Utah-Salt Lake City-2961 West California Avenue Lease - California Ave. Associates LLC and Origin Book Sales Inc.
CB Richard Ellis Real Estate Lease CB Richard Ellis, Inc. Brokerage and Management Licensed Real Estate Broker ARTICLE ONE: BASIC TERMS This Article One contains the Basic Terms of this Lease between the Landlord and Tenant named below. Other Articles, Sections and Paragraphs of the Lease referred to in this Article One explain and define the Basic Terms and are to be read in conjunction with the Basic Terms. Section 1.01. Date of Lease: July 16, 1998 Section 1.02. Landlord (include legal entity): CALIFORNIA AVE. ASSOCIATES, LLC Address of Landlord: 2961 West California Avenue, Salt Lake City, UT Section 1.03. Tenant (include legal entity): ORIGIN BOOK SALES, INC., a Utah Corporation Address of Tenant: 2961 West California Avenue, Building B, Suite E. Salt Lake City, UT Section 1.04. Property: The Property is part of the Landlord's multi-tenant real property development known as California Commerce Centre and described or depicted in Exhibit "A" (the "Project"). The Project includes the land, the buildings and all other improvements located on the land, and the common areas described in Paragraph 4.05(a). The Property is (include street address, approximate square footage and description): Approximately 28,066 square feet of office/warehouse space, with approximately 6,745 square feet of office space, located at 2961 West California Avenue, Building B. Suite E. Salt Lake City, UT. Section 1.05. Lease Term: Six (6) years, -0- months beginning on September 1, 1998 or such other date as is specified in this Lease, and ending on September 30, 1998. Section 1.06. Permitted Uses; (see Article Five): General administrative, storage and distribution use for book distribution. Section 1.07. Tenant's Guarantor; (if none, so state): Wade Cook Financial Corporation. Section 1.08. Brokers; (See Article Fourteen)(If note, so state): Landlords Broker: CB Richard Ellis, Inc. Tenant's Broker: CB Richard Ellis, Inc. Section 1.09. Commission payable to Landlord's Broker (See Article Fourteen): $ Section 1.10. Initial Security Deposit; (See Section 3.03): $16,494.00 (Sixteen thousand four hundred ninety-four dollars and no cents) Section 1.11. Vehicle Parking Spaces Allocated to Tenant; (See Section 4.06): Twenty-five (25) non-designated spaces. Section 1.12. Rent and Other Charges Payable by Tenant: (a) BASE RENT: Fourteen thousand six hundred fifty-four and ten cents Dollars ($4,654.10) per month for the first twelve (12) months, as provided in Section 3.01, an shall be increased on the first day of the thirteenth month(s) after the Commencement Date, either (i) as provided in Section 3.02, or (ii) fixed three (3%) percent increases per annum. (If (ii) is completed, then (i) and Section 3.02 are inapplicable.) (b) OTHER PERIODIC PAYMENTS: (i) Real Property Taxes; (See Section 4.02); (ii) Utilities; (See Section 4.03); (iii) Insurance Premiums; (See Section 4.04); (iv) Tenant's Initial Pro Rata Share of Common Area Expenses, 58%; (See Section 4.05); (v) Impounds for Insurance Premiums and Property Taxes; (See section 4.09); (vi) Maintenance, Repairs and Alterations; (See Article Six). Section 1.13. Landlord's Share of Profit on Assignment or Sublease; (See Section 9.05): One Hundred percent (100%) of the Profit (the "Landlord's Share"). Section 1.14. Riders: The following Riders are attached to and made a part of this Lease; (if none, so state): Addendum One: Personal Guaranty. ARTICLE TWO: LEASE TERM Section 2.01. Lapse of Property For Lease Term. Landlord leases the Property to Tenant and Tenant leases the Property from Landlord for the Lease Term. The Lease Term is for the Period stated in Section 1.05 above and shall begin and end on the dates specified in Section 1.05 above, unless the beginning or end of the Lease Term is changed under any provision of this Lease. The "Commencement Date" shall be the date specified in Section 1.05 above for the beginning of the Lease Term, unless advanced or delayed under any provision of this Lease. Section 2.02. Delay in Commencement. Landlord shall not be liable to Tenant if Landlord does not deliver possession of the Property to Tenant on the Commencement Date. Landlord's non-delivery of the Property to Tenant on that date shall not affect this Lease or the obligations of Tenant under this Lease except that the Commencement Date shall be delayed until the Landlord delivers possession of the Property to Tenant and the Lease Term shall be extended for a period equal to the delay in delivery of possession of the Property to Tenant, plus the number of days necessary to end the Lease Term on the last day of a month. If Landlord does not deliver possession of the Property to Tenant within sixty (60) days after the Commencement Date, Tenant may elect to cancel this Lease by giving written notice to Landlord within ten (10) days after the sixty (60) day period ends. If Tenant gives such notice, the Lease shall be canceled and neither Landlord nor Tenant shall have any further obligations to the other. If tenant does not give such notice, Tenant's right to cancel the Lease shall expire and the Lease Term shall commence upon the delivery of possession of the Property to Tenant. If delivery of possession of the Property to Tenant is delayed, Landlord and Tenant shall, upon such delivery, execute and amendment to this Lease, setting forth the actual 1 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> Commencement Date and expiration date of the Lease. Failure to execute such an amendment shall not affect the actual Commencement Date and expiration date of the Lease. Section 2.03. Early Occupancy. If the Tenant occupies the Property prior to the Commencement Date, Tenant's occupancy of the Property shall be subject to all the provisions of this Lease. Early occupancy of the Property shall not advance the expiration date of this Lease. Tenant shall pay Base Rent and all other charges specified in the Lease for the early occupancy period. Section 2.04. Holding Over. Tenant shall vacate the Property upon the expiration or earlier termination of this Lease Tenant shall reimburse Landlord for and indemnify Landlord against all damages which Landlord incure from Tenant's delay in vacating the Property. If Tenant does not vacate the Property upon the expiration or earlier termination of the Lease and Landlord thereafter accepts rent from Tenant, Tenant's occupancy of the Property shall be a "month-to-month" tenancy, subject to all the terms of this Lease applicable to a month-to-month tenancy, except that the Base Rent then in effect shall be increased by twenty-five percent (25%). ARTICLE THREE: BASE RENT Section 3.01. Time and Manner of Payment. Upon execution of this lese, Tenant shall pay Landlord the Base Rent in the amount stated in paragraph 1.12(a) above for the first month of the Lease Term. On the first day of the second month of the Lease Term and each month thereafter, Tenant shall pay Landlord the Base Rent, in advance, without offset, deduction, or prior demand. The Base Rent shall be payable at Landlord's address or at such other place as Landlord may designate in writing. Section 3.02. [intentionally deleted] (a) [intentionally deleted] (b) [intentionally deleted] Section 3.03. Security Deposit; Increase. (a) Upon the execution of this Lease, Tenant shall deposit with Landlord a cash Security Deposit in the amount set forth in Section 1.10 above. Landlord may apply all or part of the Security Deposit to any unpaid rent or other charges due from Tenant or to cure any other defaults of Tenant. If the Landlord uses any part of the Security Deposit, Tenant shall restore the Security Deposit to its full amount within ten (10) days after the Landlord's written request. Tenant's failure to do so shall be a material default under this Lease. Not interest shall be paid on the Security Deposit. Landlord shall not be required to keep the Security Deposit separate from its other accounts and no trust relationship is created with respect to the Security Deposit. (b) Each time the Base Rent is increased, Tenant shall deposit additional funds with the Landlord sufficient to increase the Security Deposit to an amount which bears the same relationship to the adjusted Base Rent as the initial Security Deposit bore to the initial Base Rent. Section 3.04. Termination; Advance Payments. Upon termination of this Lease under Article Seven (Damage or Destruction), Article Eight (Condemnation), or any other termination not resulting from Tenant's default, and after Tenant has vacated the Property in the manner required by this Lease, Landlord shall refund or credit to Tenant (or Tenant's successor) the unused portion of the Security Deposit, any advance rent or other advance payments made by Tenant to Landlord, and any amounts paid for real property taxes and other reserves with apply to any time periods after termination of the Lease. ARTICLE FOUR: OTHER CHARGES PAYABLE BY TENANT Section 4.01. Additional Rent. All charges payable by Tenant other than Base Rent are called "Additional Rent." Unless this Lease provides otherwise, Tenant shall pay all Additional Rent then due with the next monthly installment of Base Rent. The term "rent" shall mean Base Rent and Additional Rent. Section 4.02. Property Taxes. (a) Real Property Taxes. Tenant shall pay all real property taxes on the Property (including any fees, taxes or assessments against, or as a result of, any tenant improvements installed on the Property by or for the benefit of Tenant) during the Lease Term. Subject to Paragraph 4.02(c) and Section 4.08 below, such payment shall be made at least ten (10) days prior to the delinquency date of the taxes. Within such ten (10) day period, tenant shall furnish Landlord with satisfactory evidence that the real property taxes have been paid. Landlord shall reimburse Tenant for any real property taxes paid by Tenant covering any period of time prior to or after the Lease Term. If Tenant fails to pay the real property taxes when due, Landlord may pay the taxes and Tenant shall reimburse Landlord for the amount of such tax payment as Additional Rent. (b) Definition of "Real Property Tax." "Real Property Tax" means; (i) any fee, license fee, license tax, business license fee, commercial rental tax, levy, charge, assessment, penalty, or tax imposed by any taxing authority against the Property; (ii) any tax on the Landlord's right receive, or the receipt of, rent or income from the Property or against the Landlord's business of 2 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> leasing [illegible] property; (iii) and tax or charge for fire protection,[illegible] walks, road maintenance, refuse or other services [illegible] property by any government agency; (iv) any tax.[illegible].upon this transaction or based upon a re-assessment of the Property due to a change of ownership, as defined by applicable law, or other transfer of all or part of Landlord's interest in the Property; and (v) any charge or fee replacing any tax previously included within the definition of real property tax. "Real property tax" does not, however, include Landlord's federal or state income, franchise, inheritance, or estate taxes. (c) Joint Assessment. If the Property is not separately assessed, Landlord shall reasonably determine Tenant's share of the real property tax payable by Tenant under Paragraph 4.02(a) from the assessor's worksheets or other reasonably available information. Tenant shall pay such share to Landlord within fifteen (15) days after receipt of Landlord's written statement. (d) Personal Property Taxes. (i) Tenant shall pay all taxes charged against trade fixtures, furnishings, equipment or any other property belonging to Tenant. Tenant shall try to have personal property taxes separately from the Property. (ii) If any of Tenant's personal property is taxed with the Property, Tenant shall pay Landlord the taxes for the personal property within fifteen (15) days after Tenant receives a written statement from Landlord for such personal property taxes. Section 4.03. Utilities. Tenant shall pay, directly to the appropriate supplier, the cost of all natural gas, heat, light, power, sewer service, telephone, water, refuse disposal and other utilities and services supplied to the Property. However, if any services or utilities are jointly metered with other property, Landlord shall make a reasonable determination of Tenant's proportionate share of the cost of such utilities and services and Tenant shall pay such share to Landlord within fifteen (15) days after receipt of Landlord's written statement. Section 4.04. Insurance Policies. (a) Liability insurance. During the Lease Term, Tenant shall maintain a policy of commercial general liability insurance (sometimes known as broad form comprehensive general liability insurance) insuring Tenant against liability for bodily injury, property damage (including loss of use of property) and personal injury arising out of the operation, use or occupancy of the Property. Tenant shall name Landlord as an additional insured under such policy. The initial amount of such insurance shall be One Million Dollars ($1,000,000) per occurrence and shall be subject to periodic increase based upon inflation, increased liability awards, recommendation of Landlord's professional insurance advisers and other relevant factors. The liability insurance obtained by Tenant under this Paragraph 4.04(a) shall (i) be primary and non-contributing; (ii) contain cross-liability endorsements; and (iii) insure Landlord against Tenant's performance under Section 5.05, if the matters giving rise to the Indemnity under Section 6.05 result from the negligence of Tenant. The amount and coverage of such insurance shall not limit Tenant's liability nor relieve Tenant or any other obligation under this Lease. Landlord may also obtain comprehensive public liability insurance in an amount and with coverage determined by Landlord insuring Landlord against liability arising out of ownership, operation, use or occupancy of the Property. The policy obtained by Landlord shall not be contributory and shall not provide primary insurance. (b) Property and Rental Income Insurance. During the Lease Term, Landlord shall maintain policies of Insurance covering loss of or damage to the Property in the full amount of its replacement value. Such policy shall contain an Inflation Guard Endorsement and shall provide protection against all perils included within the classification of fire, extended coverage, vandalism, malicious mischief, special extended perils (all risks), sprinkler leakage and any other perils which Landlord deems reasonably necessary. Landlord shall have the right to obtain flood and earthquake insurance if required by any lender holding a security interest in the Property. Landlord shall not obtain insurance for Tenant's fixtures or equipment or building improvements installed by Tenant on the Property. During the Lease Term, Landlord shall also maintain a rental income insurance policy, with loss payable to Landlord, in an amount equal to one year's Base Rent, plus estimated real property taxes and insurance premiums. tenant shall be liable for the payment of any deductible amount under Landlord's or Tenant's insurance policies maintained pursuant to this Section 4.04, in an amount not to exceed Ten Thousand Dollars($10,000). Tenant shall not do or permit anything to be done which invalidates any such insurance policies. (c) Payment of premiums. Subject to Section 4.08. Tenant shall pay all premiums for the insurance policies described in Paragraphs 4.04(a) and (b) (whether obtained by Landlord or Tenant) within fifteen (15) days after Tenant's receipt of a copy of the premium statement or other evidence of the amount due, except Landlord shall pay all premiums for non-primary comprehensive public liability insurance which Landlord elects to obtain as provided in paragraph 4.04(a). For insurance policies maintained by Landlord which cover improvements on the entire Project, Tenant shall pay Tenant's prorated share of the premiums, in accordance with the formula in Paragraph 4.05(e) for determining Tenant's share of Common Area costs. If insurance policies maintained by Landlord cover improvements on real property other than the Project, Landlord shall deliver to Tenant a statement of the premium applicable to the Property showing in reasonable detail how Tenant's share of the premium was computed. If the Lease Term expires before the expiration of an insurance policy maintained by Landlord, Tenant shall be liable for Tenant's prorated share of the insurance premiums. Before the Commencement Date, Tenant shall deliver to Landlord the expiration of any such policy. Tenant shall deliver to Landlord a renewal of such policy. As an alternative to providing a policy of insurance, Tenant shall have the right to provide Landlord with a certificate of insurance, executed by an authorized officer of the insurance company, showing that the insurance which Tenant is required to maintain under this Section 4.04 is in full force and effect and containing such other information which Landlord reasonably requires. (d) General Insurance Provisions. (i) Any insurance which tenant is required to maintain under this Lease shall include a provision which requires insurance carrier to give Landlord not less than thirty (30) days' written notice prior to any cancellation or modification of such coverage. (ii) If Tenant fails to deliver any policy, certificate or renewal to Landlord required under this Lease within the prescribed time period or if any such policy is canceled or modified during the Lease Term without Landlord's consent, Landlord may obtain such insurance, in which case Tenant shall reimburse Landlord for the cost of such insurance within fifteen (15) days after receipt of a statement that indicates the cost of such insurance. (iii) Tenant shall maintain all insurance required under this Lease with companies holding a "General Policy Rating" of A-12 or better, as set forth in the most current issue of "Best Key Rating Guide." Landlord and Tenant acknowledge the insurance markets are rapidly changing and that insurance in the form and amounts described in this Section 4.04 may not be available in the future. Tenant acknowledges that the insurance described in this Section 4.04 for the primary benefit of Landlord. If at any time during the Lease Term, Tenant is unable to maintain the insurance required under the Lease, 3 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> Tenant shall nevertheless maintain insurance coverage [illegible] may and [illegible] reasonable in the insurance inc....enant's type of business, as the coverage may [illegible] from time to time. Landlord makes no representation as to the adequacy of such insurance to protect Landlord's or Tenant's interests. Therefore, Tenant shall obtain any such additional property or liability insurance which Tenant deems necessary to protect Landlord and Tenant. (iv) Unless prohibited under any applicable insurance policies maintained, Landlord and Tenant each hereby waive any and all rights of recovery against the other, or against the officers, employees, agents or representatives of the other, for loss of or damage to its property or the property of others under its control, if such loss or damage is covered by an insurance policy in force (whether or not described in this lease) at the time of such loss or damage. Upon obtaining the required policies of insurance, Landlord and Tenant shall give notice to the insurance carriers of this mutual wavier of subrogation. Section 4.05. Common Areas: Use, maintenance and Costs. (a) Common Areas. As used in this Lease, "Common Areas" shall mean all areas within the Project which are available for the common use of tenants of the project and which are not leased or held for the exclusive use of the Tenant or other tenants, including, but not limited to, parking areas, driveways, sidewalks, loading areas, access roads, corridors, landscaping and planted areas. Landlord, from time to time may change the size, location, nature, and use of any of the Common Areas, convert Common Areas into leaseable areas, construct additional parking facilities (including parking structures) in the Common Areas and increase or decrease Common Area land and/or facilities. Tenant acknowledges that such activities may result in inconveniences to Tenant. Such activities and changes are permitted if they do not materially affect the Tenant's use of the Property. (b) Use of Common Areas. Tenant shall have the nonexclusive right (in common with other tenants and all others to whom the Landlord has granted or may grant such rights) to use the Common Areas for the purposes intended, subject to such reasonable rules and regulations as Landlord may establish from time to time. Tenant shall abide by such rules and regulations and shall use its best effort to cause others who use the Common Areas with Tenant's express or implied permission to abide by Landlord's rules and regulations. At any time, Landlord may close any Common Areas to perform any acts in the Common Areas as, in Landlord's Judgement, are desirable to improve the Project. tenant shall not interfere with the rights of Landlord, or other tenants or any other person entitled to use Common Areas. (c) Specific Provision re; Vehicle Parking. Tenant shall be entitled to use the number of vehicle parking spaces in the Project allocated to the Tenant in Section 1.11 of the Lease without paying any additional rent. Tenant's parking shall not be reserved and shall be limited to vehicles no larger than standard size automobiles, pickup utility vehicles. Tenant shall not cause large trucks or other large vehicles to be parked within the Project or on the adjacent public streets. Temporary parking of large delivery vehicles in the Project may be permitted by the rules and regulations established by Landlord. Vehicles shall be parked only in striped parking spaces and not in driveways, loading areas or other locations not specifically designated for parking. handicapped spaces shall only be used by those legally permitted to use them. If Tenant parks more vehicles in the parking area than the number set forth in Section 1.11 of this Lease, such conduct shall be a material breach of this lease. in addition to the Landlord's other remedies under the lease, Tenant shall pay a daily charge determined by Landlord for each such additional vehicle. (d) Maintenance of Common Areas. Landlord shall maintain the Common Areas in good order, condition and repair and shall operate the Project in Landlord's sole discretion, as a first-class industrial/commercial real property development. Tenant shall pay Tenant's pro rata share (as determined below) of all cost incurred by Landlord for the operation and maintenance of the Common Areas. Common Area costs include, but are not limited to, costs and expenses for the following: gardening and landscaping; utilities, water and sewage charges; maintenance of signs (other than tenant's signs); premiums for liability, property damage, fire and other types of causality insurance on the Common Areas and worker's compensation insurance; all personal property taxes levied on or attributable to the Common Areas and all Common Area improvements; all personal property taxes levied on or attributable to personal property used in connection with the Common Areas; straight-line depreciation on personal property owned by Landlord which is consumed in the operation or maintenance of the Common Areas; rental or lease payments paid by Landlord for rented or leased personal property used in the operation or maintenance of the Common Areas; fees for required licenses and permits; repairing, resurfacing, repaving, maintaining, painting, lighting, cleaning, refuse removal, security and similar items; reserves for roof replacement and exterior painting and other appropriate reserves; and reasonable allowance to Landlord for Landlord's supervision of the Common Areas (not to exceed five percent (5%) of the gross rents of the project for the calendar year). Landlord may cause any or all of such services to be provided by third parties and the cost of such services shall be included in Common Area costs. Common Area costs shall not include depreciation of real property which forms part of the Common Areas. (e) Tenant's Share and Payment. Tenant shall pay Tenant's annual pro rata share of all Common Area costs (prorated for any fractional month) upon written notice from Landlord that such costs are due and payable, and in any event prior to delinquency. Tenant's pro rata share shall be calculated by dividing the square foot area of the Property, as set forth in section 1.04 of the Lease, by the aggregate square foot area of the Project which is leased or held for lease by tenants, as of the date on which the computation is made. Tenant's initial pro rata share is set out in Paragraph 1.12(b). Any changes in the Common Area costs and/or the aggregate area of the Project leased or held for lease during the Lease Term shall be effective on the first day of the month after such change occurs. Landlord may, at Landlord's election, estimate in advance and charge to Tenant as Common Area costs, all real property taxes for which Tenant is liable under Section 4.02 of the Lease, all insurance premiums for which Tenant is liable under Section 4.04 of the lease, all maintenance and repair costs for which Tenant is liable under Section 6.04 of the Lease, and all other common Area costs payable by Tenant hereunder. At Landlord's election such statements of estimated Common Area costs shall be delivered monthly, quarterly, or at any other periodic intervals to be designated by the Landlord. Landlord may adjust such estimates at any time based upon Landlord's experience and reasonable anticipation of costs. Such adjustments shall be effective as of the next rent payment date after notice to Tenant. Within sixty (60) days after the end of each calendar year of the Lease Term, Landlord shall deliver to Tenant a statement prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles setting forth, in reasonable detail, the Common Area costs paid or incurred by Landlord during the preceding calendar year and Tenant's pro rata share. upon receipt of such statement there shall be an adjustment between Landlord and Tenant, with payment to or credit given by Landlord (as the case may be) so that Landlord shall receive the entire amount of Tenant's share of such costs and expenses for such period. Section 4.06 Late Charges. Tenant's failure to pay rent promptly may cause Landlord to incur unanticipated costs. The exact amount of such costs are impractical or extremely difficult to ascertain. Such costs may include, but are not limited to, processing and accounting charges and late charges which may be imposed on Landlord by any ground lease, mortgage or trust deed encumbering the Property. Therefore, if Landlord does not receive any rent payment within ten (10) days after it 4 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> becomes due, Tenant shall pay Landlord late charge equal to ten percent (10%) of the overdue amount. The parties agree that such percentage represents a fair and reasonable estimate of costs Landlord will incur by reason of such late payment. Section 4.07. Interest on past Due Obligations. Any amount owed by Tenant to Landlord which is not paid when due shall bear interest at the rate of fifteen percent (15%) per annum from the due date of such amount. However, interest shall not be payable on late charges to be paid by Tenant under this Lease. The payment of interest on such amount shall not excuse or cure any default by Tenant under this Lease. If the interest rate specified in this Lease is higher than the rate permitted by law, the interest rate is hereby decreased to the maximum legal interest rate permitted by law. Section 4.08. Impounds for Insurance Premiums and Real Estate Taxes. If requested by any ground lessor or lender to whom Landlord has granted a security interest in the Property, or if Tenant is more than ten (10) days late in the payment of rent more than once in any consecutive twelve (12) -month period, Tenant shall pay Landlord a sum equal to one-twelfth (1/12) of the annual real property taxes and insurance premiums payable by Tenant under this Lease, together with each payment of Base Rent. Landlord shall hold such payments in a non-interest bearing impound account. If unknown, Landlord shall reasonably estimate the amount of real property taxes and insurance premiums when due. Tenant shall pay any deficiency of funds in the impound account to Landlord upon written request. If Tenant defaults under this Lease, Landlord may apply any funds in the impound account to any obligation then due under this Lease. ARTICLE FIVE: USE OF PROPERTY Section 5.01. Permitted Uses. Tenant may use the Property only for the Permitted Uses set forth in Section 1.06 above. Section 5.02. Manner of Use. Tenant shall not cause or permit the Property to be used in any way which constitutes a violation of any law, ordinance, or governmental regulation or order, which annoys or interferes with the rights of tenants of the Project, or which constitutes a nuisance or waste. Tenant shall obtain and pay for all permits, including a Certificate of Occupancy, required for Tenant's occupancy of the Property and shall promptly take all actions necessary to comply with all applicable statutes, ordinances, rules, regulations, orders and requirements regulating the use by Tenant of the Property, including the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Section 5.03. Hazardous Materials. As used in this Lease, the term "Hazardous Material" means any flammable items, explosives, radioactive materials, hazardous or toxic substances, material or waste or related materials, including any substances defined as of included in the definition of "hazardous substances", "hazardous wastes", "hazardous materials" or "toxic substances" now or subsequently regulated under any applicable federal, state or local laws or regulations, including without limitation petroleum-based products, paints, solvents, lead, cyanide, DDT, printing inks, acids, pesticides, ammonia compounds and other chemical products, asbestos, PCBs and other similar compounds, and including any different products and materials which are subsequently found to have adverse effects on the environment or the health and safety of persons. Tenant shall not cause or permit any Hazardous Material to be generated, produced, brought upon, used, stored, treated or disposed of in or about the Property by Tenant, its agents, employees, contractors, sublessees or invitees without the prior written consent of Landlord. Landlord shall be entitled to take into account such other factors or facts as Landlord may reasonably determine to be relevant in determining whether to grant or withhold consent to Tenant's proposed activity with respect to Hazardous Material. In no event, however, shall Landlord be required to consent to the installation or use of any storage tanks on the Property. Section 5.04. Signs and Auctions. Tenant shall not place any signs on the Property without Landlord's prior written consent. Tenant shall not conduct or permit any auctions or sheriff's sales at the Property. Section 5.05. Indemnity. Tenant shall indemnify Landlord against and hold Landlord harmless from any and all costs, claims or liabilities arising from: (a) Tenant's use of the Property; (b) the conduct of Tenant's business or anything else done or permitted by Tenant to be done in or about the Property, including any contamination of the Property or any other property resulting from the presence or use of Hazardous Material caused or permitted by Tenant; (c) any breach or default in the performance of Tenant's obligations under this Lease; (d) any misrepresentation or breach of warranty by Tenant under this Lease; or (e) other acts or omissions of Tenant. Tenant shall defend Landlord against any such cost, claim or liability at Tenant's expense with counsel reasonably acceptable to Landlord, or, at Landlord's election, Tenant shall reimburse Landlord for any legal fees or costs incurred by Landlord in connection with any such claim. As a material part of the consideration to Landlord, Tenant assumes all risk of damage to property or injury to persons in or about the Property arising from any cause, and Tenant hereby waives all claims in respect thereof against Landlord, except for any claim arising out of Landlord's gross negligence or willful misconduct. As used in this Section, the term "Tenant" shall include Tenant's employees, agents, contractors, and invitees, if applicable. Section 5.06. Landlord's Access. Landlord or its agents may enter the Property at all reasonable times to show the Property to potential buyers, investors or Landlords or other parties; to do any other act or to inspect and conduct tests in order to monitor Tenant's compliance with all applicable environmental laws and all laws governing the presence and use of Hazardous Material; or for any other purpose Landlord deems necessary. Landlord shall give Tenant prior notice of such entry, except in the case of an emergency, Landlord may place customary "For Sale" or "For Lease" signs on the Property. Section 5.07. Quiet Possession. If Tenant pays the rent and complies with all other terms of this Lease, Tenant may occupy and enjoy the Property for the full Lease Term, subject to the provisions of this Lease. ARTICLE SIX: CONDITION OF PROPERTY; MAINTENANCE, REPAIRS AND ALTERATIONS Section 6.01. Existing Conditions. Tenant accepts the Property in its condition as of the execution of the Lease, subject to all recorded matters, laws, ordinances, and governmental regulations and orders. Except as provided herein, Tenant acknowledges that neither Landlord nor any agent of Landlord has made any representation as to the condition of the Property or the suitability of the Property for Tenant's intended use. Tenant represents and warrants that Tenant has made its own inspection of and inquiry regarding the condition of the Property and is not relying on any representations of Landlord or any Broker with respect thereto. If Landlord or Landlord's Broker has provided a Property Information Sheet or other Disclosure Statement regarding the Property, a copy is attached as an exhibit to the Lease. Section 6.02. Exemption of Landlord from Liability. Landlord shall not be liable for any damage or injury to the person, business (or any loss of income therefrom) goods, wares, merchandise or other property of Tenant, Tenant's employees, invitees, customers or any other person in or about the Property, whether such damage or injury is caused by or results from: (a) fire, steam, electricity, water, gas or rain; (b) the breakage, leakage, obstruction or other defects of pipes, sprinklers, wires, appliances, plumbing, air conditioning or lighting fixtures or any other cause; (c) conditions arising in or about the Property or 5 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> upon other portions of the Project, or from other sources or ----------; (d) any act or omission of any other Landlord of the Project. ----------- shall not be liable for any such damage or injury ---------------- the cause of or the means of repairing such damage ------------------ not accessible to Tenant. The provisions of this Section 6.02 shall not, however, exempt Landlord from liability for Landlord's gross negligence or willful misconduct. Section 6.03. Landlord's Obligations. (a) Except as provided in Article Seven (Damage or Destruction) and Article Eight (Condemnation), Landlord shall keep the following in good order, condition and repair: the foundations, exterior walls and roof of the Property (including painting the exterior surface of the exterior walls of the Property not more often than once every five (5) years, if necessary) and all components of electrical, mechanical, plumbing, heating and air conditioning systems and facilities located in the Property which are concealed or used in common by Landlords of the Project. However, Landlord shall not be obligated to maintain or repair windows, doors, plate glass or the interior surfaces of the exterior walls. Landlord shall make repairs under this Section 6.03 within a reasonable time after receipt of a written notice from Tenant of the need for such repairs. (b) Tenant shall pay or reimburse Landlord for all costs Landlord incurs under Paragraph 6.03(a) above as Common Area costs as provided for in Section 4.05 of the Lease. Tenant waives the benefit of any statute in effect now or in the future which might give Tenant the right to make repairs at Landlord's expense or to terminate this Lease due to Landlord's failure to keep the Property in good order, condition and repair. Section 6.04. Tenant's Obligations. (a) Except as provided in Section 6.03, Article Seven (Damage or Destruction) and Article Eight (Condemnation), Tenant shall keep all portions of the Property (including structural, nonstructural, interior, systems and equipment) in good order, condition and repair (including interior repainting and refinishing, as needed). If any portion of the Property or any system or equipment in the Property which Tenant is obligated to repair cannot be fully repaired or restored, Tenant shall promptly replace such portion of the Property or system or equipment in the Property, regardless of whether the benefit of such replacement extends beyond the Lease Term; but if the benefit or useful life of such replacement extends beyond the Lease Term (as such terms may be extended by exercise of any options), the useful life of such replacement shall be prorated over the remaining portion of the Lease Term (as extended), and Tenant shall be liable only for that portion of the cost which is applicable to the Lease Term (as extended). Tenant shall maintain a preventive maintenance contract providing for the regular inspection and maintenance of the heating and air conditioning system by a licensed heating and air conditioning contractor. Landlord shall have the right, upon written notice to Tenant, to undertake the responsibility for preventive maintenance of the heating and air conditioning system at Tenant's expense. In addition, Tenant shall, at Tenant's expense, repair any damage to the roof, foundation or structural portions of walls caused by Tenant's act or omissions. It is the intention of Landlord and Tenant that, at all times during the Lease Term, Tenant shall maintain the Property in an attractive, first-class and fully operative condition. (b) Tenant shall pay when due all claims for labor and material furnished to the Property. Tenant shall give Landlord at least twenty (20) days' prior written notice of the commencement of any work on the Property, regardless of whether Landlord's consent to such work is required. Landlord may elect to record and post notices of non-responsibility on the Property. Section 6.06. Condition upon Termination. Upon termination of the Lease, Tenant shall surrender the Property to Landlord, broom clean and in the same condition as received except for ordinary wear and tear which Tenant was not otherwise obligated to remedy under any provision of this Lease. However, Tenant shall not be obligated to repair any damage which Landlord is required to repair under Article Seven (Damage or Destruction). In addition, Landlord may require Tenant to remove any alterations, additions or improvements (whether or not made with Landlord's consent) prior to the expiration of the Lease and to restore the Property to its prior condition, all at Tenant's expense. All alterations, additions and improvements which Landlord has not required Tenant to remove shall become Landlord's property and shall be surrendered to Landlord upon the expiration or earlier termination of the Lease, except that Tenant may remove any of Tenant's machinery or equipment which can be removed without material damage to the Property. Tenant shall repair, at Tenant's expense, any damage to the Property caused by the removal of any such machinery or equipment. In no event, however, shall Tenant remove any of the following materials or equipment (which shall be deemed Landlord's property) without Landlord's prior written consent: any power wiring or power panels; lighting or lighting fixtures; wall coverings; drapes, blinds or other window coverings; carpets or other floor coverings; heaters, air conditioners or any other heating or air conditioning equipment; fencing or security gates; or other similar building operating equipment and decorations. ARTICLE SEVEN: DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION Section 7.01. Partial Damage to Property. (a) Tenant shall notify Landlord in writing immediately upon the occurrence of any damage to the Property. If the Property is only partially damages (i.e., less than fifty percent (50%) of the Property is untenantable as a result of such damage or less than fifty percent (50%) of Tenant's operations are materially impaired) and if the proceeds received by Landlord from the insurance policies described in Paragraph 4.04(b) are sufficient to pay for the necessary repairs, this Lease shall remain in effect and Landlord shall repair the damage as soon as reasonably possible. Landlord may elect (but is not required) to repair any damage to Tenant's fixtures, equipment, or improvements. 6 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> (b) ----------- proceeds received by Landlord are not ----------- pay the entire cost of repair or if the cause of the damage is covered by the insurance policies which Landlord ---------- under Paragraph 4.04(b), Landlord may elect either to (i) repair the damage as soon as reasonably possible, in which case this Lease shall remain in full force and effect, or (ii) terminate this Lease as of the date the damage occurred. Landlord shall notify Tenant within thirty (30) days after receipt of notice of the occurrence of the damage whether Landlord elects to repair the damage or terminate the Lease. If Landlord elects to repair the damage, Tenant shall pay Landlord the "deductible amount" (if any) under Landlord's insurance policies and, if the damage was due to an act or omission of Tenant, or Tenant's employees, agents, contractors or invitees, the difference between the actual cost of repair and any insurance proceeds received by Landlord. If Landlord elects to terminate the Lease, Tenant may elect to continue this Lease in full force and effect, in which case Tenant shall repair any damage to the Property and any building in which the Property is located. Tenant shall pay the cost of such repairs, except that upon satisfactory completion of such repairs, Landlord shall deliver to Tenant any such insurance proceeds received by Landlord for the damage repaired by Tenant. Tenant shall give Landlord written notice of such election within ten (10) days after receiving Landlord's termination notice. (c) If the damage to the property occurs during the last six (6) months of the Lease Term and such damage will require more than thirty (30) days to repair, either Landlord or Tenant may elect to terminate this Lease as of the date the damage occurred, regardless of the sufficiency of any insurance proceeds. The party electing to terminate this Lease shall give written notification to the other party of such election within thirty (30) days after Tenant's notice to Landlord of the occurrence of the Damage. Section 7.02. Substantial or Total Destruction. If the Property is substantially or totally destroyed by any cause whatsoever (i.e., the damage to the Property is greater than partial damage as described in Section 7.01), and regardless of whether Landlord receives any insurance proceeds, this Lease shall terminate as of the date the destruction occurred. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, if the Property can be rebuilt within six (6) months after the date of destruction, Landlord may elect to rebuild the Property at Landlord's own expense, in which case this Lease shall remain in full force and effect. Landlord shall notify Tenant of such election within thirty (30) days after Tenant's notice of the occurrence of total or substantial destruction. If Landlord so elects, Landlord shall rebuild the Property at Landlord's sole expense, except that if the destruction was caused by an act or omission of Tenant, Tenant shall pay Landlord the difference between the actual cost of rebuilding and any insurance proceeds received by Landlord. Section 7.03. Temporary Reduction of Rent. If the Property is destroyed or damaged and Landlord or Tenant repairs or restores the Property pursuant to the provisions of this Article Seven, any rent payable during the period of such damage, repair and/or restoration shall be reduced according to the degree, if any, to which Tenant's use of the Property is impaired. However, the reduction shall not exceed the sum of one year's payment of Base Rent, insurance premiums and real property taxes. Except for such possible reduction in Base Rent, insurance premiums and real property taxes, Tenant shall not be entitled to any compensation, reduction, or reimbursement from Landlord as a result of any damage, destruction, repair, or restoration of or to the Property. Section 7.04. Waiver. Tenant waives the protection of any statute, code or judicial decision which grants a Tenant the right to terminate a lease in the event of the substantial or total destruction of the leased property. Tenant agrees that the provisions of Section 7.02 above shall govern the rights and obligations of Landlord and Tenant in the event of any substantial or total destruction to the Property. ARTICLE EIGHT: CONDEMNATION If all or any portion of the Property is taken under the power of eminent domain or sold under the threat of that power (all of which are called "Condemnation"), this Lease shall terminate as to the part taken or sold on the date the condemning authority takes title or possession, whichever occurs first. If more than twenty percent (20%) of the floor area of the building in which the Property is located, or which is located on the Property, is taken, either Landlord or Tenant may terminate this Lease as of the date the condemning authority takes title or possession, by delivering written notice to the other within ten (10) days after receipt of written notice of such taking (or in the absence of such notice, within ten (10) days after the condemning authority takes title or possession). If neither Landlord nor Tenant terminates this Lease, this Lease shall remain in effect as to the portion of the Property not taken, except that the Base Rent and Additional Rent shall be reduced in proportion to the reduction in the floor area of the Property. Any Condemnation award or payment shall be distributed in the following order: (a) first, to any ground lessor, mortgagee or beneficiary under a deed of trust encumbering the Property, the amount of its interest in the Property; (b) second, to Tenant, only the amount of any award specifically designated for loss of or damage to Tenant's trade fixtures or removable personal property; and (c) third, to Landlord, the remainder of such award, whether as compensation for reduction in the value of the leasehold, the taking of the fee, or otherwise. If this Lease is not terminated, Landlord shall repair any damage to the Property caused by the Condemnation, except that Landlord shall not be obligated to repair any damage for which Tenant has been reimbursed by the condemning authority. If the severance damages received by Landlord are not sufficient to pay for such repair, Landlord shall have the right to either terminate this Lease or make such repair at Landlord's expense. ARTICLE NINE: ASSIGNMENT AND SUBLETTING Section 9.01. Landlord's Consent Required. No portion of the Property or of Tenant's interest in this Lease may be acquired by any other person or entity, whether by sale, assignment, mortgage, sublease, transfer, operation of law, or act of Tenant, without Landlord's prior written consent, except as provided in Section 9.02 below. Landlord has the right to grant or withhold its consent as provided in Section 9.05 below. Any attempted transfer without consent shall be void and shall constitute a non-curable breach of this Lease. If Tenant is a partnership, any cumulative transfer of more than twenty percent (20%) of the partnership interests shall require Landlord's consent. If Tenant is a corporation, any change in the ownership of a controlling interest of the voting stock of the corporation shall require Landlord's consent. Section 9.02. Tenant Affiliate. Tenant may assign this Lease or sublease the Property, without Landlord's consent, to any corporation which controls, is controlled by or is under common control with Tenant, or to any corporation resulting from the merger or consolidation with Tenant ("Tenant's Affiliate"). In such case, any Tenant's Affiliate shall assume in writing all of Tenant's obligations under this Lease. Section 9.03. No Release of Tenant. No transfer permitted by this Article Nine, whether with or without Landlord's consent, shall release Tenant or change Tenant's primary liability to pay the rent and to perform all other obligations of Tenant under this Lease. Landlord's acceptance of rent from any other person is not a waiver of any provision of this Article Nine. Consent to one transfer is not a consent to any subsequent transfer. If Tenant's transferee defaults under this Lease, Landlord may proceed directly against Tenant without pursuing remedies against the Transferee. Landlord may consent to subsequent assignments 7 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> or modify ------------ this Lease by Tenant's transferee, without notifying ---------- or obtaining the consent. Such action shall not relieve ------------- under this Lease. Section 9.04. Offer to Terminate. If Tenant desires to assign the Lease or sublease the Property, Tenant shall have the right to offer, in writing, to terminate the Lease as of the date specified in the offer. If Landlord elects in writing to accept the offer to terminate within twenty (20) days after notice of the offer, the Lease shall terminate as of the date specified and all terms and provisions of the Lease governing termination shall apply. If Landlord does not so elect, the Lease shall continue in effect until otherwise terminated and the provisions of Section 9.05 with respect to any proposed transfer shall continue to apply. Section 9.05. Landlord's Consent. (a) Tenant's request for consent to any transfer described in Section 9.01 shall set forth in writing the details of the proposed transfer, including the name, business and financial condition of the prospective transferee, financial details of the proposed transfer (e.g., the term of and the rent and security deposit payable under any proposed assignment or sublease), and any other information Landlord deems relevant. Landlord shall have the right to withhold consent, if reasonable, or to grant consent, based on the following factors: (i) the business of the proposed assignee or subTenant and the proposed use of the Property; (ii) the net worth and financial reputation of the proposed assignee or subTenant; (iii) Tenant's compliance with all of its obligations under the Lease; and (iv) such other factors as Landlord may reasonably deem relevant. If Landlord objects to a proposed assignment solely because of the net worth and/or financial reputation of the proposed assignee, Tenant may nonetheless sublease (but not assign), all or a portion of the Property to the proposed transferee, but only in the other terms of the proposed transfer. (b) If Tenant assigns or subleases, the following shall apply: (i) Tenant shall pay to Landlord as Additional Rent under the Lease the Landlord's Share (stated in Section 1.14) of the Profit (defined below) on such transaction as and when received by Tenant, unless Landlord gives written notification to Tenant and the assignee or subTenant that Landlord's Share shall be paid by the assignee or subTenant to Landlord directly. The "Profit" means (A) all amounts paid to Tenant for such assignment or sublease, including "key" money, monthly rent in excess of the monthly rent payable under the Lease, and all fees and other consideration paid for the assignment or sublease, including fees under any collateral agreements, less (B) costs and expenses directly incurred by Tenant in connection with the execution and performance of such assignment or sublease for real estate broker's commissions and costs of renovation or construction of Tenant improvements required under such assignment or sublease. Tenant is entitled to recover such costs and expenses before Tenant is obligated to pay the Landlord's Share to Landlord. The Profit in the case of a sublease of less than all the Property is the rent allocable to the subleased space as a percentage on a square footage basis. (ii) Tenant shall provide Landlord a written statement certifying all amounts to be paid from any assignment or sublease of the Property within thirty (30) days after the transaction documentation is signed, and Landlord may inspect Tenant's book and records to verify the accuracy of such statement. On written request, Tenant shall promptly furnish to Landlord copies of all the transaction documentation, all of which shall be certified by Tenant to be complete, true and correct. Landlord's receipt of Landlord's Share shall not be a consent to any further assignment or subletting. The breach of Tenant's obligation under this Paragraph 9.05(b) shall be a material default of the Lease. Section 9.06. No Merger. No merger shall result from Tenant's sublease of the Property under this Article Nine, Tenant's surrender of this Lease or the termination of this Lease in any other manner. In any such event, Landlord may terminate any or all subtenancies or succeed to the interest of Tenant as sublandlord under any or all subtenancies. ARTICLE TEN: DEFAULTS; REMEDIES Section 10.01. Covenants and Conditions. Tenant's performance of each of Tenant's obligations under this Lease is a condition as well as a covenant. Tenant's right to continue in possession of the Property is conditioned upon such performance. Time is of the essence in the performance of all covenants and conditions. Section 10.02. Defaults. Tenant shall be in material default under this Lease: (a) If Tenant abandons the Property or if Tenant's vacation of the Property results in the cancellation of any insurance described in Section 4.04; (b) If Tenant fails to pay rent or any other charge when due; (c) If Tenant fails to perform any of Tenant's non-monetary obligations under this Lease for a period of thirty (30) days after written notice from Landlord; provided that if more than thirty (30) days are required to complete such performance, Tenant shall not be in default if Tenant commences such performance within the thirty (30) -day period and thereafter diligently pursues its completion. However, Landlord shall not be required to give such notice if Tenant's failure to perform constitutes a non-curable breach of this Lease. The notice required by this Paragraph is intended to satisfy any and all notice requirements imposed by law on Landlord and is not in addition to any such requirement. (d) (i) If Tenant makes a general assignment or general arrangement for the benefit of creditors; (ii) if a petition for adjudication of bankruptcy or for reorganization or rearrangement is filed by or against Tenant and is not dismissed within thirty (30) days; (iii) if a trustee or receiver is appointed to take possession of substantially all of Tenant's assets located at the Property or of Tenant's interest in this Lease and possession is not restored to Tenant within thirty (30) days; or (iv) if substantially of Tenant's assets located at the Property or of Tenant's interest in this Lease is subjected to attachment, execution or other judicial seizure which is not discharged within thirty (30) days. If a court of competent jurisdiction determines that any of the acts described in this subparagraph (d) is not a default under this Lease, and a trustee is appointed to take possession (or if Tenant remains a debtor in possession) and such trustee or Tenant transfers Tenant's interest hereunder, then Landlord shall receive, as Additional Rent, the excess, if any, of the rent (or any other consideration) paid in connection with such assignment or sublease over the rent payable by Tenant under this Lease. (e) If any guarantor of the Lease revokes or otherwise terminates, or purports to revoke or otherwise terminate, any guaranty of all or any portion of Tenant's obligations under the Lease. Unless otherwise expressly provided, no guaranty of the Lease is revocable. Section 10.03. Remedies. On the occurrence of any material default by Tenant, Landlord may, at any time thereafter, with or without notice or demand and without limiting Landlord in the exercise of any right or remedy which Landlord may have: (a) Terminate Tenant's right to possession of the Property by any lawful means, in which case this Lease shall terminate and Tenant shall immediately surrender possession of the Property to Landlord. In such event, Landlord shall be entitled to recover 8 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> from ------------- all damages incurred by Landlord by reason of --------, including ------------- worth at the time of the award of the ------- Rent, Additional Rent and other charges which ------------- earned at the time of the termination; (ii) the worth at the time of the award of the amount by which the unpaid Base Rent, Additional Rent and other charges which Landlord would have earned after termination until the time of the award exceeds the amount of such rental loss that Tenant provides Landlord could have reasonably avoided; (iii) the worth at the time of the award of the amount by which the unpaid Base Rent, Additional Rent and other charges which Tenant would have paid for the balance of the Lease Term after the time of award exceeds the amount of such rental loss that Tenant provides Landlord could have reasonably avoided; and (iv) any other amount necessary to compensate Landlord for all the detriment proximately caused by Tenant's failure to perform its obligation sunder the Lease or which in the ordinary course of things would be likely to result therefrom, including, but not limited to, any costs and expenses Landlord incurs in maintaining or preserving the Property after such default, the cost of recovering possession of the Property, expenses of reletting, including necessary renovation or alteration of the Property, Landlord's reasonable attorneys' fees incurred in connection therewith, and any real estate commission paid or payable. As used in subparts (i) and (ii) above, the "worth at the time of the award" is computed by allowing interest on unpaid amounts at the rate of fifteen percent (15%) per annum, or such lesser amount as may then be the maximum lawful rate. As used in subpart (iii) above, the "worth at the time of the award" is computed by discounting such amount at the discount rate of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco at the time of the award, plus one percent (1%). If Tenant has abandoned the Property, Landlord shall have the option of (i) retaking possession of the Property and recovering from Tenant the amount specified in this Paragraph 10.03(a), or (ii) proceeding under Paragraph 10.03(b); (b) Maintain Tenant's right to possession. In which case this Lease shall continue in effect whether or not Tenant has abandoned the Property. In such event, Landlord shall be entitled to enforce all of Landlord's rights and remedies under this Lease, including the right to recover the rent as it becomes due; (c) Pursue any other remedy now or hereafter available to Landlord under the laws or judicial decisions of the state in which the Property is located. Section 10.04. Repayment of "Free" Rent. If this Lease provides for a postponement of any monthly rental payments, a period of "free" rent or other rent concession, such postponed rent or "free" rent is called the "Abated Rent." Tenant shall be credited with having paid all of the Abated Rent on the expiration of the Lease Term only if Tenant has fully, faithfully, and punctually performed all of Tenant's obligations hereunder, including the payment of all rent (other than the Abated Rent) and all other monetary obligations and the surrender of the Property in the physical condition required by this Lease. Tenant acknowledges that its right to receive credit for the Abated Rent is absolutely conditioned upon Tenant's full, faithful and punctual performance of its obligations under this Lease. If Tenant defaults and does not cure within any applicable grace period, the Abated Rent shall immediately become due and payable in full and this Lease shall be enforced as if there were no such rent abatement or other rent concession. In such case Abated Rent shall be calculated based on the full initial rent payable under this Lease. Section 10.05. Automatic Termination. Notwithstanding any other term or provision hereof to the contrary, the Lease shall terminate on the occurrence of any act which affirms the Landlord's intention to terminate the Lease as provided in Section 10.03 hereof, including the filing of an unlawful detainer action against Tenant. On such termination, Landlord's damages for default shall include all costs and fees, including reasonable attorneys' fees that Landlord incurs in connection with the filing, commencement, pursuing and/or defending of any action in any bankruptcy court or other court with respect to the Lease; the obtaining of relief from any stay in bankruptcy restraining any action to evict Tenant; or the pursuing of any action with respect to Landlord's right to possession of the Property. All such damages suffered (apart from Base Rent and other rent payable hereunder) shall constitute pecuniary damages which must be reimbursed to Landlord prior to assumption of the Lease by Tenant or any successor to Tenant in any bankruptcy or other proceeding. Section 10.06. Cumulative Remedies. Landlord's exercise of any right or remedy shall not prevent it from exercising any other right or remedy. ARTICLE ELEVEN: PROTECTION OF LENDERS Section 11.01. Subordination. Landlord shall have the right to subordinate this Lease on any ground lease, deed of trust or mortgage encumbering the Property, any advances made on the security thereof and any renewals, modifications, consolidations, replacements or extensions thereof, whenever made or recorded. Tenant shall cooperate with Landlord and any lender which is acquiring a security interest in the Property or the Lease. Tenant shall execute such further documents and assurances as such lender may require, provided that Tenant's obligation under this Lease shall not be increased in any material way (the performance of ministerial acts shall not be deemed material), and Tenant shall not be deprived of its rights under this Lease. Tenant's right to quiet possession of the Property during the Lease Term shall not be disturbed if Tenant pays the rent and performs all of Tenant's obligation under this Lease and is not otherwise in default. If any ground lessor, beneficiary or mortgagee elects to have this Lease prior to the lien of its ground lease, deed of trust or mortgage and gives written notice thereof to Tenant, this Lease shall be deemed prior to such ground lease, deed of trust or mortgage whether this Lease is dated prior or subsequent to the date of said ground lease, deed of trust or mortgage or the date of recording thereof. Section 11.02. Attornment. If Landlord's interest in the Property is acquired by any ground lessor, beneficiary under a deed of trust, mortgagee, or purchaser at a foreclosure sale, Tenant shall attorn to the transferee of or successor to Landlord's interest in the Property and recognize such transferee or success as Landlord under this Lease. Tenant waives the protection of any statute or rule of law which gives or purports to give Tenant any right to terminate this Lease or surrender possession of the Property upon the transfer of Landlord's interest. Section 11.03. Signing of Documents. Tenant shall sign and deliver any Instrument or documents necessary or appropriate to evidence any such attornment or subordination or agreement to do so. If Tenant fails to do so within ten (10) days after written request, Tenant hereby makes, constitutes and irrevocably appoints Landlord, or any transferee or successor of Landlord, the attorney-in-fact of Tenant to execute and deliver any such instrument or document. Section 11.04. Estoppel Certificates. (a) Upon Landlord's written request, Tenant shall execute, acknowledge and deliver to Landlord a written statement certifying: (i) that none of the terms or provisions of this Lease have been changed (or if they have been changed, stating how they have been changed); (ii) that this Lease has not been canceled or terminated; (iii) the last date of payment of the Base Rent and other charges and the time period covered by such payment; (iv) that Landlord is not in default under this Lease (or, if 9 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> Landlord is claimed to be default, stating why); and (v) ------------ representations or information with respect to Tenant or ------------ Landlord may reasonably request or which ---------- purchaser or encumbrancer of the Property may -------- shall deliver such statement to Landlord within ten (10) days after Landlord's request. Landlord may give any such statement by Tenant to any such prospective purchaser or encumbrancer of the Property. Such purchaser or encumbrancer may rely conclusively upon such statement as true and correct. (b) If Tenant does not deliver such statement to Landlord within such ten (10) -day period, Landlord, and any perspective purchaser or encumbrancer, may conclusively presume and rely upon the following facts: (i) that the terms and provisions of this Lease have not been changed except as otherwise represented by Landlord; (ii) that this Lease has not been canceled or terminated except as otherwise represented by Landlord; (iii) that not more than one month's Base Rent or other charges have been paid in advance; and (iv) that Landlord is not in default under the Lease. In such event, Tenant shall be estopped from denying the truth of such facts. Section 11.05. Tenant's Financial Condition. Within ten (10) days after written request from Landlord, Tenant shall deliver to Landlord such financial statements as Landlord reasonably requires to verify the net worth of Tenant or any assignee, subTenant, or guarantor of Tenant. In addition, Tenant shall deliver to any lender designated by Landlord any financial statements required by such lender to facilitate the financing or refinancing of the Property. Tenant represents and warrants to Landlord that each such financial statement is a true and accurate statement as of the date of such statement. All financial statements shall be confidential and shall be used only for the purposes set forth in this Lease. ARTICLE TWELVE: LEGAL COSTS Section 12.01. Legal Proceedings. If Tenant and Landlord shall be in breach or default under this Lease, such party (the "Defaulting Party") shall reimburse the other party (the "Nondefaulting Party") upon demand of any costs or expenses that the Nondefaulting Party incurs in connection with any breach or default of the Defaulting Party under this Lease, whether or not suit is commenced or judgment entered. Such costs shall include legal fees and costs incurred for the negotiation of a settlement, enforcement of rights or otherwise. Furthermore, if any action for breach of or to enforce the provisions of this Lease is commenced, the court in such action shall award to the party in whose favor a judgment is entered, a reasonable sum as attorneys' fees and costs. The losing party in such action shall pay such attorneys' fees and costs. Tenant shall also indemnify Landlord against and hold Landlord harmless from all costs, expenses, demands and liability Landlord may incur if Landlord becomes or is made a party to any claim or action (a) instituted by Tenant against any third party, or by any third party against Tenant, or by or against any person holding any interest under or using the Property by license of or agreement with Tenant; (b) for foreclosure of any lien for labor or material furnished to or for Tenant or such other person; (c) otherwise arising out of or resulting from any act or transaction of Tenant or such other person; or (d) necessary to protect Landlord's interest under this Lease in a bankruptcy proceeding, or other proceeding under title 11 of the United States Code, as amended. Tenant shall defend Landlord against any such claim or action at Tenant's expense with counsel reasonably acceptable to Landlord or, at Landlord's election, Tenant shall reimburse Landlord for any legal fees or costs Landlord incurs in any such claim or action. Section 12.02. Landlord's Consent. Tenant shall pay Landlord's reasonable attorneys' fees incurred in connection with Tenant's request for Landlord's consent under Article Nine (Assignment and Subletting), or in connection with any other act which Tenant proposes to do and which requires Landlord's consent. ARTICLE THIRTEEN: MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Section 13.01. Non-Discrimination. Tenant promises, and it is a condition to the continuance of this Lease, that there will be no discrimination against, or segregation of, any person or group of persons on the basis of race, color, sex, creed, national origin or ancestry in the leasing, subleasing, transferring, occupancy, tenure or use of the Property or any portion thereof. Section 13.02. Landlord's Liability; Certain Duties. (a) As used in this Lease, the term "Landlord" means only the current owner or owners of the fee title to the Property or Project or the leasehold estate under a ground lease of the Property or Project at the time in question. Each Landlord is obligated to perform the obligations of Landlord under this Lease only during the time such Landlord owns such interest or title. Any Landlord who transfers its title or interest is relieved of all liability with respect to the obligations of Landlord under this Lease to be performed on or after the date of transfer. However, each Landlord shall deliver to its transferee all funds that Tenant previously paid if such funds have not yet been applied under the terms of this Lease. (b) Tenant shall give written notice of any failure by Landlord to perform any of its obligation sunder this Lease to Landlord and to any ground lessor, mortgagee or beneficiary under any deed of trust encumbering the Property whose name and address have been furnished to Tenant in writing. Landlord shall not be in default under this Lease unless Landlord (or such ground lessor, mortgagee or beneficiary) fails to cure such non-performance within thirty (30) days to cure, Landlord shall not be in default if such cure is commenced within such thirty (30) -day period and thereafter diligently pursued to completion. (c) Notwithstanding any term or provision herein to the contrary, the liability of Landlord for the performance of its duties and obligation sunder this Lease is limited to Landlord's interest in the Property and the Project, and neither the Landlord nor its partners, shareholders, officers or other principals shall have any personal liability under this Lease. Section 13.03. Severability. A determination by a court of competent jurisdiction that any provision of this Lease or any part thereof is illegal or unenforceable shall not cancel or invalidate the remainder of such provision of this Lease, which shall remain in full force and effect. Section 13.04. Interpretation. The captions of the Articles or Sections of this Lease are to assist the Parties in reading this Lease and are not a part of the terms or provisions of this Lease. Whenever required by the context of this Lease, the singular shall include the plural and the plural shall include the singular. The masculine, feminine and neuter genders shall each include the other. In any provision relating to the conduct, acts or omissions of Tenant, the term "Tenant" shall include Tenant's agents, employees, contractors, invitees, successors or others using the Property with Tenant's expressed or implied permission. Section 13.05. Incorporation of Prior Agreements; Modifications. This Lease is the only agreement between the parties pertaining to the Lease of the Property and no other agreements are effective. All amendments to this Lease shall be in writing and signed by all parties. Any other attempted amendment shall be void. Section 13.06. Notices. All notices required or permitted under this Lease shall be in writing and shall be personally delivered or sent by certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid. Notices to Tenant shall be delivered to the address 10 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> specified in Section 1.03 above, except thereupon Tenant's --------- of the Property, the Property shall be Tenant's ------------ purposes. Notices to Landlord shall be -------- address specified in Section 1.02 above. All notices shall be effective upon delivery. Either party may change its notice address upon written notice to the other party. Section 13.07. Waivers. All waivers must be in writing and signed by the waiving party. Landlord's failure to enforce any provision of this Lease or its acceptance of rent shall not be a waiver and shall not prevent Landlord from enforcing that provision or any other provision of this Lease in the future. No statement on a payment check from Tenant or in a letter accompanying a payment check shall be binding on Landlord. Landlord may, with or without notice to Tenant, negotiate such check without being bound to the conditions of such statement. Section 13.08. No Recordation. Tenant shall not record this Lease without prior written consent from Landlord. However, either Landlord or Tenant may require that a "Short Form" memorandum of this Lease executed by both parties be recorded. The party requiring such recording shall pay all transfer taxes and recording fees. Section 13.09. Binding Effect; Choice of Law. This Lease binds any party who legally acquires any rights or interest in this Lease from Landlord or Tenant. However, Landlord shall have no obligation to Tenant's successor unless the rights or interests of Tenant's successor are acquired in accordance with the terms of this Lease. The laws of the state in which the Property is located shall govern this Lease. Section 13.10. Corporate Authority; Partnership Authority. If Tenant is a corporation, each person signing this Lease on behalf of Tenant represents and warrants that he has full authority to do so and that this Lease binds the corporation. Within thirty (30) days after this Lease is signed, Tenant shall deliver to Landlord a certified copy of a resolution of Tenant's Board of Directors authorizing the execution of this Lease or other evidence of such authority reasonably acceptable to Landlord. If Tenant is a partnership, each person or entity signing this Lease for Tenant represents and warrants that he or it is a general partner of the partnership, that he or it has full authority to sign for the partnership and that this Lease binds the partnership and all general partners of the partnership. Tenant shall give written notice to Landlord of any general partner's withdrawal or addition. Within thirty (30) days after this Lease is signed, Tenant shall deliver to Landlord a copy of Tenant's recorded statement of partnership or certificate of limited partnership. Section 13.11. Joint and Several Liability. All parties signing this Lease as Tenant shall be jointly and severally liable for all obligations of Tenant. Section 13.12. Force Majeure. If Landlord cannot perform any of its obligations due to events beyond Landlord's control, the time provided for performing such obligations shall be extended by a period of time equal to the duration of such events. Events beyond Landlord's control include, but are not limited to, acts of God, war, civil commotion, labor disputes, strikes, fire, flood, or other casualty, shortages of labor or material, government regulation or restriction and weather conditions. Section 13.13. Execution of Lease. This Lease may be executed in counterparts and, when all counterpart documents are executed, the counterparts shall constitute a single binding instrument. Landlord's delivery of this Lease to Tenant shall not be deemed to be an offer to lease and shall not be binding upon either party until executed and delivered by both parties. Section 13.14. Survival. All representations and warranties of Landlord and Tenant shall survive the termination of this Lease. ARTICLE FOURTEEN: BROKERS Section 14.01. Broker's Fee. When this Lease is signed by and delivered to both Landlord and Tenant, Landlord shall pay a real estate commission to Landlord's Broker named in Section 1.08 above, if any, as provided in the written agreement between Landlord and Landlord's Broker, or the sum stated in Section 1.09 above for services rendered to Landlord by Landlord's Broker in this transaction. Landlord shall pay Landlord's Broker a commission if Tenant exercises any option to extend the Lease Term or to buy the Property, or any similar option or right which Landlord may grant to Tenant, if Landlord's Broker is the procuring cause of any other lease or sale entered into between Landlord and Tenant covering the Property. Such commission shall be the amount set forth in Landlord's Broker's commission schedule in effect as of the execution of this Lease. If a Tenant's Broker is named in Section 1.06 above, Landlord's Broker shall pay an appropriate portion of its commission Tenant's Broker if so provided in any agreement between Landlord's Broker and Tenant's Broker. Nothing contained in this Lease shall impose any obligation on Landlord to pay a commission or fee to any party other than Landlord's Broker. Section 14.02. Protection of Brokers. If Landlord sells the Property, or assigns Landlord's interest in this Lease, the buyer or assignee shall, by accepting such conveyance of the property or assignment of the Lease, be conclusively deemed to have agreed to make all payments to Landlord's Broker thereafter required of Landlord under this Article Fourteen. Landlord's Broker shall have the right to bring a legal action to enforce or declare rights under this provision. The prevailing party in such action shall be entitled to reasonable attorneys' fees to be paid by the losing party. Such attorneys' fees shall be fixed by the court in such action. This Paragraph is included in his Lease for the benefit of Landlord's Broker. Section 14.03. Agency Disclosure; No Other Brokers. Landlord and Tenant each warrant that they have dealt with no other real estate broker(s) in connection with this transaction except: CB Richard Ellis, Inc., who represents Landlord, and CB Richard Ellis, Inc., who represents Tenant. In the event that CB Richard Ellis, Inc. represents both Landlord and Tenant, Landlord and Tenant hereby confirm that they were timely advised of the dual representation and that they consent to the same, and that they do not expect said broker to disclose to either of them the confidential information of the other party. ARTICLE FIFTEEN: COMPLIANCE The parties hereto agree to comply with all applicable federal, state and local laws, regulations, codes, ordinances and administrative orders having jurisdiction over the parties, property or the subject matter of this Agreement, including, but not limited to, the 1964 Civil Rights Act and all amendments thereto, the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act, and The Americans With Disabilities Act. 11 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS MAY BE SET FORTH IN A __________ RIDERS ATTACHED HERETO OR IN THE BLANK SPACE _____. IF NO ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS ARE INCLUDED, PLEASE DRAW A LINE THROUGH THE SPACE BELOW. 12 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> Landlord and Tenant have signed this Lease at the place and the dates specified adjacent to their signatures below and have _________ Riders which are attached to or incorporated by _____ in this Lease. "LANDLORD" Signed on July 20, 1997 CALIFORNIA AVE. ASSOCIATES, LLC at ------------------- By: [Illegible] ------------------------------------ Its: Managing Partner "TENANT" Signed on July 20, 1997 ORIGIN BOOK SALES, INC. at ------------------- By: [Illegible] ------------------------------------ Its: President IN ANY REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS, IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT YOU CONSULT WITH A PROFESSION, SUCH AS A CIVIL ENGINEER, INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST OR OTHER PERSON WITH EXPERIENCE IN EVALUATING THE CONDITION OF THE PROPERTY, INCLUDING THE POSSIBLE PRESENCE OF ASBESTOS, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS. THIS PRINTED FORM LEASE HAS BEEN DRAFTED BY LEGAL COUNSEL AT THE DIRECTION OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CHAPTER OF THE SOCIETY OF INDUSTRIAL AND OFFICE REALTORS, INC. NO REPRESENTATION OR RECOMMENDATION IS MADE BY THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CHAPTER OF SOCIETY OF INDUSTRIAL AND OFFICE REALTORS, INC., ITS LEGAL COUNSEL. THE REAL ESTATE BROKERS NAMED HEREIN, OR THEIR EMPLOYEES AGENTS, AS TO THE LEGAL SUFFICIENCY, LEGAL EFFECT OR TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LEASE OR OF THIS TRANSACTION. LANDLORD AND Tenant SHOULD RETAIN LEGAL COUNSEL TO ADVISE THEM ON SUCH MATTERS AND SHOULD RELY UPON THE ADVICE OF SUCH LEGAL COUNSEL. 13 Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> EXHIBIT "A" Attached to and made part of that Lease bearing the Lease Reference Date of July 16, 1998 between California Avenue Associates, LLC, as Landlord and Origin Book Sales, Inc. as Tenant. Premises Site Plan Exhibit A is intended only to show the general layout of the property as of the beginning of the Term of this Lease. Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> EXHIBIT __ Attached ___ ____ made part of that Lease bearing the lease Refer______ ______ of October 2, 1997 between California Associates, LLC, as Landlord and Origin Book Sales, Inc., as Tenant. Sign Specifications General Notes 1. The purpose of these criteria is to establish a unified sign program and the standards necessary to insure coordinated proportional exposure for all Tenants. Conformance shall be strictly enforced and the Tenant shall remove any non-conforming signs. 2. No signage shall be permitted except as expressly allowed by these sign criteria. Without limiting the general statement in any way, signage shall be permitted only on the signage fascia band on the Premises, or as provided for in the Allowable Signage section below. In no case shall signage be permitted on the roof, other walls, or columns, nor shall any freestanding monument or pole be permitted. 3. Each Tenant shall submit to the Landlord for approval four (4) copies of a detailed shop drawing of the proposed sign, in conformance with these criteria. Each submittal shall include, but not be limited to, pertinent dimensions, installation details and color call-outs. The Landlord must approve sign contractors prior to any design work or fabrication. 4. Styles or Tenant logos may be permitted subject to approval by the Landlord. Landlord's design approval will be based upon compatibility with signfront design, and with regard for the character intended of the overall development. 5. The Tenant shall submit Landlord-approved drawings to all agencies requiring approval, and shall pay for required permits. 6. Tenant will be responsible for supplying Landlord with copy of sign permit prior to sign installation. The Tenant shall pay for all signs and their installation and maintenance. 7. All signs shall be of excellent quality and workmanship. Work shall be performed by contractor licensed to do business in Utah. Landlord reserves the right to reject any work determined to be of substandard quality. This applies to manufacturing and installation of all signs. Tenant shall be fully responsible for the operations of Tenant's sign contractor. The sign company shall carry workers compensation and public liability insurance in an amount approved by Landlord. 8. All signs and their installation must comply with the Salt Lake City Sign Ordinance, as well as local building and electrical codes. 9. Signs built and/or installed without Landlord and City approvals and permits, or contrary to corrections made by Landlord or City, shall be altered to conform to these standards at the Tenant's expense. If Tenant's sign has not been brought into conformance within fifteen (15) days after written notice from Landlord, Landlord shall have the right to correct said sign at the expense of the Tenant. 10. Within fifteen (15) days of vacating the premises, Tenant must remove the sign and repair the fascia in accordance with Landlord's standards. If Tenant has not removed the sign and repaired the fascia to Landlord's satisfaction, Landlord may deduct the cost of such repair from the Tenant's security deposit. Any Tenant sign not removed within fifteen (15) days of Tenant's vacating the promises becomes the property of the Landlord. General Specifications 1. Walls or fascia signs shall consist of non-illuminated individual sheet metal channel letters with a baked on enamel finish, Plexiglass faces and bronze trim cap and returns. 2. No animated, flashing, audible or revolving signs shall be permitted. 3. Permanent advertising devices such as attraction boards, posters, cardboard signs, stickers/decals, banners and flags will not be permitted, without Landlord's written approval. 4. All Tenant signs installed in the fascia shall be vertically and horizontally centered within the fascia band fronting their Premises. No projections above or below designated sign area will be permitted. Building signs on rear flat walls shall be centered at the same level as signs on other sides of the building. Allowable Signage 1. The maximum length for each Tenant's wall or fascia sign shall be 70% of the leased frontage. 2. The maximum letter height shall be 18 inches for single line signs, 12 inches for two line signs, or stacked copy. Overall height maximum for stacked copy with spacing will be 37 inches. 3. Each Tenant shall be permitted one sign, except for the end space Tenants, which shall be permitted one sign on each frontage. Rear signs shall be permitted. 4. Each Tenant shall be allowed to place in the upper window panel adjacent to the entrance door not more than 144 square inches of hand-painted, decal or stick-on lettering or graphics indicating hours of business, telephone numbers of emergency contact, approved credit cards, etc. 5. Each Tenant must identify its service door for delivery and emergency purposes only. Signs shall not exceed 144 square inches and shall be two (2) inches high Helvetica Medium letters printed on white self-adhesive vinyl. 6. Temporary advertising, banners and flags will, with written approval from Landlord, be permitted for a maximum of thirty (30) days after Tenant opens for business. Tenant shall submit a drawing of adequate size to reflect the size, copy, method and location of attachment for such temporary signage. After thirty (30) days, the Landlord has the right to remove all temporary signage at Tenant's expense. Initials ---------- ------------------- <PAGE> EXHIBIT "B" Attached to and made part of that Lease bearing the Lease Reference Date of July 16, 1998 between California Avenue Associates, LLC as Landlord and Origin Book Sales, Inc., as Tenant. Tenant Improvements Please reference working drawings by Fitzsimmons Murray, dated July 20, 1998. Initials ---------- -------------------