making such alterations, repairs, improvements or additions to the Premises or to the building of which they are a part, as Lessor may reasonably deem necessary. Lessor may at any time place on or about the Premises or building any ordinary "For Sale" signs and Lessor may at any time during the last one hundred twenty (120) days of the term hereof place on or about the Premises any ordinary "For Lease" signs. All such activities of Lessor shall be without abatement of rent or liability to Lessee. As a courtesy only, Lessor will try to notify Lessee in advance of when they will be inspecting the building, but this is not a condition of the Lease. 33. AUCTIONS. Lessee shall not conduct, nor permit to be conducted, either voluntarily or involuntarily, any auction upon the Premises without first having obtained Lessor's prior written consent. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Lease, Lessor shall not be obligated to exercise any standard of reasonableness in determining whether to grant such consent. 34. SIGNS. Lessee shall not place any sign upon the Premises, except that Lessee may, with Lessor's prior written consent, install (but not on the roof) such signs as are reasonably required to advertise Lessee's own business. The installation of any sign on the Premises by or for Lessee shall be subject to the provisions of Paragraph 7 (Maintenance, Repairs, Utility Installations, Trade Fixtures and Alterations). Unless otherwise expressly agreed herein, Lessor reserves all rights to the use of the roof and the right to install, and all revenues from the installation of, such advertising signs on the Premises, including the roof, as do not unreasonably interfere with the conduct of Lessee's business. Lessee shall submit to Lessor the sign design and color for same for any sign to be placed on the exterior of the building. The design and colors, including the background color, shall be subject to Lessor's approval. No sign shall be erected or placed on the building without Lessor's prior approval of same. Lessee shall be limited to one sign. The location of same shall be on the front of the building facing Excelsior Drive. No sign may be placed on the other sides of the building. The size of the sign shall not be larger than three (3) feet by fourteen (14) feet. Said sign shall not be a lighted sign. No sign shall be placed by Lessee upon the roof of the building. In the event Lessee desires to change the sign design in any way after it is approved, Lessee must submit a new sign design to Lessor prior to installation of such newly designed sign. 35. TERMINATION; MERGER. Unless specifically stated otherwise in writing by Lessor, the voluntary or other surrender of this Lease by Lessee, the mutual termination or cancellation hereof, or a termination hereof by Lessor for Breach by Lessee, shall automatically terminate any sublease or lesser estate in the Premises; provided, however, Lessor shall, in the event of any such surrender, termination or cancellation, have the option to continue any one or all of any existing subtenancies. Lessor's failure within ten (10) days following any such event to make a written election to the contrary by written notice to the holder of any such lesser interest, shall constitute Lessor's election to have such event constitute the termination of such interest. 38. CONSENTS. (a) Except for Paragraph 33 hereof (Auctions) or as otherwise provided herein, wherever in this Lease the consent of a Party is required to an act by or for the other Party, such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed. Lessor's actual reasonable costs and expenses (including but not limited to architects', attorneys', engineers' or other consultants' fees) incurred in the consideration of, or response to, a request by Lessee for any Lessor consent pertaining to this Lease or the Premises, including but not limited to consents to an assignment, a subletting or the presence or use of a Hazardous Substance, practice or storage tank, shall be paid by Lessee to Lessor upon receipt of an invoice and supporting documentation therefor. Subject to Paragraph 12.2(e) (applicable to assignment or subletting), Lessor may, as a condition to considering any such request by Lessee, require that Lessee deposit with Lessor an amount of money (in addition to the Security Deposit held under Paragraph 5) reasonably calculated by Lessor to represent the cost Lessor will incur in considering and responding to Lessee's request. Except as otherwise provided. any unused portion of said deposit shall be refunded to Lessee without interest. Lessor's consent to any act, assignment of this Lease or subletting of the Premises by Lessee shall not constitute an acknowledgement that no Default or Breach by Lessee of this Lease exists, nor shall such consent be deemed a waiver of any then existing Default or Breach, except as may be otherwise specifically stated in writing by Lessor at the time of such consent. (b) All conditions to Lessor's consent authorized by this Lease are acknowledged by Lessee as being reasonable. The failure to specify herein any particular condition to Lessor's consent shall not preclude the imposition by Lessor at the time of consent of such further or other conditions as are then reasonable with reference to the particular matter for which consent is being given. 37. GUARANTOR. 38. QUIET POSSESSION. Upon payment by Lessee of the rent for the Premises and the observance and performance of all of the covenants, conditions and provisions on Lessee's part to be observed and performed under this Lease, Lessee shall have quiet possession of the Premises for the entire term hereof subject to all of the provisions of this Lease. 39. OPTIONS. 39.1 DEFINITION. As used in this Paragraph 39 the word "OPTION" has the following meaning: (a) the right to extend the term of this Lease or to renew this Lease 39.2 OPTIONS PERSONAL TO ORIGINAL LESSEE. The Option granted to Lessee in this Lease is personal to the original Lessee named in Paragraph 1.1 hereof and any affiliate and cannot be voluntarily or involuntarily assigned or exercise any person or entity other than said original Lessee or any affiliate while the original Lessee GROSS PAGE 9 <PAGE> is in full and actual possession of the Premises and without the intention of thereafter assigning or subletting. The Options, if any, herein granted to Lessee are not assignable, except to any affiliate either as a part of an assignment of this Lease or separately or apart therefrom, and no Option may be separated from this Lease in any manner, by reservation or otherwise. 39.3 MULTIPLE OPTIONS. In the event that Lessee has any Multiple Options to extend or renew this Lease, a later Option cannot be exercised unless the prior Options to extend or renew this Lease have been validly exercised. 39.4 EFFECT OF DEFAULT ON OPTIONS. (a) Lessee shall have no right to exercise an Option, notwithstanding any provision in the grant of Option to the contrary: (i) during the period commencing with the giving of any notice of Default under Paragraph 13.1 and continuing until the noticed Default is cured, or (ii) during the period of time any monetary obligation due Lessor from Lessee is unpaid (without regard to whether notice thereof is given Lessee), or (iii) during the time Lessee is in Breach of this Lease, or (iv) in the event that Lessor has given to Lessee three (3) or more notices of Default under Paragraph 13.1, whether or not the Defaults are cured, during the twelve (12) month period immediately preceding the exercise of the Option. (b) The period of time within which an Option may be exercised shall not be extended or enlarged by reason of Lessee's inability to exercise an Option because of the provisions of Paragraph 39.4(a). (c) All rights of Lessee under the provisions of an Option shall terminate and be of no further force or effect, notwithstanding Lessee's due and timely exercise of the Option, if, after such exercise and during the term of this Lease, (i) Lessee fails to pay to Lessor a monetary obligation of Lessee for a period of thirty (30) days after such obligation becomes due (without any necessity of Lessor to give notice thereof to Lessee), or (ii) Lessor gives to Lessee three (3) or more notices of Default under Paragraph 13.1 during any twelve (12) month period, whether or not the Defaults are cured, or (iii) if Lessee commits a Breach of this Lease. 41. SECURITY MEASURES. Lessee hereby acknowledges that the rental payable to Lessor hereunder does not include the cost of guard service or other security measures, and that Lessor shall have no obligation whatsoever to provide same. Lessee assumes all responsibility for the protection of the Premises, Lessee, its agents and invitees and their property from the acts of third parties. 42. RESERVATIONS. Lessor reserves to itself the right, from time to time, to grant, without the consent or joinder of Lessee, such easements, rights and dedications that Lessor deems necessary, and to cause the recordation of parcel maps and restrictions, so long as such easements, rights, dedications, maps and restrictions do not unreasonably interfere with the use of the Premises by Lessee. Lessee agrees to sign any documents reasonably requested by Lessor to effectuate any such easement rights, dedication, map or restrictions. 43. PERFORMANCE UNDER PROTEST. Waiver: No delay or omission in the exercise of any right or remedy of Lessor or Lessee on any default by the other party shall impair such a right or remedy or be construed as a waiver. The subsequent acceptance of Rent by Lessor after breach by Lessee of any covenant or term of this Lease shall not be deemed a waiver of such breach, other than a waiver of timely payment for the particular Rent payment involved, and shall not prevent Lessor from maintaining an unlawful detainer or other action based on such breach. No payment by Lessee or receipt by Lessor of a lesser amount than the monthly Rent and other sums due hereunder shall be deemed to be other than on account of the earliest Rent or other sums due, nor shall any endorsement or statement on any check or accompanying any check or payment be deemed an accordance and satisfaction; and Lessor may accept such check or payment without prejudice to Lessor's right to recover the balance of such Rent or other sum or pursue any other remedy provided in this Lease. 44. AUTHORITY. If either Party hereto is a corporation, trust, or general or limited partnership, each individual executing this Lease on behalf of such entity represents and warrants that he or she is duly authorized to execute and deliver this Lease on its behalf. If Lessee is a corporation, trust or partnership, Lessee shall, within thirty (30) days after request by Lessor, deliver to Lessor evidence satisfactory to Lessor of such authority. 45. CONFLICT. Any conflict between the printed provisions of this Lease and the typewritten or handwritten provisions shall be controlled by the typewritten or handwritten provisions. 46. OFFER. Preparation of this Lease by Lessor or Lessor's agent and submission of same to Lessee shall not be deemed an offer to lease to Lessee. This Lease is not intended to be binding until executed by all Parties hereto. 47. AMENDMENTS. This Lease may be modified only in writing, signed by the parties in interest at the time of the modification. The parties may amend this Lease from time to time to reflect any adjustments that are made to the Base Rent or other rent payable under this Lease. As long as they do not materially change Lessee's obligations hereunder, Lessee agrees to make such reasonable non-monetary modifications to this Lease as may be reasonably required by an institutional, insurance company, or pension plan Lender in connection with the obtaining of normal financing or refinancing of the property of which the Premises are a part. 48. MULTIPLE PARTIES. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, if more than one person or entity is named herein as either Lessor or Lessee, the obligations of such Multiple Parties shall be the joint and several responsibility of all persons or entities named herein as such Lessor or Lessee. LESSOR AND LESSEE HAVE CAREFULLY READ AND REVIEWED THIS LEASE AND EACH TERM AND PROVISION CONTAINED HEREIN, AND BY THE EXECUTION OF THIS LEASE SHOW THEIR INFORMED AND VOLUNTARY CONSENT THERETO. THE PARTIES HEREBY AGREE THAT, AT THE TIME THIS LEASE IS EXECUTED, THE TERMS OF THIS LEASE ARE COMMERCIALLY REASONABLE AND EFFECTUATE THE INTENT AND PURPOSE OF LESSOR AND LESSEE WITH RESPECT TO THE PREMISES. IF THIS LEASE HAS BEEN FILLED IN, IT HAS BEEN PREPARED FOR SUBMISSION TO YOUR ATTORNEY FOR HIS APPROVAL. FURTHER, EXPERTS SHOULD BE CONSULTED TO EVALUATE THE CONDITION OF THE PROPERTY AS TO THE POSSIBLE PRESENCE OF ASBESTOS, STORAGE TANKS OR HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES. NO REPRESENTATION OR RECOMMENDATION IS MADE BY THE AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATION OR BY THE REAL ESTATE BROKER(S) OR THEIR AGENTS OR EMPLOYEES AS TO THE LEGAL SUFFICIENCY, LEGAL EFFECT, OR TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LEASE OR THE TRANSACTION TO WHICH IT RELATES; THE PARTIES SHALL RELY SOLELY UPON THE ADVICE OF THEIR OWN COUNSEL AS TO THE LEGAL AND TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LEASE. IF THE SUBJECT PROPERTY IS LOCATED IN A STATE OTHER THAN CALIFORNIA, AN ATTORNEY FROM THE STATE WHERE THE PROPERTY IS LOCATED SHOULD BE CONSULTED. The parties hereto have executed this Lease at the place on the dates specified above to their respective signatures. Executed at Los Angeles, Calif. Executed at San Jose, Calif. ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- on 4/3/96 on 4/1/96 --------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------- by LESSOR: S&M DEVELOPMENT CO., A by LESSEE: BURKE INDUSTRIES, INC., A ----------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------- GENERAL PARTNERSHIP CALIFORNIA CORPORATION ----------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------- By /s/ John L Stern By /s/ Rocky Genovese --------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------- Name Printed: John Stern Name Printed: Rocky Genovese ---------------------------------- --------------------------------- Title: Title: President ----------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- By By --------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------- Name Printed: Name Printed: ---------------------------------- --------------------------------- Title: Title: ----------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- Address: 2330 Westwood Boulevard, Suite 104 Address: 2550 S. 10th Street --------------------------------------- -------------------------------------- Los Angeles, CA 90064 San Jose, CA 95112-4197 ----------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------- Tel. No. (310) 475-6428 Fax No. (310) 475-4038 Tel No. (800) 669-7010 Fax No. (408) 280-0699 --- ---------- --- --------- --- --------- --- --------- GROSS PAGE 10 NOTICE: These forms are often modified to meet changing requirements of law and industry needs. Always write or call to make sure you are utilizing the most current form: American Industrial Real Estate Association, 700 South Flower Street, Suite 600, Los Angeles, CA 90017. (213) 687-8777. Fax No. (213) 687-8616. <PAGE> ADDENDUM TO STANDARD INDUSTRIAL/COMMERCIAL SINGLE-TENANT LEASE - GROSS DATED MARCH 29, 1996 FOR THE PROPERTY AT 13615 EXCELSIOR DRIVE, SANTA FE SPRINGS, CALIFORNIA BY AND BETWEEN LESSOR: S&M DEVELOPMENT CO., A GENERAL PARTNERSHIP LESSEE: BURKE INDUSTRIES, INC., A CALIFORNIA CORPORATION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 49. On or before May 15, 1996, Lessee will make a rent payment to Lessor in the amount of $5,166.00 which represents the period from May 15-31, 1996. Then commencing July 1, 1996 regular monthly rent payments will be due on the first (1st) of each month through the balance of the lease term or any option period, subject to rental abatement in #51 below. 50. Beginning with the month of June, 1998, the rent shall be adjusted to $10,796.00 per month for the balance of the primary term which shall end January 31, 2001. 51. During the months of June, 1996 and June, 1997, Lessee will occupy the Premises free of base rent. However, during these months, Lessee will be responsible for complying with all other terms and conditions of this Lease. 52. Attached hereto is EXHIBIT "B" to this Lease which shows the original building permit and final inspection records for the premises when it was constructed in 1969. 53. Anything to the contrary in this Lease notwithstanding, Lessor has been advised by Lessee and Lessee warrants that they have contacted all appropriate governmental and other authorities regarding their occupancy and Lessee has satisfied itself that their proposed use is acceptable for this particular building in its current condition. No additional improvements and/or modifications whatsoever (except as required under repair and maintenance obligations) need to be made by the Lessor except those identified in Addendum, Paragraph 56 I and II. 54. The approximate 3,000 square foot exterior shed on the north side of the building has not been included in the square footage of this Lease for the purpose of calculation of base rent. Lessee is authorized to use this area only for storing pallets, debris, and the type of materials that can normally be stored outside, either covered or uncovered, with minimal damage from the elements. If Lessee uses this area for anything that would normally be stored inside of the building, Lessee will be required to pay an additional $600.00 per month in rent for the use of this space. 55 I. LESSEE IMPROVEMENTS-PHASE A: Lessee will accept the Premises with all systems in good working order with the Lessor having completed the following at their sole cost and expense except item "j". Lessee has inspected said work and approves the same. a. Prepare and paint walls and all previously painted surfaces throughout the office space. The color shall be white. b. Tack all wallpaper and patch surfaces prior to painting. c. Install industrial grade carpeting throughout. Install carpet flooring where applicable and new base where necessary. Lessee may install VCT flooring in the lobby and hallway leading to the shop area at their own cost and expense. d. Install door at second (2nd) room in lobby. e. Replace/repair all fans in restrooms. <PAGE> ADDENDUM - 13615 EXCELSIOR DRIVE SANTA FE SPRINGS PAGE 2 OF 5 f. Repair toilet partition latch at men's room in warehouse. g. Fix toilet #3 in mens bathroom/check toilets. h. Ladies toilet/warehouse - patch walls, fix cracked toilet, replace light fixture. i. Clean-up throughout office area. j. Render primary lighting system operational - inoperable primary lighting fixtures will be repaired or replaced, at Lessor's discretion. Fluorescent and surrounding lighting systems to be left "as is". Lessee will not be responsible for secondary systems. k. Fix downspout at northeast building corner. 55 II. LESSEE IMPROVEMENTS-PHASE B: On April 1, 1996, Lessee shall provide Lessor with written evidence from the City of Santa Fe Springs and/or any other governing body that their proposed use for the Premises is acceptable. Furthermore, on April 1, 1996, Lessee shall provide Lessor with building permits, all other necessary permits, and written documentation from the City fire department in order for Lessor to commence the improvement work in Phase B, as outlined below. For Phase B, Lessor shall contribute up to $15,000.00 and complete the following work. Lessor anticipates that the scope of work outlined in Phase B shall be completed on or before April 15, 1996, subject to Lessee executing and delivering a signed Lease with a check for the first (1st) months rent and security deposit to Lessor on April 1, 1996. However, if not complete by said date, Lessor shall use due diligence to complete said work as soon as is reasonably practical, subject to force majeure, City delays, governmental agency delays, strikes, acts of God, etc. a. Smoke vents and draft curtains will be installed in no more than the following quantities: 1. 11 skylights/smoke vents. 2. 350 lineal feet of 6' draft curtains. Anything to the contrary in Paragraph 7.2 of this lease notwithstanding, any roof leaks as a result of skylight installations shall be the responsibility of the Lessee, assuming the required work has been completed in a workmanlike fashion.. b. Lessor may remove broken plywood panels at rear and side of shed or at Lessor's discretion, may install new plywood as needed. Lessee will not use shed for their business except to store items that could be outside anyway. c. Contractor fees, architectural fees, permits, miscellaneous expenses and contingencies, etc. d. In the event these lessee improvement costs come in over the $15,000.00 contribution by Lessor, Lessee shall submit a check to Lessor for the overage in costs immediately upon request from Lessor. Lessor shall supply Lessee with copies of invoices for any overage in costs, if any. e. In the event these lessee improvement costs come in under the (up to) $15,000.00 contribution by Lessor, Lessor shall be entitled to keep any cost savings. 56. STACKING HEIGHT: Burke Industries represents to the Landlord that they have received appropriate approval from the Santa Fe Springs Fire Department enabling them to stack no higher than fourteen (14) feet, eleven (11) inches (14'11") for the type of products they propose to store in the subject warehouse. Under no circumstances will Lessee stack beyond 14'11". In addition, <PAGE> ADDENDUM - 13615 EXCELSIOR DRIVE SANTA FE SPRINGS PAGE 3 OF 5 there are numerous adhesives which Lessee will be storing where the height limit has already been designated at six (6) feet, and Lessee agrees to not stack said adhesives or other products that the fire department designates higher than this six (6) foot limit. 57. OPTION TO EXTEND Lessor hereby grants to Lessee the option to extend the term of this Lease for one (1) additional sixty (60) month period commencing when the prior term expires upon each and all of the following terms and conditions: (i) Lessee gives to Lessor, and Lessor actually receives on a date which is prior to the date that the option period would commence (if exercised) by at least nine (9) and not more than twelve (12) months, a written notice of the exercise of the option to extend this Lease for said additional term, time being of essence. If said notification of the exercise of said option is not so given and received, the option shall automatically expire; (ii) The provisions of Paragraph 39, including the provision relating to default of Lessee set forth in Paragraph 39.4 of this Lease are conditions of this Option; (iii) All of the terms and conditions of this Lease except where specifically modified by this option shall apply; (iv) The monthly rent for each month of the option period shall be calculated as follows: On February 1, 2001 the monthly rent payable under Paragraph 1.5 ("Base Rent") of the attached Lease shall be adjusted to the "Fair Market Value" of the property as follows, but in no event shall the monthly rent be less than $10,796.00. The baseball arbitration method shall be utilized in the event Lessor and Lessee are unable to reach agreement after negotiating in good faith for thirty (30) days following receipt by Lessor of Lessee's notice of election to exercise the option. If Lessor and Lessee are unable to agree on the rental rates and concessions after negotiating in good faith for thirty (30) days following receipt by Lessor of Lessee's notice of election to exercise the option, each shall submit their suggested rental rate within not more than ten (10) days, of the end of the thirty (30) day period specified in the beginning of this paragraph. Lessor and Lessee shall also, within that same ten (10) day time period, each appoint one (1) arbitrator who shall by profession be a real estate broker who has been active in connection with industrial properties in the Santa Fe Springs area over not less than a five (5) year period preceding the date of such appointment. The decision of the arbitrator shall be limited solely to the issue of whether Lessors or Lessees submitted lease extension rental rate is closer to the actual proper extension rate as determined by the arbitrators taking into account the option language above. Each such arbitrator shall be appointed within thirty (30) days after the applicable outside agreement date. The two (2) arbitrators so appointed shall within ten (10) days of the date of the appointment of the last appointed arbitrator agree upon and appoint a third (3rd) arbitrator who shall be qualified under the same criteria set forth herein above for qualification of the initial two (2) arbitrators. The three (3) arbitrators shall within thirty (30) days of the appointment of the third (3rd) arbitrator reach a decision as to whether the parties shall use Lessor's or Lessee's submitted extension rent and shall notify Lessor and Lessee thereof. The decision of the majority of the three (3) arbitrators shall be binding upon Lessor and Lessee. <PAGE> ADDENDUM - 13615 EXCELSIOR DRIVE SANTA FE SPRINGS PAGE 4 OF 5 If either Lessor or Lessee fails to appoint an arbitrator within thirty (30) days after the applicable outside agreement date, the arbitrator appointed by one of them shall reach a decision, notify Lessor and Lessee thereof, and such arbitrator's decision shall be binding upon Lessor and Lessee. If the two (2) arbitrators fail to agree upon and appoint a third (3rd) arbitrator within the time period provided above, then the Lessor and Lessee shall mutually select the third (3rd) arbitrator. If Lessor and Lessee are unable to agree upon the third (3rd) arbitrator within ten (10) days, then either party may, upon at least five (5) days prior written notice to the other party, request a presiding Judge of the Los Angeles County Superior Court, acting in his private and non-judicial capacity, to appoint the third (3rd) arbitrator. Following the appointment of the third (3rd) arbitrator, the panel of arbitrators shall within thirty (30) days thereafter reach a decision as to whether Lessor's or Lessee's submitted Extension Rent shall be used and shall notify Lessor and Lessee thereof. The cost of the arbitrators and the arbitration proceeding shall be paid by Lessor and Lessee equally. Lessee shall have an additional monthly rent increase at the beginning of the thirty-first (31st) month of this option period of four and one-half percent (4 1/2%) above the Fair Market Value rental rate that will have been established for the month of February, 2001. By way of example only, if the Fair Market Value rental rate for February, 2001 is $11,000.00, the new monthly rent for months 31-60 of this option period shall be $11,000.00 x 1.045 = $11,495.00. 58. AFFILIATE: Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in the Lease, Lessee may assign the Lease at any time, or sublease all or part of the Premises, without the receipt of Lessor's consent, to (i) an entity which is controlled by, controls, or is under common control with, Lessee (an "Affiliate"), or which owns or is owned by an Affiliate, (ii) an entity with which Lessee merges or consolidates, or (iii) a purchaser of all or substantially all of Lessee's stock or assets or all of the assets of the division operating from the Premises, so long as such transaction was not entered into as a subterfuge to avoid the obligations and restrictions of the Lease. The term "Control", as used in this addendum paragraph, shall mean the ownership, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person or entity, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise. 59. INDEMNIFICATION: Lessor and Lessee shall indemnify and hold the other and its Related Parties (defined below) harmless against and from liability and claims of any kind for loss or damage to property of the other and/or its Related Parties, or for any injury to or death of any person, arising out of (i) any breach or default by the other and/or its Related Parties of any of the other obligations under this Lease; or (ii) any negligent or otherwise tortuous act or omission of the other and/or its Related Parties. Lessor and Lessee shall, at their expense and by counsel reasonably satisfactory to the other, defend the other in any action or proceeding arising from any such claim and shall indemnify the other against all costs, attorney's fees, expert witness fees and any other expenses incurred in such action or proceeding. The "Related Parties" of an entity or individual (where appropriate) include, but are not limited to, all past, present and future employees, officers, directors, shareholders, contractors, subcontractors, invitees, customers, trust beneficiaries, partners, joint ventures, agents, successors, assigns, heirs, personal representatives, administrators, parent entities, subsidiaries and affiliates of that entity or individual (where appropriate). 60. INSURANCE: Lessee may carry insurance under a so-called "blanket" policy, provided that such policy provides that the amount of insurance required thereunder shall not be prejudiced by their losses covered thereby. <PAGE> ADDENDUM - 13615 EXCELSIOR DRIVE SANTA FE SPRINGS PAGE 5 OF 5 61. SECURITY: Lessee shall have the right to install its own security/alarm system and/or have its own security personnel in the Premises, at Lessee's sole and absolute discretion and Lessor shall have the option, at the end of the term, to elect to retain said system or have Lessee remove and return areas to their original condition. In the event Lessor elects to retain system, Lessor will be responsible for all future expenses to keep system operational. 62. ADA: Lessor shall deliver the Premises to Lessee in compliance with all governmental laws or regulations in effect as of the Commencement Date relating to the Americans with Disabilities Act. Thereafter, Lessor shall perform, at Lessor's sole cost and expense with respect to those portions of the Premises which Lessor is obligated to maintain and repair under Paragraph 7.2 of this lease, all requirements in order to comply with any governmental law or regulation relating to the Americans with Disabilities Act, including any re-enactment or subsequent codification, local or otherwise, except those which are caused by Lessee's specific unique use of the Premises. It is understood and agreed that the Lessee is responsible for ADA compliance with respect to those portions of the Premises which Lessee is obligated to maintain and repair under Paragraph 7.1 of this lease, in addition, if Lessee changes the use of the building or does alterations that trigger Lessor's obligations regarding ADA structural requirements (including but not limited to outside walkways, doors, etc.) then the Lessee shall be obligated to pay for said structural and outside work as well. 63. Lessee agrees to lock the gate during non business hours in order to keep the property secure. LESSOR: S&M DEVELOPMENT CO., A GENERAL PARTNERSHIP /s/ John L. Stern 4/1/96 ---------------------------------- --------------------------- SIGNATURE DATE ---------------------------------- --------------------------- SIGNATURE DATE LESSEE: BURKE INDUSTRIES, INC., A CALIFORNIA CORPORATION /s/ Rocky Genovese 4/1/96 --------------------------------- --------------------------- SIGNATURE DATE --------------------------------- --------------------------- SIGNATURE DATE <PAGE> EXHIBIT "A" (GRAPHIC OF FLOORPLAN) EXCELSIOR DRIVE THE Contact Exclusive Agent: SEELEY Stephen C. Calhous, SIOR COMPANY (213) 726-1200 - FAX (213) 726-1942 COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE SINE 1908 5801 East Slauson Avenue, Suite 160, Commerce, California 90040 The information contained is from sources we believe to be reliable but, we do not guarantee its accuracy. All measurements & dimensions are approximations and clients are encouraged to verify their accuracy. <PAGE> EXHIBIT "B" PAGE 1 of 3 (COPY OF CITY OF SANTA FE SPRINGS BUILDING PERMIT) <PAGE> EXHIBIT "B" PAGE 2 of 3 (COPY OF CITY OF SANTA FE SPRINGS BUILDING PERMIT) <PAGE> EXHIBIT "B" PAGE 3 of 3 (COPIES OF INSPECTION RECORDS)